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MySQL Performance : TPCC "Mystery" [SOLVED]

The TPCC workload "mystery" exposed in the following post was already clarified the last year, and I've presented explanations about the observed problem during PerconaLIVE-2019. But slides are slides, while article is article ;-)) So, I decided to take a time to write a few lines more about, to keep this post as a reference for further TPCC investigations..

The "mystery" is related to observed scalability issues on MySQL 8.0 under the given TPCC workload -- just that on the old aged DBT-2 workload (TPCC variation) I was getting much higher TPS when running on 2 CPU Sockets, comparing to1 CPU Socket, which is was not at all the case for Sysbench-TPCC.

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MySQL Performance : XFS -vs- EXT4 Story

This post was remaining in stand-by for a long time, specially that I was expecting that observed issues will be fixed soon. But time is going, and the problems are remaining. And I'm constantly asked "why, Dimitri, you're suggesting now to use XFS, while in the past you always suggested EXT4 ??" -- hope the following article will clarify you the "why" and maybe motivate you to do your own evaluations to see how well the things are working for you on your own systems under your own workloads..

NOTE : this will also clarify why the new Double Write did not appear in MySQL 8.0 in 2018, as it was planned, but only recently (http://dimitrik.free.fr/blog/posts/mysql-80-perf-new-dblwr.html)

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MySQL Performance : The New InnoDB Double Write Buffer in Action

The new MySQL-8.0.20 release is coming with re-designed InnoDB Double Write Buffer (DBLWR), and, indeed, it's one huge historical PITA less.. -- why it was so painful and cost us much blood in the past, I could not better explain than already done it in the following article yet from 2018 about MySQL on IO-bound workloads.. The story is not complete, as it's missing the 2019's chapter (will tell it later, np) -- but if you'll (re)read the mentioned above article first, you'll better understand the next ;-))

But at least the current post is only about good news now -- the new DBLWR and how it helps to solve historical MySQL performance problems ! -- and as one picture is better than million words, I'll try to save 3M words here (as there are 3 pictures in this article ;-))

Well, I'll also skip all new design details …

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Benchmarking: More Stable Results with CPU Affinity Setting

When I run a benchmark and want to measure the CPU efficiency of something, I find it’s often a good choice to run a benchmark program, as well as the database, on the same server. This is in order to eliminate network impact and to look at single-thread performance, to eliminate contention.

Usually, this approach gives rather stable results; for example, benchmarking MySQL with Sysbench OLTP Read-Only workload I get a variance of less than one percent between 1-minute runs.

In this case, though, I was seeing some 20 percent difference between the runs, which looked pretty random and would not go away even with longer 10-minute runs.

The benchmark I did was benchmarking MySQL through ProxySQL (all running on the same machine):

Sysbench -> ProxySQL -> MySQL 

As I thought more about possible reasons, I thought CPU scheduling might be a problem. As requests pass …

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Need to Connect to a Local MySQL Server? Use Unix Domain Socket!

When connecting to a local MySQL instance, you have two commonly used methods: use TCP/IP protocol to connect to local address –  “localhost” or 127.0.0.1  – or use Unix Domain Socket.

If you have a choice (if your application supports both methods), use Unix Domain Socket as this is both more secure and more efficient.

How much more efficient, though?  I have not looked at this topic in years, so let’s see how a modern MySQL version does on relatively modern hardware and modern Linux.

Benchmarking  TCP/IP Connection vs Unix Domain Socket for MySQL

I’m testing Percona Server for MySQL 8.0.19 running on Ubuntu 18.04 on a Dual Socket 28 Core/56 Threads Server.  (Though I have validated results on 4 …

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Evaluating Group Replication Scaling for I/O Bound Workloads

In this post, I want to evaluate Group Replication Scaling capabilities in cases when we increase the number of nodes and increase user connections. While this setup is identical to that in my post “Evaluating Group Replication Scaling Capabilities in MySQL”,  in this case, I will use an I/O bound workload.

For this test, I will deploy multi-node bare metal servers, where each node and client are dedicated to an individual server and connected between themselves by a 10Gb network.

Also, I will use 3-nodes and 5-nodes Group Replication setup. In both cases, the load is directed only to ONE node, but I expect with five nodes there is some additional overhead from replication.

Hardware specifications:

System | Supermicro; SYS-F619P2-RTN; v0123456789 (Other)
Service Tag | …
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Evaluating Group Replication with Multiple Writers in MySQL

In this blog, I want to evaluate Group Replication Scaling capabilities to handle several writers, that is, when the read-write connection is established to multiple nodes, and in this case, two nodes. This setup is identical to my previous post, Evaluating Group Replication Scaling Capabilities in MySQL.

For this test, I deploy multi-node bare metal servers, where each node and client are dedicated to an individual server and connected between themselves by a 10Gb network.

I use the 3-nodes Group Replication setup.

Hardware specifications:

System | Supermicro; SYS-F619P2-RTN; v0123456789 (Other)
Service Tag | S292592X0110239C
   Platform | Linux
    Release | Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS (bionic)
     Kernel | 5.3.0-42-generic
Architecture | CPU = 64-bit, OS = 64-bit
  Threading | NPTL 2.27 …
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Evaluating Group Replication Scaling Capabilities in MySQL

In this blog, I want to evaluate Group Replication Scaling capabilities in cases when we increase the number of nodes and increase user connections.

For testing, I will deploy multi-node bare metal servers, where each node and client are dedicated to an individual server and connected between themselves by a 10Gb network.

Also, I will use 3-nodes and 5-nodes Group Replication setup.

Hardware specifications:

System | Supermicro; SYS-F619P2-RTN; v0123456789 (Other)
Service Tag | S292592X0110239C
   Platform | Linux
    Release | Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS (bionic)
     Kernel | 5.3.0-42-generic
Architecture | CPU = 64-bit, OS = 64-bit
  Threading | NPTL 2.27
    SELinux | No SELinux detected
Virtualized | No virtualization detected
# Processor ##################################################
 Processors | physical = 2, cores = 40, virtual = 80, hyperthreading = yes
     Models | 80xIntel(R) Xeon(R) Gold 6230 CPU @ …
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Which Cloud Provider Performs Better for My Mysql Workload?

More and more people are nowadays thinking of cloud migration. The question of “Which cloud provider performs better for my MySQL workload?” is really common but cannot always be easily answered. However, there are ways to come up with an answer. This question also applies when thinking of moving to any provider, not necessarily a cloud one or DBaaS.

The Problem

The most reliable conclusion can be found if you have a testing environment that is fully identical and can produce the same amount of traffic compared to your production version. In this case, the comparison should be straightforward as what you have to do is point your testing environment against the under-evaluation (cloud) providers, and evaluate the differences in performance. But this is not always easy, as many organizations do not have such environments or it’s not always possible to replay all traffic.

The Idea

In this …

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Sysbench and the Random Distribution Effect

What You May Not Know About Random Number Generation in Sysbench

Sysbench is a well known and largely used tool to perform benchmarking. Originally written by Peter Zaitsev in early 2000, it has become a de facto standard when performing testing and benchmarking. Nowadays it is maintained by Alexey Kopytov and can be found in Github at https://github.com/akopytov/sysbench.

What I have noticed though, is that while widely-used, some aspects of sysbench are not really familiar to many. For instance, the easy way to expand/modify the MySQL tests is using the lua extension, or the embedded way it handles the random number generation. 

Why This Article? 

I wrote this article with the intent to show how easy it can be to customize sysbench to make it what you need. There are many different ways to extend sysbench use, and one of these is …

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