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Displaying posts with tag: Percona XtraBackup (reset)
Use Physical Backups With MySQL InnoDB Redo Log Archiving

In the world of data backup and security, physical backups play an extremely important role. Physical backup methods are faster than logical because they involve only file copying without conversion. This type of backup is suitable for large, important databases that need to be recovered quickly when problems occur.

Physical backups are the backups that consist of raw copies of the directories and files that store database contents. In addition to databases, the backup can include any related files, such as log or configuration files. Now, since backup speed and compactness are important for busy, important databases, Percona’s open source physical backup solution – Percona XtraBackup (PXB), takes into account all these aspects and benefits MySQL world with its exceptional capabilities!

This blog post will walk you through how PXB …

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The Deprecation of qpress/QuickLZ Compression Algorithm

To reduce the backup size, save storage space, and speed up the backup and restore process, you can compress a backup with Percona XtraBackup. The XtraBackup --compress option makes XtraBackup compress all output data, including the transaction log file and metadata files, with one of the supported compression

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20X Faster Backup Preparation With Percona XtraBackup 8.0.33-28!

In this blog post, we will describe the improvements to Percona XtraBackup 8.0.33-28 (PXB), which significantly reduces the time to prepare the backups before the restore operation. This improvement in Percona XtraBackup significantly reduces the time required for a new node to join the Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC).

Percona XtraDB Cluster uses Percona XtraBackup to do SST (State Snapshot Transfer) from one node to another. When a new node joins the cluster, SST is performed to receive the data from DONOR to the JOINER. JOINER uses PXB to stream the data directory from DONOR. JOINER must prepare the backup before using it. It is observed that when the DONOR has a huge number of tablespaces (one million),  XtraBackup on JOINER …

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Faster Streaming Backups – Introducing Percona XtraBackup FIFO Parallel Stream

When it comes to backups, there are several options for saving backup files. You can choose to save them locally on the same server, stream them to different servers, or store them in object storage. Percona XtraBackup facilitates streaming through the use of an auxiliary tool called xbcloud.

STDOUT Datasink

This diagram displays the process of streaming a backup to object storage utilizing the current STDOUT datasink:

  • XtraBackup spawns multiple copy threads. Each one will be reading a chunk of data from a specific file.
  • Each copy thread will write the chunk of data to a pipe (aka STDOUT).
  • Xbcloud will have a red thread that will be responsible for reading each chunk of data from STDIN. This chunk will be uploaded to object storage utilizing an async request, and a callback will be added to an …
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Backup and Restore Using MySQL Shell

MySQL Shell is an advanced client and code editor for MySQL. In addition to the provided SQL functionality, similar to MySQL, MySQL Shell provides scripting capabilities for JavaScript and Python and includes APIs for working with MySQL. The X DevAPI enables you to work with both relational and document data, and MySQL Shell 8.0 is highly recommended for use with MySQL Server 8.0 and 5.7.

MySQL Shell includes utilities for working with MySQL. To access the utilities from within MySQL Shell, use the util global object, which is available in JavaScript and Python modes, but not SQL mode. These are the utilities to take a backup; let’s see some basic commands.

  • util.dumpTables – Dump one or more tables from single database
  • util.dumpSchemas – Dump one or more databases
  • util.dumpInstance – Dump full instance
  • util.loadDump – Restore dump

1. Single table …

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Is My Backup Stuck? A Quick Guide for Reviewing Percona XtraBackup Threads

In Percona Managed Services, one key aspect of managing the databases is configuring backups. Percona XtraBackup is one of the best tools for performing physical database backups.

It is a good practice to compress the backups to save costs on storage and to encrypt the backups so those can’t be used if the files are compromised as long as you keep your encryption keys safe!

Percona XtraBackup supports both compression and encryption of the backups. When the data is too big (tens of TB and more), the backups can take several hours or even days to complete. In order to speed up the backup process along with the compression and encryption, we can use multiple threads. We can specify the number of threads to be used for each operation (copy, compression, …

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How To Set Up MySQL 8 Replica From Existing MySQL 5.7 Server With Percona XtraBackup

When we need to upgrade from MySQL 5.7 to MySQL 8, we could choose to do an in-place upgrade or set up another MySQL 8 server(s) from the existing running MySQL 5.7 replica.

This article will explain how to set up MySQL 8 as a replica from an existing MySQL 5.7 server with Percona XtraBackup.

In my lab, we have two test nodes:

PRIMARY:  mysql57 (    with   Percona Server 5.7 and  xtrabackup 2.4 installed
REPLICA:  mysql8    (   with  Percona Server 8  and   xtrabackup 8.0 installed

0. Pre-flight check with MySQL upgrade checker utility

Let’s run the MySQL upgrade checker utility to verify whether MySQL 5.7 server instances are ready for an upgrade.

MySQL  localhost  JS > util.checkForServerUpgrade('root@localhost:3306', {"password":"####", …
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Percona XtraBackup and MySQL 5.7 Queries in Waiting for Table Flush State

Percona XtraBackup is an open source hot backup utility for MySQL-based servers. To take consistent and hot backup, it uses various locking methods, especially for non-transactional storage engine tables. This blog post discusses the cause and possible solution for queries with ​Waiting for table flush state in processlist when taking backups using Percona XtraBackup. Only MySQL 5.7 version is affected by this, as per my tests.

Type of locks taken by Percona XtraBackup

Before discussing the main issue, let’s learn about the type of locks used by Percona XtraBackup to take consistent backups. Percona XtraBackup uses backup locks as a lightweight alternative to FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK. This feature is …

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Percona XtraBackup Now Supports IAM Instance Profile

Amazon instance profiles are used to pass IAM roles to an EC2 instance. This IAM role can be queried using EC2 instance metadata to access an S3 bucket. Please check Amazon’s Official Documentation for more information.

Today we are happy to announce that starting with Percona XtraBackup 8.0.31-24, xbcloud can read instance metadata and fetch credentials from an instance profile, utilizing it to authenticate against an S3 bucket. Xbcloud is a tool part of Percona XtraBackup and allows you to upload and download backups to Amazon S3 storage.

How it works

Configure your EC2 instance …

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Tale of a MySQL 8 Upgrade and Implications on Backup

Recently, we performed a database engine major version upgrade in one of our customers’ environments from MySQL 5.7.26 to 8.0.27. After this version upgrade, we experienced issues with backups and replication for one of the nodes.

In this article, I will explain these issues in detail and recommend a way to take backups from a replication environment.

To begin with, we upgraded all the database nodes from 5.7.26 to 8.0.27 and as a recommended way we have a backup set-up from one of the replica nodes. Physical backups are being taken using Percona XtraBackup (PXB) so it does not lock the database during the backup.

With MySQL 5.7, a backup was taken using PXB 2.4. Due to the new data dictionaries, redo log and undo log in MySQL 8.0, we also upgraded PXB to 8.0.27 to avoid …

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