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Displaying posts with tag: Insight for Developers (reset)
UUIDs are Popular, but Bad for Performance — Let’s Discuss

If you do a quick web search about UUIDs and MySQL, you’ll get a fair number of results. Here are just a few examples:

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Column Histograms on Percona Server and MySQL 8.0

From time to time you may have experienced that MySQL was not able to find the best execution plan for a query. You felt the query should have been faster. You felt that something didn’t work, but you didn’t realize exactly what.

Maybe some of you did tests and discovered there was a better execution plan that MySQL wasn’t able to find (forcing the order of the tables with STRAIGHT_JOIN for example).

In this article, we’ll see a new interesting feature available on MySQL 8.0 as well as Percona Server for MySQL 8.0: the histogram-based statistics.

Today, we’ll see what a histogram is, how you can create and manage it, and how MySQL’s optimizer can use it.

Just for completeness, histogram statistics have been available on MariaDB since version 10.0.2, with a slightly different …

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Stored Functions and Temporary Tables are Not a Good Fit

In this blog post, I am going to show why we have to be careful with stored functions in select list, as a single query can cause thousands of queries in the background if we aren’t cautious.

For this example, I am only going to use the SLEEP function to demonstrate the issue, but you could use any other stored functions.

Here is the test schema and data:

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS t1;
CREATE TABLE t1 (
 id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY auto_increment,
 gcol INT NOT NULL,
 fcol INT NOT NULL,
 INDEX (gcol)
);
INSERT INTO t1 VALUES (NULL,1,1),(NULL,2,1),(NULL,3,1),(NULL,4,2),(NULL,5,1);

And the first query:

mysql [localhost] {msandbox} (test) > SELECT gcol, SLEEP(1) FROM t1 WHERE 1 GROUP BY gcol LIMIT 1;
+------+----------+
| gcol | SLEEP(1) |
+------+----------+
|    1 |        0 |
+------+----------+
1 row in set (1.00 sec)

The query takes one second, which means the …

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MySQL InnoDB Sorted Index Builds

It’s not essential to understand how MySQL® and Percona Server for MySQL build indexes. However, if you have an understanding of the processing, it could help when you want to reserve an appropriate amount of space for data inserts. From MySQL 5.7, developers changed the way they built secondary indexes for InnoDB, applying a bottom-up rather than the top-down approach used in earlier releases. In this post, I’ll walk through an example to show how an InnoDB index is built. At the end, I’ll explain how you can use this understanding to set an appropriate value for innodb_fill_factor.

Index building process

To build an index on a table with existing data, there are the following phases in InnoDB

  1. Read phase (read from clustered index and build secondary index entries)
  2. Merge sort phase
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Creating Custom Sysbench Scripts

Sysbench has long been established as the de facto standard when it comes to benchmarking MySQL performance. Percona relies on it daily, and even Oracle uses it when blogging about new features in MySQL 8. Sysbench comes with several pre-defined benchmarking tests. These tests are written in an easy-to-understand scripting language called Lua. Some of these tests are called: oltp_read_write, oltp_point_select, tpcc, oltp_insert. There are over ten such scripts to emulate various behaviors found in standard OLTP applications.

But what if your application does not fit the pattern of traditional OLTP? How can you continue to utilize the power of load-testing, benchmarking, …

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Upcoming Webinar Thurs 1/17: How to Rock with MyRocks

Please join Percona’s Chief Technology Officer, Vadim Tkachenko, as he presents How to Rock with MyRocks on Thursday, January 17th at 10:00 AM PDT (UTC-7) / 1:00 PM EDT (UTC-4).

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MyRocks is a new storage engine from Facebook and is available in Percona Server for MySQL. In what cases will you want to use it? We will check different workloads and when MyRocks is most suitable for you. Also, as for any new engine, it’s important to set it up and tune it properly. So, we will review the most important settings to pay attention to.

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Upcoming Webinar Wed 1/9: Walkthrough of Percona Server MySQL 8.0

Please join Percona’s MySQL Product Manager, Tyler Duzan as he presents Walkthrough of Percona Server MySQL 8.0 on Wednesday, January 9th at 11:00 AM PDT (UTC-7) / 2:00 PM (UTC-4).

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Our Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 software is the company’s free, enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL Community Edition. The software includes all of the great features in MySQL Community Edition 8.0. Additionally, it includes enterprise-class features from Percona made available free and open source. …

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Upcoming Webinar Wed 12/12: MySQL 8 for Developers

Please join Percona’s CEO Peter Zaitsev as he presents MySQL 8 for Developers on Wednesday, December 12th, 2018 at 11:00 AM PST (UTC-7) / 2:00 PM EST (UTC-5).

Register Now

There are many great new features in MySQL 8, but how exactly can they help your application? This session takes a practical look at MySQL 8 features. It also details which limitations of previous MySQL versions are overcome by MySQL 8. Lastly, what you can do with MySQL 8 that you could not have done before is discussed.

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Nondeterministic Functions in MySQL (i.e. rand) Can Surprise You

Working on a test case with sysbench, I encountered this:

mysql> select * from sbtest1 where id = round(rand()*10000, 0);
+------+--------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------+
| id   | k      | c                                                                                                                       | pad                                                         |
+------+--------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------+
|  179 | 499871 | 09833083632-34593445843-98203182724-77632394229-31240034691-22855093589-98577647071-95962909368-34814236148-76937610370 | 62233363025-41327474153-95482195752-11204169522-13131828192 |
| 1606 | 502031 | …
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MySQL High Availability: Stale Reads and How to Fix Them

Continuing on the series of blog posts about MySQL High Availability, today we will talk about stale reads and how to overcome this issue.

The Problem

Stale reads is a read operation that fetches an incorrect value from a source that has not synchronized an update operation to the value (source Wiktionary).

A practical scenario is when your application applies INSERT or UPDATE data to your master/writer node, and has to read it immediately after. If this particular read is served from another server in the replication/cluster topology, the data is either not there yet (in case of an INSERT) or it still provides the old value (in case of an UPDATE).

If your application or part of your application …

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