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Displaying posts with tag: Linux (reset)
MySQL Server-side

A student question: Does JavaScript make context switching for web-based applications obsolete? Wow! I asked what that meant. He said, it means JavaScript replaces all other server-side programming languages, like PHP, C#, or Python. I asked the student why he believed that. His answer was that’s what two interviewing managers told him.

I thought it would be interesting to put the idea to a test. Below is a Node.js script that acts as a utility that queries the MySQL database with substitution variables in query. It also returns a standard out (stdout) stream of the MySQL query’s results. It also supports three flag and value pairs as arguments, and optionally writes the results of the MySQL query to a log file while still returning result as the stdout value. All errors are written to the standard error (stderr) stream.

The Node.js solution is completely portable between Windows …

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Express.js & MySQL

Sometimes, you just half to chuckle. A couple folks felt that I didn’t give enough information in my post showing how to configure a small Node.js application that could access a MySQL database. Specifically, they wanted me to explain the following:

  1. Configure your Express.js and MySQL development in a single Node.js application.
  2. How to convert the list of RowDataPacket objects as elements of data, which is really just simple JavaScript knowledge.
  3. How to bind variables into the query.

Like the other blog post, this one assumes you’ve performed a global install of Node.js on a Linux server. If you’re unfamiliar with how to perform a global Node.js installation, I cover how to do it in this …

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Node.js & MySQL

These are my notes for creating a small Node.js application that queries a MySQL database. The post will show you how to:

  1. Configure your Node.js development directory.
  2. Build a small application to test a MySQL connection.
  3. Build a small application that connects to the MySQL database and queries data.

This blog post assumes you’ve performed a global install of Node.js on a Linux server. If you’re unfamiliar with how to perform a global Node.js installation, I cover how to do it in this earlier blog post.

Before you write the Node.js applicaiton, you need to setup a db developer directory. Then, create a node_modules symbolic link to the /usr/local/lib/node_modules directory in the db directory. You can use the following command …

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MySQL 101: Linux Tuning for MySQL

When trying to do some Linux tuning for MySQL, there are a few options that will greatly influence the speed of MySQL.  Below are some of the most important of these settings to help you get started.

Swappiness

The first thing to look at is what swappiness is set to.  This will determine the tendency of the kernel to swap out memory pages.  In may cases, you will want to set this to “1” to keep the swapping to a minimum.  A value of “0” will disable it entirely.

You can determine the current value with the following command:

cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness

If this is not set to “1”, you should consider making the change by using one of the following options:

# Make sure you are root and set swappiness to 1 
echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/swappiness

# Or, you can use sysctl to do the same sysctl 
vm.swappiness vm.swappiness = 1

If the change helps, you will want …

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MySQL 8.0.20 JDBC

In April, when I updated from MySQL 8.0.17 to MySQL 8.0.19, I found that my Java connection example failed. That’s because of a change in the JDBC driver, which I blogged about then. Starting yesterday, I began updating a base Fedora 30 configuration again to MySQL 8.0.20. I wrote a testing program for the Java JDBC file last time, and when I ran it this time it told me that I didn’t have the JDBC driver installed, or in the $CLASSPATH. My Java diagnostic script, MySQLDriver.java, returned the following error message:

Error: Could not find or load main class MySQLDriver

The Java JDBC test program code is in the prior post. It simply loads the user, password, database, host, and port statically for my student …

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MySQL 8.0.20 Update

After I updated a Fedora 30 instance, I could no longer connect to the MySQL database. An attempt to connect raised the following error:

Error: Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)

My guess was correct, the mysqld.service got removed during the update (a synonym for upgrade). So, I ran the following command as a sudoer user:

sudo systemctl enable mysqld.service

It creates the following symbolic link:

Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mysqld.service → /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service.

That would start the MySQL Daemon (mysqld) on the next restart of the OS. However, I didn’t want to restart to have access to the service. I simply started it with the following command:

sudo systemctl start mysqld.service

Then, I could connect to the MySQL database. As always, …

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MySQL Linux to Windows

My students want to transfer their course setup MySQL files from the Linux VM that I provide to Microsoft Windows 10. This post explains how because I found a couple small errors in the Google’d posts they would most likely see.

The first step is required because when I didn’t assign a name or domain to the the Fedora VM, which allows it to run as localhost on any student machine. In tandem, I didn’t assign a static IP address but opted for dynamic IP assignment. That means, the first step to securely copy the files requires you to find the assigned IP address. You can do that with the following Linux command:

ifconfig -a | grep 'inet[[:blank:]]' | head -1 | cut -c 14-30

It would return something like:

192.168.147.198

After you have discovered the IP address, you need to download PuTTy from their web site because includes the pscp (PuTTy …

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Java & MySQL 8.0.19

It’s the in-between term time and we’re all stuck at home. I decided to update the image for my Fedora 30 virtual machine. I had a work around to the update issue that I had encountered last October in Bug #96969 but it was not required with the current version. However, after updating from MySQL 8.0.17 to MySQL 8.0.19, I found that my Java connection example failed.

The $CLASSPATH value was correct:

/usr/share/java/mysql-connector-java.jar:.

The first error that I got was the my reference to MySQL JDBC driver was incorrect. The error message is quite clear:

Loading class `com.mysql.jdbc.Driver'. This is deprecated. The new driver class is `com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver'. The driver is automatically registered via the SPI and manual loading of the driver class is generally unnecessary.
Cannot connect to database server:
The server time zone …
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PreFOSDEM talk: Upgrading from MySQL 5.7 to MySQL 8.0

In this post I’ll expand on the subject of my MySQL pre-FOSDEM talk: what dbadmins need to know and do, when upgrading from MySQL 5.7 to 8.0.

I’ve already published two posts on two specific issues; in this article, I’ll give the complete picture.

As usual, I’ll use this post to introduce tooling concepts that may be useful in generic system administration.

The presentation code is hosted on a GitHub repository (including the …

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How to Setup FEMP Stack (FreeBSD, Nginx, MySQL 8 and PHP 7.4) on FreeBSD 12

FEMP is an acronym that stands for FreeBSD (operating system), Nginx (HTTP server pronounced Engine-x), MySQL (database server), and PHP (programming language to process dynamic PHP content). In this tutorial, we'll set up components of a FEMP stack on a FreeBSD 12.1 server using pkg, the FreeBSD package manager.

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