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Displaying posts with tag: innodb (reset)
MySQL 101: Tuning MySQL After Upgrading Memory

In this post, we will discuss what to do when you add more memory to your instance. Adding memory to a server where MySQL is running is common practice when scaling resources.

First, Some Context

Scaling resources is just adding more resources to your environment, and this can be split in two main ways: vertical scaling and horizontal scaling.

Vertical scaling is increasing hardware capacity for a given instance, thus having a more powerful server, while horizontal scaling is adding more servers, a pretty standard approach for load balancing and sharding.

As traffic grows, working datasets are getting bigger, and thus we start to suffer because the data that doesn’t fit into memory has to be retrieved from disk. This is a costly operation, even with modern NVME drives, so at some point, we will need to deal with either of the scaling solutions we mentioned.

In this case, we will discuss adding more …

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Efficient Use Of Indexes In MySQL

These are the slides of the “Efficient Use Of Indexes In MySQL” talk we delivered on the SFMySQL Meetup.

This is an introductory talk for developers on MySQL indexes. In my opinion, it’s quite important to understand how InnoDB organizes data. If you know how MySQL accesses data, it’s easier to write optimal queries.

When working with queries, I imagine secondary indexes as a table with records sorted by secondary key fields. This is a powerful concept that helps to understand the MySQL logic. It’s also easy to understand complex optimizations like loose index scan.

For example, for index (last_name, rank) the secondary index table looks like:

Enjoy the slides!

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More on Checkpoints in InnoDB MySQL 8

Recently I posted about checkpointing in MySQL, where MySQL showed interesting “wave” behavior.

Soon after Dimitri posted a solution with how to fix “waves,” and I would like to dig a little more into proposed suggestions, as there are some materials to process.

This post will be very heavy on InnoDB configuration, so let’s start with the basic configuration for MySQL, but before that some initial environment.

I use MySQL version 8.0.21 on the hardware as described here

As for the storage, I am not using some “old dusty SSD”, but production available Enterprise-Grade Intel SATA SSD …

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MySQL 8.0.19 InnoDB ReplicaSet Configuration and Manual Switchover

InnoDB ReplicaSet was introduced from MySQL 8.0.19. It works based on the MySQL asynchronous replication. Generally, InnoDB ReplicaSet does not provide high availability on its own like InnoDB Cluster, because with InnoDB ReplicaSet we need to perform the manual failover. AdminAPI includes the support for the InnoDB ReplicaSet. We can operate the InnoDB ReplicaSet using the MySQL shell. 

  • InnoDB cluster is the combination of MySQL shell and Group replication and MySQL router
  • InnoDB ReplicaSet is the combination of MySQL shell and MySQL traditional async replication and MySQL router

Why InnoDB ReplicaSet?

  • You can manually perform the switchover and failover with InnoDB ReplicaSet
  • You can easily add the new node to your replication environment. InnoDB ReplicaSet helps with data provisioning (using MySQL clone plugin) and setting up the replication.

In this …

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MySQL Performance : Understanding InnoDB IO Internals & "Checkpointing"

Few weeks ago with a big curiosity I was reading several articles published by Percona about TPCC Benchmark results and MySQL 8.0 "checkpointing" issues..

Unfortunately, in these articles there was no any explanation nor any tentative to understand what is going on, an probably at least try and validate some "first coming in mind" tuning / troubleshooting options.. (And even no any try to show in action so often advertised PMM, and see on what it'll point ?)..

All in all, in the following article I'll try to feel up the "white holes" left in this TPCC testing..

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New Consistency for Datafile Locations in MySQL 8.0.21

When you create a general tablespace in MySQL 8.0, you can choose the directory where the associated datafile is created.

CREATE TABLESPACE tablespace_name ADD DATAFILE ‘/my/table/space/dir’;

However, that directory must be known to InnoDB. Known directories are defined by the following settings: datadirinnodb_data_home_dirinnodb_undo_directory  &  innodb_directories.…

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The Transaction Behavior Impact of innodb_rollback_on_timeout in MySQL

I would say that innodb_rollback_on_timeout is a very important parameter. In this blog, I am going to explain “innodb_rollback_on_timeout” and how it affects the transaction behavior at the MySQL level. I describe two scenarios with practical tests, as it would be helpful to understand this parameter better.

What is innodb_rollback_on_timeout?

The parameter Innodb_rollback_on_timeout will control the behavior of the transaction when a failure occurs with timeout.

  • If –innodb-rollback-on-timeout=OFF ( default ) is specified, InnoDB rollbacks only the last statement on a transaction timeout.
  • If –innodb-rollback-on-timeout=ON is specified, a transaction timeout causes InnoDB to abort and roll back the entire transaction.

Let’s conduct the test with the …

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Changes that I like in the new MySQL 8.0.21

A new release of MySQL was out on July 13 (8.0.21).
Among all the changes, there are some that I have already tested and that I really appreciate.

Who stopped the MySQL server?

In previous releases, I can already see in the error log file who stopped the MySQL server if this was done through the shutdown statement.
In MySQL 8.0.20:

mysql> shutdown;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> exit;
# tail -2 /u01/app/mysql/admin/mysqld2/log/mysqld2.err
2020-07-23T20:39:08.049064+02:00 9 [System] [MY-013172] [Server] Received SHUTDOWN from user root. Shutting down mysqld (Version: 8.0.20).
2020-07-23T20:39:09.796726+02:00 0 [System] [MY-010910] [Server] /u01/app/mysql/product/mysql-8.0.20/bin/mysqld: Shutdown complete (mysqld 8.0.20)  MySQL Community Server - GPL.

In MySQL 8.0.21:

mysql> …
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MySQL Performance : TPCC "Mystery" [SOLVED]

The TPCC workload "mystery" exposed in the following post was already clarified the last year, and I've presented explanations about the observed problem during PerconaLIVE-2019. But slides are slides, while article is article ;-)) So, I decided to take a time to write a few lines more about, to keep this post as a reference for further TPCC investigations..

The "mystery" is related to observed scalability issues on MySQL 8.0 under the given TPCC workload -- just that on the old aged DBT-2 workload (TPCC variation) I was getting much higher TPS when running on 2 CPU Sockets, comparing to1 CPU Socket, which is was not at all the case for Sysbench-TPCC.

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An Overview to InnoDB Undo Log

As the name indicates, an undo log record contains information about how to undo the recent changes by a transaction. When a transaction writes data, it always makes writes on the tablespace files. InnoDB Undo log stores copy of data that is being modified by any current transaction. So, at this point in time if any other transaction queries for the original data (row) which is being modified,  the undo logs provide the same and serve the purpose. This is what provides a consistent read view ( based on isolation ) during any data modifications.

Here in the above representation, Transaction T1 modifies the data (Data-1). During the time of modification to ensure the reads are consistent, transactions T2  and T3 are given access only to the copy (previous row version) of Data -1 which is stored in the “UNDO” …

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