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MySQL 8.2.0 Community vs. Enterprise; Is There a Winner?

To be honest, the comparison between the two MySQL distributions is not something that excited me a lot. Mainly because from my MySQL memories, I knew that there is not a real difference between the two distributions when talking about the code base.To my knowledge the differences in the enterprise version are in the additional […]

Is MySQL Router 8.2 Any Better?

In my previous article, Comparisons of Proxies for MySQL, I showed how MySQL Router was the lesser performing Proxy in the comparison. From that time to now, we had several MySQL releases and, of course, also some new MySQL Router ones.Most importantly, we also had MySQL Router going back to being a level 7 proxy […]

Announcing Finch: A New MySQL Benchmarking Tool

I’m happy to announce Finch: a new MySQL benchmarking tool for experts, developers, and modern infrastructure. TL;DR:

Are Aurora Performance Claims True?

Amazon claims that Aurora has “Up to 5X the throughput of MySQL”. Is it true? It wasn’t easy to find the truth, but I kept digging until I found it. This is a long read; let’s chase the rabbit all the way down the hole.

Comparisons of Proxies for MySQL

With a special focus on Percona Operator for MySQL


HAProxy, ProxySQL, MySQL Router (AKA MySQL Proxy); in the last few years, I had to answer multiple times on what proxy to use and in what scenario. When designing an architecture, many components need to be considered before deciding on the best solution.

When deciding what to pick, there are many things to consider, like where the proxy needs to be, if it “just” needs to redirect the connections, or if more features need to be in, like caching and filtering, or if it needs to be integrated with some MySQL embedded automation.

Given that, there never was a single straight answer. Instead, an analysis needs to be done. Only after a better understanding of the environment, the needs, and the evolution that the platform needs to achieve is it possible …

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COUNT(*) vs COUNT(col) in MySQL

Looking at how people are using COUNT(*) and COUNT(col), it looks like most of them think they are synonyms and just use what they happen to like, while there is a substantial difference in performance and even query results. Also, we find a difference in execution on InnoDB and MyISAM engines.

NOTE: All tests were applied for MySQL version 8.0.30, and in the background, I ran every query three to five times to make sure that all of them were fully cached in the buffer pool (for InnoDB) or by the filesystem (for MyISAM).

Count function for Innodb engine:

Let’s have look at the following series of examples for InnoDB engine:

CREATE TABLE count_innodb (
  id int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  val_with_nulls int(11) default NULL,
  val_no_null int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY idx (id)

(mysql) > select count(*) from count_innodb; …
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COMMIT Latency: Aurora vs. RDS MySQL 8.0

Let’s examine COMMIT latency on Aurora v2 (MySQL 5.7) vs. Aurora v3 (MySQL 8.0) vs. RDS MySQL 8.0 2-AZ vs. RDS MySQL 8.0 3-AZ “cluster”.

How to Benchmark Replication Performance in MySQL

In this blog, I will cover important aspects which you need to test when benchmarking replication setup. MySQL has great tools that could be used to test its performance. They include:

sysbench –

BMK-kit –

mysqlslap –

LinkBench –

I will not describe how to use them here, as you can find instructions on the provided links or in the Percona blog by browsing tags …

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Comparing Graviton (ARM) Performance to Intel and AMD for MySQL (Part 3)

Recently we published the first part (m5, m5a, m6g) and the second part (C5, C5a, C6g) of research regarding comparing Graviton ARM with AMD and Intel CPU on AWS. We selected general-purpose EC2 instances with the same configurations (amount of vCPU in the first part). In the second part, we compared compute-optimized EC2 instances with the same conditions. The main goal was to see the trend and make a general comparison of CPU types on the AWS platform only for MySQL. We didn’t set the goal to compare the performance of different CPU types. Our expertise is in MySQL performance tuning. We share research “as is” with all scripts, and anyone interested could rerun and reproduce it.
All scripts, …

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Taking a Look at BTRFS for MySQL

Following my post MySQL/ZFS Performance Update, a few people have suggested I should take a look at BTRFS (“butter-FS”, “b-tree FS”) with MySQL. BTRFS is a filesystem with an architecture and a set of features that are similar to ZFS and with a GPL license. It is a copy-on-write (CoW) filesystem supporting snapshots, RAID, and data compression. These are compelling features for a database server so let’s have a look.

Many years ago, in 2012, Vadim wrote a blog post about BTRFS and the results were disappointing. Needless to say that since 2012, a lot of work and effort has been invested in BTRFS. So, this post will examine the BTRFS version that comes with the latest Ubuntu LTS, 20.04. It is not bleeding edge but it is likely the most recent …

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