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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL 8 (reset)
Session Variables

In MySQL and Oracle, you set a session variable quite differently. That means you should expect there differences between setting a session variable in Postgres. This blog post lets you see how to set them in all three databases. I’m always curious what people think but I’m willing to bet that MySQL is the simplest approach. Postgres is a bit more complex because you must use a function call, but Oracle is the most complex.

The difference between MySQL and Postgres is an “@” symbol versus a current_setting() function call. Oracle is more complex because it involves the mechanics in Oracle’s sqlplus shell, SQL dialect, and PL/SQL language (required to assign a value to a variable).

MySQL

MySQL lets you declare a session variable in one step and use it one way in a SQL statement or stored procedure.

  1. You set a session variable on a single line with the following …
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mysqli Strict Standards

Six years ago I wrote a common lookup post to illustrate the effectiveness of things used throughout your applications. Now, I’m updating my student image with a more complete solution to show how to avoid update anomalies.

In the prior post, I used a while loop in PHP, like the following:

do {
      ...
} while($stmt->next_result());

Using PHP Version 7.3.8 and MySQL 8.0.16, that now raises the following error message:

Strict Standards: mysqli_stmt::next_result(): There is no next result set. Please, call mysqli_stmt_more_results()/mysqli_stmt::more_results() to check whether to call this function/method in /var/www/html/app/library.inc on line 81

You can see this type of error when you set the following parameters in your file during testing:

ini_set('display_errors',1); …
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MySQL Update in mysqli

Somebody didn’t like the MySQLi Update Query example on the tutorialspoint.com website because it use the procedure mysqli_query style. Here’s a simple example of using the object-oriented method version. More or less, instead of query it uses the more intuitive execute() method.

The update_member function contains the logic and below it is a call to the test the function. It relies on a MySQLCredentials.inc file that contains the hostname, user name, password, and database name. You can create create member table, like my example in MySQL 8, or any other table in your MySQL database.

<?php /*
||  Function Name: update_member
*/
function update_member($account_number, $member_type, …
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Python MySQL Query

Somebody asked me how to expand a prior example with the static variables so that it took arguments at the command line for the variables. This example uses Python 3 new features in the datetime package.

There’s a small trick converting the string arguments to date data types. Here’s a quick example that shows you how to convert the argument list into individual date data type variables:

#!/usr/bin/python3

# include standard modules
import sys
from datetime import datetime

# Capture argument list.
fullCmdArguments = sys.argv

# Assignable variables.
beginDate = ""
endDate = ""

# Assign argument list to variable.
argumentList = fullCmdArguments[1:]

# Enumerate through the argument list where beginDate precedes endDate as strings.
try:
  for i, s in enumerate(argumentList):
    if (i == …
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MySQL Python Connector

While building my student image on Fedora 30, I installed the MySQL PHP Connector (php-mysqlndrp) but neglected to install the Python Connector. This adds the installation and basic test of the Python Connector to the original blog post.

You use the following command with a wildcard as a privileged user. The wildcard is necessary because you need to load two libraries to support Python 2.7 and 3.7, which are installed on Fedora 30. You also need to be the root user or a user that is found in the sudoer’s list:

yum install -y mysql-connector-python*

Display detailed console log

Last metadata expiration check: 0:35:46 ago on Tue 20 Aug 2019 05:36:29 PM MDT.
Dependencies resolved. …
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MySQL on Fedora 30

While updating my class image to Fedora 30, I noticed that it installed the Akonadi Server. The documentation on the Akonadi server lacked some straightforward documentation. It also offered a bundled set of software that limited how to approach MySQL development.

So, I removed all those packages with the following syntax:

dnf remove `rpm -qa | grep akonadi`

Display detailed console log

Dependencies resolved.
=============================================================================
 Package                          Arch    Version            Repo       Size
=============================================================================
Removing:
 akonadi-import-wizard            x86_64  19.04.2-1.fc30     @updates  2.8 M
 kf5-akonadi-calendar             x86_64  19.04.2-1.fc30     @updates  2.6 M
 kf5-akonadi-contacts             x86_64  19.04.2-1.fc30     @updates  3.3 M
 kf5-akonadi-mime …
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MySQL fails to start and no errors in the log? Check out this possible reason!

Some time ago, I was building a new MySQL DB server (5.7.25) and like all DBAs, I have a template of my.cnf that I use for the new instances after changing a few variables based on the instance resources, replication … etc. I had MySQL installed but I struggled on having the service started!

MySQL failed to start, no errors were printed at all in the MySQL error log – or the log was not created from the first place – even no errors in the system log and I had no clue what was going on!

After some digging in, I found the bad guy! The variable secure_file_priv referred to a directory that didn’t exist. When I had the directory created, everything was fine and the service started.

I tried to repeat the same scenario in MySQL 8 and it was much better. The error log indicated the root cause of the issue as below:
2019-03-25T23:39:59.810992Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-010095] [Server] Failed …

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Tungsten Clustering 5.4.0 and Tungsten Replicator 5.4.0 Released

Continuent is pleased to announce that the following new software releases are now available:

  • Tungsten Clustering version 5.4.0
  • Tungsten Replicator version 5.4.0

Releases 5.4.0 is significant in that it introduces MySQL 8 support, along with many new features, stability improvements and bug fixes.

Highlights common to both products:

Improvements, new features and functionality

  • Two new utility scripts have been added to the release to help with setting the Replicator position:
    • tungsten_find_position, which assists with locating information in the THL based on the provided MySQL binary log event position and outputs a dsctl set
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Tungsten Clustering 6.1.0 and Tungsten Replicator 6.1.0 Released

Continuent is pleased to announce that the following new software releases are now available:

  • Tungsten Clustering version 6.1.0
  • Tungsten Replicator version 6.1.0

Release 6.1.0 is significant in that it introduces MySQL 8 support, along with many new features, stability improvements and bug fixes.

Highlights common to both products:

Improvements, new features and functionality

  • Two new utility scripts have been added to the release to help with setting the Replicator position:
    • tungsten_find_position, which assists with locating information in the THL based on the provided MySQL binary log event position and outputs a dsctl set command …
[Read more]
MySQL 8.0 Delayed Replication – New Features and Benefits

What is new with MySQL 8.0 Delayed Replication ?

Delayed Replication – You can deliberately execute transactions later than the master by a specific duration of time , Why you do that and for what ? Consider this, Accidentally someone did a wrong UPDATE / DELETE in the master and the transaction is committed, Now how can DBA rollback the database system to the last known good condition ? This is when we benefit from MySQL delayed slave replication investment. The default replication delay in MySQL is “0” seconds, To delay the slave by seconds use the CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_DELAY = N, The transactions received from the master is not executed until N seconds later than it’s commit on the immediate master. We have blogged here how to setup …

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