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Displaying posts with tag: Benchmarks (reset)
Why Consumer SSD Reviews are Useless for Database Performance Use Case

If you’re reading consumer SSD reviews and using them to estimate SSD performance under database workloads, you’d better stop. Databases are not your typical consumer applications and they do not use IO in the same way.

Let’s look, for example, at this excellent AnandTech review of Samsung 960 Pro –  a consumer NVMe device that I happen to have in my test lab.

The summary table is actually great, showing the performance both at Queue Depth 1 (single threaded) as well as Queue Depth 32 – a pretty heavy concurrent load.

Even at QD1 we see 50K (4K) writes per second, which should be enough for pretty serious database workloads.

In reality, though, you might be in for some disappointing surprises. While “normal” buffered IO is indeed quite fast, this drive really hates fsync() calls, with a single thread …

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On MySQL and Intel Optane performance

Recently, Dimitri published the results of measuring MySQL 8.0 on Intel Optane storage device. In this blog post, I wanted to look at this in more detail and explore the performance of MySQL 8, MySQL 5.7 and Percona Server for MySQL using a similar set up. The Intel Optane is a very capable device, so I was puzzled that Dimitri chose MySQL options that are either not safe or not recommended for production workloads.

Since we have an Intel Optane in our labs, I wanted to run a similar benchmark, but using settings that we would recommend our customers to use, namely:

  • use innodb_checksum
  • use innodb_doublewrite
  • use binary logs with sync_binlog=1
  • enable (by default) Performance …
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Why MySQL Stored Procedures, Functions and Triggers Are Bad For Performance

MySQL stored procedures, functions and triggers are tempting constructs for application developers. However, as I discovered, there can be an impact on database performance when using MySQL stored routines. Not being entirely sure of what I was seeing during a customer visit, I set out to create some simple tests to measure the impact of triggers on database performance. The outcome might surprise you.

Why stored routines are not optimal performance wise: short version

Recently, I worked with a customer to profile the performance of triggers and stored routines. What I’ve learned about stored routines: “dead” code (the code in a branch which will never run) can still significantly slow down the response time of a function/procedure/trigger. We will need to be careful to clean up what we do not need.

Profiling MySQL stored functions

Let’s compare these four simple stored functions (in MySQL 5.7): …

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AMD EPYC Performance Testing… or Don’t get on the wrong side of SystemD

Ever since AMD released their EPYC CPU for servers I wanted to test it, but I did not have the opportunity until recently, when Packet.net started offering bare metal servers for a reasonable price. So I started a couple of instances to test Percona Server for MySQL under this CPU. In this benchmark, I discovered some interesting discrepancies in performance between  AMD and Intel CPUs when running under systemd .

The set up

To test CPU performance, I used a read-only in-memory sysbench OLTP benchmark, as it burns CPU cycles and no IO is performed by Percona Server.

For this benchmark I used Packet.net c2.medium.x86 instances powered by AMD EPYC …

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MySQL Performance : 8.0 GA on IO-bound TPCC

This post is mainly inspired by findings from the previous testing of MySQL 8.0 on TPCC workload(s) and observations from IO-bound Sysbench OLTP on Optane -vs- SSD. But also by several "urban myths" I'm often hearing when discussing with users about their IO-bound OLTP performance problems :
Myth #1 : "if I'll double the number of my storage drives -- I'll get x2 times better TPS !"

  • this was mostly true during "HDD era", and again..
  • (ex.: a single thread app doing single random IO reads from a single HDD will not go faster by doing the same from 2x HDD -- similar like single thread workload will not run faster on 8CPU cores -vs- 2CPU cores, etc.)
  • all depends …
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MySQL Performance : 8.0 GA on IO-bound Sysbench OLTP with Optane -vs- SSD

MySQL Performance on IO-bound workloads is still extremely depending on the underlaying storage layer (thus is directly depending on your Storage Performance).. Indeed, flash storage is definitively changing the game, but even with flash there is, as usual, "flash and flash" -- all storage vendors are improving their stuff constantly, so every time you have something new to discover and to learn ;-)) During all my MySQL 8.0 GA tests I was very pleasantly surprised by IO performance delivered by Intel Optane SSD. However, what the storage device can deliver alone on pure IO tests is not at all the same to what you could observe when it's used by MySQL -- unfortunately, in the past I've observed many cases when with a device claimed to be x2 times faster we were even not observing 10% gain.. But MySQL 8.0 is probably the most best placed MySQL version today to re-visit all this IO-bound story (there are many "under-hood" changes in the code helping to …

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MySQL Performance : IP port -vs- UNIX socket impact in 8.0 GA

Generally, when I'm analyzing MySQL Performance on Linux with "localhost" test workloads, I'm configuring client connections to use IP port (loopback) to connect to MySQL Server (and not UNIX socket) -- this is still at least involving IP stack in the game, and if something is going odd on IP, we can be aware ahead about. And indeed, it already helped several times to discover such kind of problems even without network links between client/server (like this one, etc.). However, in the past we also observed a pretty significant difference in QPS results when IP port was used comparing to UNIX socket (communications via UNIX socket were going near 15% faster).. Over a time with newer OL kernel releases this gap became smaller and smaller. But in all such …

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Call for Questions: Webinar with MySQL Benchmarking Experts

If you attended my latest Troubleshooting MySQL Concurrency Issues with Load Testing Tools webinar you learned how I exploit benchmarking tools to replicate locking issues and crashes. But I told you nothing about proper use of these tools: for reliable benchmarks. I did not tell you that for a reason… I am just a Support Engineer and not a benchmarking expert.

And I have a dream. I want to invite world famous MySQL benchmarking experts for a Percona webinar and ask them for their secrets. I have a pretty long list of my own questions, but in order to make 1-hour webinar productive, we need to concentrate on just a few of the hottest ones. Therefore I need your help.

Please add your questions into the comments field of this blog post. Then we will choose the most important and/or most popular of …

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MySQL Performance : more in depth with latin1 and utf8mb4 in 8.0 GA

Looking on my previously obtained results on Read-Only (RO) tests for latin1 and UTF8 charsets, one question continued to turn in my mind :
- if MariaDB 10.3 is hitting a so deep drop on "distinct-ranges" workload :
- why then this is not impacting the "mixed" OLTP_RO workload results (which is containing "distinct-ranges" query too) :
The answer was within the test title :

  • I've missed one zero in my scripts while preparing initial tests.. ;-))
  • so, the "distinct-ranges" test was using range size=10 (instead of 100 by default)
  • while "mixed" OLTP_RO remained with default settings, and used range size=100 for all range tests..
  • was the use of a smaller …
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Troubleshooting MySQL Concurrency Issues with Load Testing Tools Webinar: Q & A

In this blog, I will provide answers to the Q & A for the Troubleshooting MySQL Concurrency Issues with Load Testing Tools webinar.

First, I want to thank everybody for attending my May 23, 2018, webinar on troubleshooting tools for MySQL. The recording and slides for the webinar are available here. Below is the list of your questions that I was unable to answer fully during the webinar.

Q: What do you recommend for benchmarking NDB cluster? Which should be used and how?

A: The issue with benchmarking NDB cluster is not the tool choice, …

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