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Displaying posts with tag: innodb (reset)
MySQL “No space left on device from storage engine”

We have planned for archiving the data to improve the DB performance and to reclaim the space. We were evaluating Compression in InnoDB and TokuDB. To find out the best compression method. We started benchmarking the compression ratio between InnoDB and TokuDB.

Everything goes well for some time, but after a few hours got an error message that can’t able to insert the data into the TokuDB table due to storage being full. It is so strange and the host has enough free space.


Table structure:-

mysql> show create table mydbops.tokudb\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: tokudb
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `tokudb` (
  `ID` int DEFAULT NULL,
  `Name` longtext,
  `Image` blob
) ENGINE=TokuDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci
1 row in set (2.18 sec)

mysql> show create table mydbops.innodb\G
*************************** 1. row …
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Handling case sensitive column in pt-archiver

To copy the data of the particular column of the table to another table/server, We have an option to export the data as CSV and import the data back to a different table. But when the table size is large and we need to copy the data only for the required data to the target table will cause the load in the server since the table scanning is huge.

To overcome this, we have the pt-archiver copy the data from the source table to the destination as a whole or only for required columns. And also we can do this in a controlled manner as well. So there will be no performance impact even on the production time.

Source table structure :

mysql> show create table source\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: source
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `source` (
  `id` int unsigned NOT NULL …
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InnoDB vs MyISAM: A Detailed Comparison of Two MySQL Storage Engines

If you are looking to improve the performance of MySQL databases in your software, you may need to know all the differences between InnoDB and MyISAM, two well-known types of MySQL storage engines. And if you are about to choose one of them, we believe you would like to find out what each of them […]

The post InnoDB vs MyISAM: A Detailed Comparison of Two MySQL Storage Engines appeared first on Devart Blog.

MySQL 8.0 – InnoDB Parallel Threads for Online DDL Operations

MySQL 8.0.27 introduced a new variable to control the maximum of parallel threads InnoDB can use for creating (sorting and building) secondary indexes: innodb_ddl_threads.

This new variable is coupled with another new variable: innodb_ddl_buffer_size.

If you have fast storage and multiple CPU cores, tuning these variables can speed up secondary index creation.

For this example, I used the airportdb database, and I added a secondary index to the largest table, booking.

Let’s start with the default settings:

 SQL  alter table …
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Faster Load data outfile in MySQL

While exporting the table with MySQL native utility, we don’t have any control on the process, and also there will be no progress update as well on the process completion. So when exporting the larger table will consume high resource utilization and also the disk space usage will also be high.

MySQL shell utility will make the process easier. It will export the table and we can import the data back with a parallel thread and also will provide the current progress status on export/import progress.

util.exportTable() utility was introduced in Shell – 8.0.22 version, will export the data in a controlled manner. We can store the data in either local or Cloud Infrastructure Object Storage bucket as well.

We will see about the compression ratio along with the time taken for native MySQL vs Shell utility

Feature :

  • Compression
  • Progress status
  • Supported output …
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Troubleshooting an unique key addition during pt-online-schema-change

We all tried various alternative methods for modifying the table structure, but pt-online-schema-change (pt-osc) is the most convenient and preferred method for performing the alter online. It has more granular control too. But it may lead to data loss if proper precautionary steps are not taken care of.

In this blog, we are going to modify a column to a unique key using pt-osc, below I have shared the table structure.

mysql> show create table test\G
* 1. row *
Table: test
Create Table: CREATE TABLE test (
Personid int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
LastName varchar(255) NOT NULL,
FirstName varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
Age int(11) DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (Personid)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

I have inserted the data of 1000 rows using …

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What if … MySQL’s Repeatable Reads Cause You to Lose Money?

Well, let me say if that happens it’s because there is a logic mistake in your application. But you need to know and understand what happens in MySQL to be able to avoid the problem. 

In short, the WHY of this article is to inform you about possible pitfalls and how to prevent them from causing you damage.

Let us start by having a short introduction to what Repeatable reads are about. Given I am extremely lazy, I am going to use (a lot) existing documentation from the MySQL documentation.

Transaction isolation is one of the foundations of database processing. Isolation is the I in the acronym ACID; the isolation level is the setting that fine-tunes the balance between performance and reliability, consistency, and reproducibility of results when multiple transactions are making changes and performing …

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MySQL 8.0 – locking details

Recently, I saw many interest in understanding and getting information about database locking.

MySQL InnoDB’s locking can be complex and having an overview not always simple.

For more information about how InnoDB locking is working, I can only recommend this excellent series of articles by Kuba:

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Making Aurora Write Latency 15x Higher (or More!) by Choosing a Bad Primary Key

Primary Key design is an important thing for InnoDB performance, and choosing a poor PK definition will have an impact on performance and also write propagation in databases. When this comes to Aurora, this impact is even worse than you may notice.

In short, we consider a poor definition of a Primary Key in InnoDB as “anything but quasi sequential values”, which may cause very random access to data and thus increase the IO dependency.

In this post, I’ll try to demonstrate the potential impact of the primary key design when running on Aurora, and how a bad design can lead to a 15x write latency penalty (or more).

The Analysis

Recently I worked on a case where a customer was having issues with scaling writes in Aurora MySQL. While this is a known limitation in Aurora considering how the distributed storage layer syncs out data among all nodes of the cluster, we observed additional latency occurring when more …

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Locking SELECT with CREATE TABLE, INSERT INTO, and User Variables

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Locking is an important concept in databases. They help regulate access to the data, so your SELECT queries return consistent results and DML and DDL statements leave the data and schema in a consistent state. For the data, there are four different transaction isolation levels that influence which locks are taken. The most two commonly used isolation levels are REPEATABLE READ (the default in InnoDB) and READ COMMITTED (the default in some other databases). Both of those are said to provide non-locking reads, but there is a little more to it than that.

Selecting into a user variable causing a lock wait timeout.

One case where reads are always locking is when you explicitly requests …

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