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How to Upgrade to MySQL 8.0 – Free Course at Percona University Online

MySQL 8.0 General Availability release was launched in April 2018, and since then there have been ten versions of MySQL 8 and Percona Server for MySQL released. The MySQL Community expressed a high opinion of the MySQL 8.0 advantages, so a lot of databases have been successfully upgraded to the new version. But many of them still need to be up to date.

Percona has prepared a free course “How to Upgrade to MySQL 8.0” that helps you with this task.

It is a series of useful videos for 3-4 minutes. At the end of the course, you can pass the QUIZ and get a certificate. 

Follow the link to take the course:  https://classroom.google.com/c/MTM2MDIyNDIzMDQy?cjc=zjsst4l

You can also join the course manually. Just open Google Classroom and click “Join class” and enter the code of the class “zjsst4l”. …

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How Much Memory Does the Process Really Take on Linux?

One of the questions you often will be faced with operating a Linux-based system is managing memory budget. If a program uses more memory than available you may get swapping to happen, oftentimes with a terrible performance impact, or have Out of Memory (OOM) Killer activated, killing process altogether.

Before adjusting memory usage, either by configuration, optimization, or just managing the load, it helps to know how much memory a given program really uses.

If your system runs essentially a single user program (there is always a bunch of system processes) it is easy.  For example, if I run a dedicated MySQL server on a system with 128GB of RAM I can use “used” as a good proxy of what is used and “available” as what can still be used.

root@rocky:/mnt/data2/mysql# free -h …
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MySQL 8.0.19 InnoDB ReplicaSet Configuration and Manual Switchover

InnoDB ReplicaSet was introduced from MySQL 8.0.19. It works based on the MySQL asynchronous replication. Generally, InnoDB ReplicaSet does not provide high availability on its own like InnoDB Cluster, because with InnoDB ReplicaSet we need to perform the manual failover. AdminAPI includes the support for the InnoDB ReplicaSet. We can operate the InnoDB ReplicaSet using the MySQL shell. 

  • InnoDB cluster is the combination of MySQL shell and Group replication and MySQL router
  • InnoDB ReplicaSet is the combination of MySQL shell and MySQL traditional async replication and MySQL router

Why InnoDB ReplicaSet?

  • You can manually perform the switchover and failover with InnoDB ReplicaSet
  • You can easily add the new node to your replication environment. InnoDB ReplicaSet helps with data provisioning (using MySQL clone plugin) and setting up the replication.

In this …

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Streaming Percona XtraBackup for MySQL to Multiple Destinations

Have you ever had to provision a large number of instances from a single backup? The most common use case is having to move to new hardware, but there are other scenarios as well. This kind of procedure can involve multiple backup/restore operations which can easily become a pain to administer. Let’s look at a potential way to make it easier using Percona Xtrabackup. The Percona XtraBackup tool provides a method of performing fast and reliable backups of your MySQL data while the system is running.

Leveraging Named Pipes

As per the Linux manual page, a FIFO special file (a named pipe) is similar to a pipe except that it is accessed as part of the filesystem. It can be opened by multiple processes for reading or writing.

For this …

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Aligning Percona XtraBackup Versions with Percona Server for MySQL

We are excited to let you know about two upcoming changes to Percona XtraBackup which will align Percona XtraBackup Versions with Percona Server for MySQL.  These changes are to bring Percona XtraBackup release naming line with Percona Server and MySQL and ensure Percona XtraBackup executes complete backups.

The first is a change to the naming structure of releases.  This change is something we believe will help when working with Percona products and is designed to position Percona XtraBackup to be in sync with the current release naming strategy of Percona Server for MySQL and Percona XtraDB Cluster.

The current naming structure of …

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Deadlock Troubleshooting in Percona Server for MySQL 5.7

Disclaimer: the following script only works for Percona Server for MySQL 5.7, and relies on enabling performance schema (PS) instrumentation which can add overhead on high concurrent systems, and is not intended for continuous production usage as it’s a POC (proof of concept).

Introduction

In Percona Support, we frequently receive tickets related to deadlocks and even though the deadlock concept is simple, troubleshooting might not be in all cases. 

As explained in How to Deal with MySQL Deadlocks, a deadlock occurs when two or more transactions mutually hold and request for locks, creating a cycle of dependencies. MySQL will detect deadlocks and kill one of the transactions (making it rollback), and the deadlock will be printed in SEIS (show engine innodb status). Limitations of using this approach …

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Smart Update Strategy in Percona Kubernetes Operator for Percona XtraDB Cluster

In Percona Kubernetes Operator for Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) versions prior to 1.5.0, there were two methods for upgrading PXC clusters, and both of these use built-in StatefulSet update strategies. The first one is manual (OnDelete update strategy) and the second one is semi-automatic (RollingUpdate strategy). Since the Kubernetes operator is about automating the database management, and there are use cases to always keep the database up to date, a new smart update strategy was implemented.

Smart Update Strategy

The smart update strategy can be used to enable automatic context-aware upgrades of PXC clusters between minor versions. One of the use cases for automatic upgrades is if you want to get security …

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How Can ScaleFlux Handle MySQL Workload?

Recently I had the opportunity to test a storage device from ScaleFlux called CSD 2000. In this blog post, I will share the results of using it to run MySQL in comparison with an Intel device that had a similar capacity.

First of all, why do we need another storage device? Why is ScaleFlux any different?

The answer is simple; it gives us built-in compression and atomic writes. For many workloads, but especially for database-type workloads, these are very important features.

Because of built-in compression, we can store more data on the ScaleFlux device than on a similar device with the same capacity.

Because of atomic writes, we can disable InnoDB Double Write buffer which means less writes/fsync on the disk layer. This should give us a performance advantage against non-atomic drives.

I ran many different tests on different data sizes, with different …

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Replication Between Two Percona XtraDB Clusters, GTIDs and Schema Changes

I got this question on the “How to Avoid Pitfalls in Schema Upgrade with Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC)” webinar and wanted to answer it in a separate post.

Will RSU have an effect on GTID consistency if replication PXC cluster to another cluster?

Answer for this: yes and no.

Galera assigns its own GTID for the operations, replicated to all nodes of the cluster. Such operations include DML (

INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE

 ) on InnoDB tables and DDL commands, executed with default TOI method. You can find more details on how GTIDs work in the Percona XtraDB Cluster in this blog post.

However, DDL commands, executed with RSU method, are …

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Updates to Percona Kubernetes Operator for Percona XtraDB Cluster

On July 21, 2020, Percona delivered an updated version of our Percona Kubernetes Operator for Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) focused on easing deployment and operations management of a clustered MySQL environment. Included in the Percona Distribution for MySQL, our Operator is based on the best practices for MySQL cluster configuration and setup in Kubernetes. This update adds a variety of important new features including:

Smart Update to Safely and Reliably Upgrade your PXC Environment Automatically
We implemented a new update strategy called Smart Update. Smart Update is aware of the context of your environment and minimizes the number of failover events that need to occur to fully upgrade a …

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