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Displaying posts with tag: monitoring (reset)
A Simple MySQL Plugin to Retrieve System Metrics

Ever wanted to extend MySQL and add some feature you think it is missing?  With MySQL plugins, you can do exactly that.  One thing that has bothered me for several years is that you cannot easily retrieve system metrics from within MySQL.  Whether I am connecting via a remote connection or looking to add features to monitoring without the need for another interface with the server, I have wanted to retrieve system metrics without leaving the MySQL interface.

So, I started a Proof of Concept for this.  My goal was to get metrics such as RAM (total, used, free), system load, CPU utilization, disk utilization for the file system containing the datadir, and more.  My objective was to do this as efficiently within MySQL as possible.  For this, I chose to utilize standard C libraries in as few lines of code as possible without having to scrape system files or run commands to get the data.  The …

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Preventing MySQL Error 1040: Too Many Connections

One of the most common errors encountered in the MySQL world at large is the infamous Error 1040:

ERROR 1040 (00000): Too many connections

What this means in practical terms is that a MySQL instance has reached its maximum allowable limit for client connections.  Until connections are closed, no new connection will be accepted by the server.

I’d like to discuss some practical advice for preventing this situation, or if you find yourself in it, how to recover.

Accurately Tune the max_connections Parameter

This setting defines the maximum number of connections that a MySQL instance will accept.  Considerations on “why” you would want to even have a max number of connections are based on resources available to the server and application usage patterns.  Allowing uncontrolled connections can crash a server, which may be considered “worse” than preventing further …

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MySQL 101: Parameters to Tune for MySQL Performance

While there is no magic bullet for MySQL tuning, there are a few areas that can be focused on upfront that can dramatically improve the performance of your MySQL installation. While much information has been published on this topic over the years, I wanted to break down some of the more critical settings that anyone can implement with no guesswork required.

Depending on the version of MySQL you are running, some of the default values used in this post may differ from your install, but the premise is still largely the same.

Initial MySQL performance tuning can be broken down to the following categories:

  • Tuning for your hardware
  • Tuning for best performance / best practices
  • Tuning for your workload

Tuning MySQL for Your Hardware

Depending on the hardware you have installed MySQL on, some …

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Percona Server for MySQL Highlights – Extended Slow Query Logging

Last year, I made the first post in a small series, which aimed to highlight unique features of Percona Server for MySQL, by discussing binlog_space_limit option.

Today, I am going to discuss another important type of log available in MySQL that is enhanced in Percona Server for MySQL – the slow query log. The reason why I am doing this is that although this extension has existed since the very early times of versions 5.1 (over 10 years ago!), many people are still unaware of it, which I see from time to time when working with Support customers.

Default Slow Log Inadequacy

How many times have you been wondering why, whilst reviewing slow query logs, the very same query occasionally runs way slower than usual? There may be many reasons for that, but the standard slow …

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MySQL 101: How to Find and Tune a Slow SQL Query

One of the most common support tickets we get at Percona is the infamous “database is running slower” ticket.  While this can be caused by a multitude of factors, it is more often than not caused by a bad query.  While everyone always hopes to recover through some quick config tuning, the real fix is to identify and fix the problem query.  Sure, we can generally alleviate some pain by throwing more resources at the server.  But this is almost always a short term bandaid and not the proper fix.

With Percona Monitoring and Management

So how do we find the queries causing problems and fix them?  If you have Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM) installed, the identification process is swift.  With the Query Analytics enabled (QAN) in PMM, you can simply look at the table …

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Extending Percona Monitoring and Management for MySQL InnoDB Cluster with Custom Queries

A few days ago, a customer got in touch asking how they could use Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM) to monitor the roles played by each node in an InnoDB cluster. More specifically, they wanted to check when one of the nodes changed its role from Primary to Secondary, or vice-versa. PMM allows for a high level of flexibility and customization through its support for custom queries, and we just have to be creative on how we approach the problem. In this post, we present the steps we did to test our solution, including the deployment of a 3-node InnoDB Cluster hosted in the same server (for testing) and a PMM 2 server, and connecting them together. Even though this has already been covered in other blog …

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RED Method for MySQL Performance Analyses

The RED Method (Rate, Errors, Duration) is one of the more popular performance monitoring approaches.  It is often applied to Monitoring Microservices though there is nothing that prevents it from being applied to databases like MySQL.

In Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM) v2 we have all the required information stored in the ClickHouse database, and with the built-in ClickHouse datasource it is a matter of creating a dashboard to visualize the data.

While I was editing the dashboard, I added a few other panels, beyond what RED Method requires, in order to show some of the cool things you can do with Grafana + ClickHouse data source and …

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Running Custom MySQL Queries in Percona Monitoring and Management

Even though Percona Monitoring and Management 2 (PMM) comes with a lot of dashboards and metrics out of the box, sometimes we need to extend the default metrics by running custom MySQL queries.

For example, suppose you want to have information about cached indexes from Innodb tables from innodb_cached_indexes table. That metric is not being captured by any default dashboard, but it is possible to extend PMM and make it capture the result of custom queries.

Getting Started With Custom Queries

Custom queries can be added to mysqld_exporter by adding them to the appropriate config file in /usr/local/percona/pmm2/collectors/custom-queries/mysql. There are three subdirectories inside it: high-resolution, low-resolution, and medium-resolution. PMM allows …

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SQL Query Formatting Tools Used At Percona

Percona engineers often need to analyze and review complex SQL database queries. Good formatting can make these SQL queries much easier to understand and work with. Without clear formatting, queries can become confusing and hard to debug.

Online query formatting services provide one set of solutions. Examples are Code Beautify, FreeFormatter, and sqlformat.org. However, many users are not comfortable sharing their queries with third-party services, especially if your SQL code contains confidential information.

This article examines alternatives to online tools for SQL query formatting tools that have been successfully used by Percona engineers. These solutions come in different types:

  1. Plug-ins to your code editor or …
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[Warning] InnoDB: Difficult to Find Free Blocks in the Buffer Pool

A couple of weeks ago, one of our customers reached us asking about the WARNING messages in their MySQL error log. After a while, there were a few more requests from some other customers asking whether to worry about these messages or not. In this post, I am going to write about the condition at which this WARNING message is written into the log and will explain some of the fundamentals behind the scene.

Look at the warningmber message which appears in the MySQL error log. It says it’s difficult to find a free block in the buffer pool and searched through the pool in a loop for 336 times. This is something weird to imagine; why would it have to go in a loop so many times? Let’s try to understand this.

[Warning] InnoDB: Difficult to find free blocks in the buffer pool (336 search iterations)! 0 failed attempts to flush a page! Consider increasing the buffer pool size. It is also possible that in your Unix version …

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