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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL Developer (reset)
Put MySQL in PATH

After downloading and installing MySQL 8.0.24 yesterday, I opened a command shell. In the command shell, I could access the MySQL Shell (mysqlsh.exe) but not the MySQL Client (mysql.exe). Typing in the following:

C:\WINDOWS\system32>mysql

It returned:

'mysql' is not recognized as an internal or external command,
operable program or batch file.

The MySQL Client (mysql.exe) was installed because MySQL Workbench relies on it. However, the MySQL Microsoft Software Installer (MSI) does not put the mysql.exe file’s directory in the common Windows %PATH% variable. You can find the correct %PATH% directory variable by opening the File Manager and searching for the mysql.exe file.

You should return several directories and programs but the directory you want is:

C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server …
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MySQL Script Test

There are many ways to test and edit files. A lot of developers only use their favorite Integrated Developer Environment (IDE) but I find testing script files within the scope of a pipelined set of scripts much faster.

The ability to edit a script from within the MySQL Command-Line Interface (CLI) or MySQL Shell would be nice but unfortunately, doesn’t exist. You can always subshell to edit a file or list files in the present working directory, like:

mysql> \! vi task.sql

I prefer to test at the OS level while leveraging the up-arrow key for command history. Here’s my quick edit and test script technique from your present working directory:

  1. Assume you create a task.sql test file, like:
    SELECT user() AS "Current User"\G
    
  2. You can edit with vi or emac and test the script interactively from the present working directory.
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MySQL & macOS Silicon

It’s a problem for my students who purchased the new Apple hardware that uses Apple Silicon because they can’t install a Docker MySQL instance. However, there is Homebrew formula that works on macOS Big Sur and the new Apple silicon. It supports:

  • Intel Silicon: macOS Big Sur, Catalina, and Mojave
  • Apple Silicon: macOS Big Sur

The Homebrew Formula does have conflicts that you may need to avoid. It is a solution for those with the new Apple silicon.

As always, I hope this helps those looking for a solution.

MySQL Transaction Scope

The idea of ACID transactions are a basic feature of SQL’s individual Data Manipulation Language (DML) commands, like the INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements. Transactions across two or more tables are a natural extension of ACID compliance features provided by DML commands. However, they require a structured programming approach, like a store procedure or like API implemented in an imperative language.

Surprisingly, transaction management wasn’t covered well in Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL because he only provided pseudo code logic. While I thought troubleshoot some broken MySQL SQL/PSM logic would be a good learning experience for students, it wasn’t. So, I wrote this sample code to show how to achieve an all or nothing transaction across four tables.

The code for this example on transaction management lets you perform the important tasks necessary to effect transaction …

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Oxygen XML Editor

Somebody asked me about how they could convert an XML file to a CSV file to upload into MySQL. They were asking the question based on an old Convert XML to CSV blog post from 2008. Amazing though that is, I had to explain the process no longer requires manual tasks, like calling Java files from the Apache XML Project. All they needed to do was use the Oxygen XML Editor, which is why I wrote this blog post.

For example, I had them use the same sample XML file from the old blog post (shown below) with one change. The encoding value needs to change from latin1 (ISO-8859-1) to unicode (UTF-8). Then, they should put it into a local Windows directory (mine went into the …

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MySQL Join Tutorial

Some believe the most important part of SQL is the ability to query data. Queries typically retrieve data by joining many tables together into useful result sets. This tutorial takes the position that visibility into the data helps those new to SQL understand how joins work. To that end, the queries use Common Tabular Expressions (CTEs) instead of tables.

Default behavior of a JOIN without a qualifying descriptor is not simple because it may return:

  • A CROSS JOIN (or Cartesian Product) when there is no ON or USING subclause, or
  • An INNER JOIN when you use an ON or USING subclause.

The following query uses JOIN without a qualifier or an ON or USING subclause. It also uses two copies of the single CTE, which is more or less a derived table and the result of a subquery held in memory. This demonstrates the key …

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MySQL Membership

MySQL membership conditions are in the MySQL 8 Documentation. They’re found in the 13.2.11.3 Subqueries with ANY, IN, or SOME section. The IN and =ANY operators both perform equality matches with one twist. The IN operator works with a set of values or a subquery but the =ANY operator only works with a subquery.

I created the digits, letters, and words tables for this example. They hold the following values respectively:

  • The numbers table holds the values of 1, 2, 3, and 4
  • The letters table holds the values of 'a', 'b', 'c', and 'd'
  • The words table holds the values of 'Captain America', 'Iron …
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MySQL macOS Docker

While you can download MySQL as a DMG package, a number of users would prefer to install it as a Docker instance. You won’t find the macOS downloads on the same web site as other downloads. You can use the following macOS download site.

After installing Docker on your macOS, you can pull a copy of the current MySQL Server with the following command:

docker pull mysql/mysql-server

You should create a mysql directory inside your ~/Documents directory with this command:

mkdir ~/Documents/mysql

Then, you should use the cd command to change into the ~/Documents/mysql directory and run this command:

pwd

It should return the following directory: …

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MySQL sakila Database

While I thought my instructions were clear, it appears there should have been more in my examples for using the MySQL MSI. A key thing that happened is that students opted not to install:

Samples and Examples 8.0.22

Unfortunately, they may not have read the Preface of Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL, 3rd Edition where he explains how to manually download the files from the MySQL web site. Here are those, very clear, instructions (pg. XV) with my additions in italics for the MySQL Shell:

First, you will need to launch the mysql command-line client or the mysqlsh command-line shell, and provide a password, and then perform the following steps:

  1. Go to https://dev.mysql.com/doc/index-other.html and download the files for the …
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MySQL Self-Join

I’m switching to MySQL and leveraging Alan Beaulieu’s Learning SQL as a supporting reference for my Database Design and Development course. While reviewing Alan’s Chapter 5: Querying Multiple Tables, I found his coverage of using self-joins minimal.

In fact, he adds a prequel_film_id column to the film table in the sakila database and then a single row to demonstrate a minimal self-join query. I wanted to show them how to view a series of rows interconnected by a self-join, like the following:

SELECT   f.title AS film
,        fp.title AS prequel
FROM     film f LEFT JOIN film fp
ON       f.prequel_id = fp.film_id
WHERE    f.series_name = 'Harry Potter'
AND      fp.series_name = 'Harry Potter'
ORDER BY f.series_number;

It returns the following result set:

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