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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL DBA (reset)
MySQL 8 default character set is utf8mb4

The UTF-8 is a variable-length encoding.  In the case of UTF-8, it means that storing one code point requires one to four bytes. But, In MySQL’s encoding called “utf8” only stores a maximum of three bytes per code point. In the modern web / mobile applications, we have to support for storing not only language characters but also symbols and emojis, Let me show you below some very weird issues faced using MySQL “utf8” :

mysql> SET NAMES utf8; # just to emphasize that the connection charset is set to `utf8`
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> UPDATE custfeeds.reactions SET reacted = 'super like ' WHERE id = 13015;
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 1

mysql> SELECT reactions FROM custfeeds.reactions WHERE id = 13015;
+-------------+
| reactions   |
+-------------+
| super liked |
+-------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)


mysql> SHOW WARNINGS; …
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MySQL on Fedora 27

While updating my class image to Fedora 27, I noticed that it installed the Akonadi Server. The documentation on the Akonadi server lacked some straightforward documentation. It also offered a bundled set of software that limited how to approach MySQL development.

So, I removed all those packages with the following syntax:

dnf remove `rpm -qa | grep akonadi`

After removing those Akonadi packages, I installed the MySQL Community Edition from the Fedora repo with this syntax:

yum install -y community-mysql*

Having installed MySQL Community Edition, I started the service with this command:

sudo service mysql start

Then, I ran the mysql_secure_installation script to secure the installation:

mysql_secure_installation

The script set the root user’s password, remove the anonymous user, disallow remote root login, and …

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How to resize InnoDB logs ?

This post is about a very simple approach / step-by-step InnoDB log (aka transaction logs)resize, We don’t do this activity regularly but when we have to resize InnoDB log files, there will be a MySQL downtime. This post will be a like a checklist for anyone who want to resize InnoDB log files without any mistakes, We made this task in multiple steps so that you can follow much better:

Step 1 – Check existing logs and their size:

[root@localhost ~]# lsof -c mysqld | grep ib_logfile
mysqld  1018 mysql    5uW     REG              253,0  50331648   180228 /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile0
mysqld  1018 mysql   11uW     REG              253,0  50331648   180229 /var/lib/mysql/ib_logfile1

Step 2 – Shutdown MySQL

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop mysqld 
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl status mysqld 
● mysqld.service - MySQL Server
   Loaded: loaded …
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Purging binary logs from MySQL Master safely

In this post we will discus about the different ways we can purge binary logs safely in MySQL, We recommend you to confirm before purging the binary logs from the master, all logs were applied to the slaves to avoid halting them. The following error is usual when binary log is purged before being applied on slave:

Last_IO_Errno: 1236
Last_IO_Error: Got fatal error 1236 from master when reading data from binary log: ‘Could not open log file’

How can we safely purge MySQL binary log files ? 

  1. On each slave server, use SHOW SLAVE STATUS to check which log file it is reading.
  2. Get the binary log files details on the master with SHOW BINARY LOGS.
  3. Check for the earliest log file among all the slaves, This is the target file. If all the slaves are up to date, this is the last log file on the list.
  4. Make a backup of all log files you are about to delete (We insist …
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Fedora LAMP Steps

I posted earlier in the year how to configure a Fedora instance to test PHP code on a local VM. However, I’ve got a few questions on how to find those posts. Here’s a consolidation with links on those steps:

  1. Go to this blog post and install the httpd and php libraries with the yum installer.
  2. In the same blog post as step 1 (you can put the sample PHP code into the /var/www/html directory for testing), connect to the yum shell and remove the php-mysql library and then install the mysqlnd library.
  3. Go to this blog …
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Create MySQL Index

Indexes are separate data structures that provide alternate pathways to finding data. They can and do generally speed up the processing of queries and other DML commands, like the INSERT, UPDATE, REPLACE INTO, and DELETE statements. Indexes are also called fast access paths.

In the scope of the InnoDB Database Engine, the MySQL database maintains the integrity of indexes after you create them. The upside of indexes is that they can improve SQL statement performance. The downside is that they impose overhead on every INSERT, UPDATE, REPLACE INTO, and DELETE statement, because the database maintains them by inserting, updating, or deleting items for each related change in the tables that the indexes support.

Indexes have two key properties—usability and visibility. Indexes are both usable and visible by default. That means they …

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Bash Arrays & MySQL

Student questions are always interesting! They get me to think and to write. The question this time is: “How do I write a Bash Shell script to process multiple MySQL script files?” This post builds the following model (courtesy of MySQL Workbench) by using a bash shell script and MySQL script files, but there’s a disclaimer on this post. It shows both insecure and secure approaches and you should avoid the insecure ones.

It seems a quick refresher on how to use arrays in bash shell may be helpful. While it’s essential in a Linux environment, it’s seems not everyone masters the bash shell.

Especially, since I checked my …

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MySQL OCP Exams

Planning out my year, I decided to take the Oracle OCP and MySQL OCP exams. I checked for review books and was pleasantly surprised to find the soon to be released OCP MySQL Database Administrator Exam Guide (Exam 1Z0-883). However, I noticed that the book was actually prepared for the obsolete and discountinued Exams 1Z0-870, 1Z0-873, and 1Z0-874. As it turns out, Steve O’Hearn has informed me that there isn’t a book and that the posting in Amazon.com is in error.

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Ruby-MySQL Columns

Last week I posted how to configure and test Ruby and MySQL. Somebody asked me how to handle a dynamic list of columns. So, here’s a quick little program to show you how to read the dynamic list of column:

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require 'rubygems'
require 'mysql'
 
# Begin block.
begin
  # Create a new connection resource.
  db = Mysql.new('localhost','student','student','studentdb')
 
  # Create a result set.
  rs = db.query('SELECT item_title, item_rating FROM item')
  # Read through the result set hash.
  rs.each do | row |
    out = ""
    i = 0
    while i < db.field_count
      # Check if not last column.
      if i < db.field_count - 1
        out += "#{row[i]}, "
      else
        out += "#{row[i]}" …
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Java-MySQL Program

It turns out that configuring Perl wasn’t the last step for my student instance. It appears that I neglected to configure my student instance to support Java connectivity to MySQL. This post reviews the configuration of Java to run programs against MySQL. It also covers the new syntax on how you register a DriverManager, and avoid Java compilation errors with the older syntax.

In prior posts, I’ve shown how to use Perl , PHP, Python, and Ruby languages to query a MySQL database on Linux.

You need to install the Open JDK libraries …

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