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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL 8 (reset)
MySQL Join Tutorial

Some believe the most important part of SQL is the ability to query data. Queries typically retrieve data by joining many tables together into useful result sets. This tutorial takes the position that visibility into the data helps those new to SQL understand how joins work. To that end, the queries use Common Tabular Expressions (CTEs) instead of tables.

Default behavior of a JOIN without a qualifying descriptor is not simple because it may return:

  • A CROSS JOIN (or Cartesian Product) when there is no ON or USING subclause, or
  • An INNER JOIN when you use an ON or USING subclause.

The following query uses JOIN without a qualifier or an ON or USING subclause. It also uses two copies of the single CTE, which is more or less a derived table and the result of a subquery held in memory. This demonstrates the key …

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MySQL Membership

MySQL membership conditions are in the MySQL 8 Documentation. They’re found in the 13.2.11.3 Subqueries with ANY, IN, or SOME section. The IN and =ANY operators both perform equality matches with one twist. The IN operator works with a set of values or a subquery but the =ANY operator only works with a subquery.

I created the digits, letters, and words tables for this example. They hold the following values respectively:

  • The numbers table holds the values of 1, 2, 3, and 4
  • The letters table holds the values of 'a', 'b', 'c', and 'd'
  • The words table holds the values of 'Captain America', 'Iron …
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MySQL macOS Docker

While you can download MySQL as a DMG package, a number of users would prefer to install it as a Docker instance. You won’t find the macOS downloads on the same web site as other downloads. You can use the following macOS download site.

After installing Docker on your macOS, you can pull a copy of the current MySQL Server with the following command:

docker pull mysql/mysql-server

You should create a mysql directory inside your ~/Documents directory with this command:

mkdir ~/Documents/mysql

Then, you should use the cd command to change into the ~/Documents/mysql directory and run this command:

pwd

It should return the following directory: …

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MySQL sakila Database

While I thought my instructions were clear, it appears there should have been more in my examples for using the MySQL MSI. A key thing that happened is that students opted not to install:

Samples and Examples 8.0.22

Unfortunately, they may not have read the Preface of Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL, 3rd Edition where he explains how to manually download the files from the MySQL web site. Here are those, very clear, instructions (pg. XV) with my additions in italics for the MySQL Shell:

First, you will need to launch the mysql command-line client or the mysqlsh command-line shell, and provide a password, and then perform the following steps:

  1. Go to https://dev.mysql.com/doc/index-other.html and download the files for the …
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MySQL Self-Join

I’m switching to MySQL and leveraging Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL as a supporting reference for my Database Design and Development course. While reviewing Alan’s Chapter 5: Querying Multiple Tables, I found his coverage of using self-joins minimal.

In fact, he adds a prequel_film_id column to the film table in the sakila database and then a single row to demonstrate a minimal self-join query. I wanted to show them how to view a series of rows interconnected by a self-join, like the following:

SELECT   f.title AS film
,        fp.title AS prequel
FROM     film f LEFT JOIN film fp
ON       f.prequel_id = fp.film_id
WHERE    f.series_name = 'Harry Potter'
AND      fp.series_name = 'Harry Potter'
ORDER BY f.series_number;

It returns the following result set:

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MySQL Client in 8.0.21+

Having recently installed a fresh copy of MySQL 8.0.21 on Windows, I took careful note of parsing changes in the MySQL Shell. It was tedious that we lost multiple statement processing, which is supported in the MySQL Client and MySQL Workbench because it uses MySQL Client.

It was frustrating when I subsequently discovered that the MySQL Shell took away the ability to write log files by removing the TEE and NOTEE commands. I suspected that since MySQL Workbench was still using the MySQL Client that it should be in the code tree. In fact, the mysql.exe client is in this directory:

C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\bin

So, I immediately created a batch file to put the MySQL Client into my %PATH% environment variable when needed. I used this time tested DOS command: …

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Conditional Updates

While I’m switching labs next term after more than a decade with more comprehensive lab set, I’m hoping the new exercises build the students’ core SQL skill set. Next term, I hope to see whether the change is successful. I’ve opted for using Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL: Generate, Manipulate, and Retrieve Data, 3rd Edition, because it’s a great book and uses the MySQL database.

One exercise that the students will lose is a data migration exercise from a badly designed common_lookup table to a well designed common_lookup table. The starting point is shown below on the left and the fixed version is on the right.

         …

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MySQL Floating Types

I’m glad that testing new MySQL releases is so frequent for me. Each testing cycle let me catch warning messages about deprecated behaviors before they’re removed. This one announced the deprecation of digits for floating point data types, like double. The following column definition for a table in my code tree triggered the warning message:

, amount                DOUBLE(10,2)

MySQL 8 (8.0.21) raised the following warning message:

Warning (code 1681): Specifying number of digits for floating point data types is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.

Recognizing the deprecation, I redefined the column as:

, amount                DOUBLE

I’m glad the MySQL development team is focused on alerting us to deprecations through warning messages. Naturally, I fixed all of …

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Benchmarking MySQL 8.0 Performance on Amazon EC2

MySQL 8.0 Performance Benchmarking on Amazon EC2 The scope of performance benchmarking

The core objective of this benchmarking exercise is to measure MySQL 8.0 performance, This include INSERTs , SELECTs and complex transaction processing (both INSERTs and SELECTs) without any tuning of MySQL 8 instance’s my.cnf. We agree tuning my.cnf will greatly improve performance but in this activity we wanted to benchmark MySQL 8 transaction processing capabilities and technically in MinervaDB we measure performance by Response Time and believe you can build high performance MySQL applications by writing optimal SQL. We have used Sysbench (https://github.com/MinervaDB/MinervaDB-Sysbench release 1.0.20) for this benchmarking activity. This is not a paid / sponsored benchmarking effort by any of the software or hardware vendors, We will remain …

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MySQL Shell Parsing

I’ve been experimenting with the mysqlsh since installing it last week. It’s been interesting. Overall, I’m totally impressed but I did find a problem with how it parses stored procedures.

First thought is always, is it my code? I checked the file by running it as a script file through MySQL Workbench. It ran perfectly in MySQL Workbench but failed repeatedly when run from the mysqlsh utility. Next step, reduce the code to a small test case, retest it, and log a bug if it is replicated. My test case in a test.sql file generates the following errors when run from the mysqlsh utility:

 MySQL  localhost:33060+ ssl  studentdb  SQL > source test.sql
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.0003 sec)
ERROR: 1064: You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the …
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