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Displaying posts with tag: Insight for DBAs (reset)
How To Best Use Percona Server Column Compression With Dictionary

Very often, database performance is affected by the inability to cache all the required data in memory. Disk IO, even when using the fastest devices, takes much more time than a memory access. With MySQL/InnoDB, the main memory cache is the InnoDB buffer pool. There are many strategies we can try to fit as much data as possible in the buffer pool, and one of them is data compression.

With regular MySQL, to compress InnoDB data you can either use “Barracuda page compression” or “transparent page compression with punch holes”. The use of the ZFS filesystem is another possibility, but it is external to MySQL and doesn’t help with caching. All these solutions are transparent, but often they also have performance and management implications. If you are using Percona Server for MySQL, you have yet another option, “column …

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Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 Delivers Increased Reliability, Performance and Security

Percona released a Release Candidate (RC) version of Percona Server for MySQL 8.0, the company’s free, enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL Community Edition. Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 includes all the features of MySQL Community Edition 8.0, along with enterprise-class features from Percona that make it ideal for enterprise production environments. The latest release offers increased reliability, performance and security.

Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 General Availability (GA) will be available later this year. You learn how to install the release candidate software here. Please …

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Reclaiming space on your Docker PMM server deployment

Recently we had a customer that had issues with a filled disk on the server hosting their Docker pmm-server environment. They were not able to access the web UI, or even stop the pmm-server container because they had filled the /var/ mount point.

Setting correct expectations

The best way to avoid these kinds of issues in the first place is to plan ahead, and to know exactly with what you are dealing with in terms of disk space requirements. Michael Coburn has written a great blogpost on this matter:

https://www.percona.com/blog/2017/05/04/how-much-disk-space-should-i-allocate-for-percona-monitoring-and-management/

We are now using …

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Identifying High Load Spots in MySQL Using Slow Query Log and pt-query-digest

pt-query-digest is one of the most commonly used tool when it comes to query auditing in MySQL®. By default, pt-query-digest reports the top ten queries consuming the most amount of time inside MySQL. A query that takes more time than the set threshold for completion is considered slow but it’s not always true that tuning such queries makes them faster. Sometimes, when resources on server are busy, it will impact every other operation on the server, and so will impact queries too. In such cases, you will see the proportion of slow queries goes up. That can also include queries that work fine in general.

This article explains a small trick to identify such spots using pt-query-digest and the slow query log. pt-query-digest is a component of …

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How to Fix ProxySQL Configuration When it Won’t Start

With the exception of the three configuration variables described here, ProxySQL will only parse the configuration files the first time it is started, or if the proxysql.db file is missing for some other reason.

If we want to change any of this data we need to do so via ProxySQL’s admin interface and then save them to disk. That’s fine if ProxySQL is running, but what if it won’t start because of these values?

For example, perhaps we accidentally configured ProxySQL to run on port 3306 and restarted it, but there’s already a production MySQL instance running on this port. ProxySQL won’t start, so we can’t edit the value that way:

2018-10-02 09:18:33 network.cpp:53:listen_on_port(): [ERROR] bind(): Address already in use

We could delete proxysql.db and have it reload the configuration files, but …

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Instrumenting Read Only Transactions in InnoDB

Probably not well known but quite an important optimization was introduced in MySQL 5.6 – reduced overhead for “read only transactions”. While usually by a “transaction” we mean a query or a group of queries that change data, with transaction engines like InnoDB, every data read or write operation is a transaction.

Now, as a non-locking read operation obviously has less impact on the data, it does not need all the instrumenting overhead a write transaction has. The main thing that can be avoided, as described by documentation, is the transaction ID. So, since MySQL 5.6, a read only transaction does not have a transaction ID. Moreover, such a transaction is not visible in the SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS output, though I will not go deeper on what really that means under the hood in this article. The fact is that this optimization …

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Persistence of autoinc fixed in MySQL 8.0

The release of MySQL 8.0 has brought a lot of bold implementations that touched on things that have been avoided before, such as added support for common table expressions and window functions. Another example is the change in how AUTO_INCREMENT (autoinc) sequences are persisted, and thus replicated.

This new implementation carries the fix for bug #73563 (Replace result in auto_increment value less or equal than max value in row-based), which we’ve only found about recently. The surprising part is that the use case we were analyzing is a somewhat common one; this must be affecting a good number of people out there.

Understanding the bug

The business logic of the use case is such the UNIQUE column found in a table whose id is managed by an AUTO_INCREMENT sequence needs to be updated, and this is done with a …

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The Importance of mysqlbinlog –version

When deciding on your backup strategy, one of the key components for Point In Time Recovery (PITR) will be the binary logs. Thankfully, the mysqlbinlog command allows you to easily take binary log backups, including those that would otherwise be encrypted on disk using encrypt_binlog=ON.

When

mysqlbinlog

  is used with

--raw --read-from-remote-server --stop-never --verify-binlog-checksum

  then it will retrieve binary logs from whichever master it is pointed to, and store …

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Finding Table Differences on Nullable Columns Using MySQL Generated Columns

Some time ago, a customer had a performance issue with an internal process. He was comparing, finding, and reporting the rows that were different between two tables. This is simple if you use a LEFT JOIN and an 

IS NULL

  comparison over the second table in the WHERE clause, but what if the column could be null? That is why he used UNION, GROUP BY and a HAVING clauses, which resulted in poor performance.

The challenge was to be able to compare each row using a LEFT JOIN over NULL values.

The challenge in more detail

I’m not going to use the customer’s real table. Instead, I will be comparing two sysbench tables with the same structure:

CREATE TABLE `sbtest1` (
  `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `k` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT NULL,
  `c` char(120) DEFAULT NULL,
  `pad` char(60) DEFAULT NULL, …
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ClickHouse: Two Years!

Following my post from a year ago https://www.percona.com/blog/2017/07/06/clickhouse-one-year/, I wanted to review what happened in ClickHouse during this year.
There is indeed some interesting news to share.

1. ClickHouse in DB-Engines Ranking. It did not quite get into the top 100, but the gain from position 174 to 106 is still impressive. Its DB-Engines Ranking score tripled from 0.54 last September to 1.57 this September

And indeed, in my conversation with customers and partners, the narrative has changed from: “ClickHouse, what is …

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