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Displaying posts with tag: Percona XtraBackup (reset)
Percona XtraBackup 8.0.29 and INSTANT ADD/DROP Columns

Oracle’s MySQL 8.0.29 release extended the support for ALTER TABLE … ALGORITHM=INSTANT to 1) allow users to instantly add columns in any position of the table, and 2) instantly drop columns. As part of this work, the InnoDB redo log format has changed for all DML operations on the server. This new redo log format introduced a design flaw that can cause data corruption for tables with INSTANT ADD/DROP COLUMNS.

The corruption happens when InnoDB crash recovery takes place. InnoDB applies redo logs at startup. Percona XtraBackup copies the redo log during backup and applies it as part of the –prepare step to bring the backup to a consistent state.

Percona fixed the corruption issue and several other issues with the INSTANT ADD/DROP column …

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MySQL 8.0.29 and Percona XtraBackup Incompatibilities

Earlier last week, Oracle released their Q2 releases series. Unlike previous releases, backward compatibility has now been broken with previous versions of MySQL.

MySQL 8.0.29 extended the support for the online DDL algorithm INSTANT. Prior to 8.0.29 only adding columns to the end of the table was supported.

In 8.0.29, this functionality was extended to allow the INSTANT algorithm the ability to add columns in any position of the table as well to drop columns. This new functionality required the redo log version to increase and new redo log types to be added, thus making it incompatible with older versions of the MySQL server and also older versions of Percona Xtrabackup. Please note that an in-place minor version downgrade of …

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Using Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 and Percona XtraBackup 8.0 with HashiCorp Vault Enterprise KMIP Secrets Engine

KMIP (Key Management Interoperability Protocol) is an open standard developed by OASIS (Organization for Advancement of Structured Information Standards) for the encryption of stored data and cryptographic key management.

Percona Server for MySQL 8.0.27 and Percona XtraBackup 8.0.27 now include a KMIP keyring plugin to enable the exchange of cryptographic keys between a key management server and the database for encryption purposes. The procedure to use them with HashiCorp Vault Enterprise is described below.

Install Hashicorp Vault Enterprise

We will first install Hashicorp Vault Enterprise on Ubuntu Linux “Bionic” and then enable …

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Backup/Restore Performance Conclusion: mysqldump vs MySQL Shell Utilities vs mydumper vs mysqlpump vs XtraBackup

A little bit ago, I released a blog post comparing the backup performance of different MySQL tools such as mysqldump, the MySQL Shell feature called Instance Dump, mysqlpump, mydumper, and Percona XtraBackup. You can find the first analysis here:

Backup Performance Comparison: mysqldump vs. MySQL Shell Utilities vs. mydumper vs. mysqlpump vs. XtraBackup

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Percona XtraBackup Changing to Strict by Default

Backups are a key part of a disaster recovery strategy, making sure you can continue or restore your business in case of an unwanted event with your data.

We always work on trying to improve Percona XtraBackup reliability, always favoring consistency, attempting to make unwanted outcomes be noticed as earlier as possible in the process.

Enabling –strict by Default

As of the upcoming release of 8.0.27, XtraBackup will no longer accept invalid parameters. Since the beginning of the times, validation of parameters has been a difficult task for XtraBackup as it mixes server-side and XtraBackup only parameters.

Starting at Percona XtraBackup 8.0.7 we implemented …

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Percona XtraBackup for Windows

Don’t Try This at Home!

Disclaimer: The procedure described in this blog post is not officially supported by Percona XtraBackup. Use it under your responsibility. I tested and used it successfully, but your mileage may vary.

Note from the author: Wikipedia defines clickbait as text (or a link) that is designed to attract attention and to entice users to read that online content, with a defining characteristic of being deceptive. Maybe the headline of this post is a bit deceptive, as there is no Percona XtraBackup for Windows, but I hope you will not feel deceived after reading this blog post, I just felt that it was funny to use a clickbait-style while writing it.

He Couldn’t Believe it When He Read That Post!

Pep had to migrate a client database from Windows to Linux …

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Replay the Execution of MySQL With RR (Record and Replay)

Chasing bugs can be a tedious task, and multi-threaded software doesn’t make it any easier. Threads will be scheduled at different times, instructions will not have deterministic results, and in order for one to reproduce a particular issue, it might require the exact same threads, doing the exact same work, at the exact same time. As you can imagine, this is not straightforward.

Let’s say your database is crashing or even having a transient stall.  By the time you get to it, the crash has happened and you are stuck restoring service quickly and doing after-the-fact forensics.  Wouldn’t it be nice to replay the work from right before or during the crash and see exactly what was happening?

Record and Replay is a technique where we record the execution of a program allowing it to be replayed over and over producing the same result. Engineers at …

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Percona XtraBackup Point-In-Time Recovery for the Single Database

Recovering to a particular time in the past is called Point-In-Time Recovery (PITR). With PITR you can rollback unwanted DELETE without WHERE clause or any other harmful command.

PITR with Percona XtraBackup is pretty straightforward and perfectly described in the user manual. You need to restore the data from the backup, then apply all binary logs created or updated after the backup was taken, but skip harmful event(s).

However, if your data set is large you may want to recover only the affected database or table. This is possible but you need to be smart when filtering events from the binary log. In this post, I will show how to perform such a partial recovery using Percona XtraBackup, …

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Percona XtraBackup 8 Enables –lock-ddl by Default

Percona XtraBackup 8.0.23 enables the “lock-ddl” option by default to ensure any DDL events do not corrupt the backups. Any DML events continue to occur, and only DDL events are blocked.

A DDL lock protects the definition of tables and views. With the “–lock-ddl” option disabled, Percona XtraBackup allows backups while concurrent DDL events continue to happen. These backups are invalid and fail at the Prepare stage. If DDL events have occurred without the backup user’s knowledge, they may be unaware the backup is corrupt.

MySQL 8.0 introduced “Lock Instance for Backup”. This backup lock is lightweight, and the performance for DML operations is almost the same with or without backup locks. This lock is not available in 5.7, because …

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The MySQL Clone Wars: Plugin vs. Percona XtraBackup

Large replication topologies are quite common nowadays, and this kind of architecture often requires a quick method to rebuild a replica from another server.

The Clone Plugin, available since MySQL 8.0.17, is a great feature that allows cloning databases out of the box. It is easy to rebuild a replica or to add new nodes to a cluster using the plugin. Before the release of the plugin, the best open-source alternative was Percona XtraBackup for MySQL Databases.

In this blog post, we compare both alternatives for cloning purposes. If you need to perform backups, Percona XtraBackup is a better tool as it supports compression and incremental backups, among other features not provided by the plugin. The plugin supports compression only for network transmission, not for storage.

But one of the plugin’s strong points is simplicity. …

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