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Displaying posts with tag: mysql client (reset)
MySQL RegExp Default

We had an interesting set of questions regarding the REGEXP comparison operator in MySQL today in both sections of Database Design and Development. They wanted to know the default behavior.

For example, we built a little movie table so that we didn’t change their default sakila example database. The movie table was like this:

CREATE TABLE movie
( movie_id     int unsigned primary key auto_increment
, movie_title  varchar(60)) auto_increment=1001;

Then, I inserted the following rows:

INSERT INTO movie 
( movie_title )
VALUES
 ('The King and I')
,('I')
,('The I Inside')
,('I am Legend');

Querying all results with this query:

SELECT * FROM movie;

It returns the following results:

+----------+----------------+
| movie_id | movie_title    |
+----------+----------------+
|     1001 | The King and I |
|     1002 | I              |
|     1003 | The I Inside   |
|     1004 | I am Legend …
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Setting SQL_MODE

In MySQL, the @@sql_mode parameter should generally use ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY. If it doesn’t include it and you don’t have the ability to change the database parameters, you can use a MySQL PSM (Persistent Stored Module), like:

Create the set_full_group_by procedure:

-- Drop procedure conditionally on whether it exists already.
DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS set_full_group_by;

-- Reset delimter to allow semicolons to terminate statements.
DELIMITER $$

-- Create a procedure to verify and set connection parameter.
CREATE PROCEDURE set_full_group_by()
  LANGUAGE SQL
  NOT DETERMINISTIC
  SQL SECURITY DEFINER
  COMMENT 'Set connection parameter when not set.'
BEGIN

  /* Check whether full group by is set in the connection and
     if unset, set it in the scope of the connection. */
  IF NOT EXISTS
    (SELECT NULL
     WHERE  REGEXP_LIKE(@@SQL_MODE,'ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY'))
  THEN
    SET SQL_MODE=(SELECT CONCAT(@@sql_mode,',ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY'));
  END IF; …
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Authentication Plugin ‘***’ Cannot Be Loaded: How MySQL Searches Client-Side Plugins

When MySQL client connects to the server it uses one of the authentication plugins. On the server-side, plugins are located in the directory, specified by the option plugin-dir that defaults to

BASEDIR/lib/plugin

  where

BASEDIR

  is the base directory of your MySQL installation. This perfectly works whenever you install MySQL using package manager, or from the Linux tarball.

However, authentication plugins should be also loaded on the client-side. If you installed MySQL into the custom location, you may end up with an error when trying to connect using any plugin requiring a separate client library.

For example, let’s set the …

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Read CSV with Python

In 2009, I showed an example of how to use the MySQL LOAD DATA INFILE command. Last year, I updated the details to reset the secure_file-priv privilege to use the LOAD DATA INFILE command, but you can avoid that approach with a simple Python 3 program like the one in this example. You also can use MySQL Shell’s new parallel table import feature, introduced in 8.0.17, as noted in a comment on this blog post.

The example requires creating an avenger table, avenger.csv file, a readWriteData.py Python script, run the readWriteData.py Python script, and a query that validates the insertion of the avenger.csv file’s data into the avenger table. The complete code in five steps using the sakila demonstration database:

  • Creating the …
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SQL Handling Nulls

Interesting questions always come via my students. For example, “Why does the selective aggregation sample return null values as totals from the SUM() function in MySQL?”

First, here’s the code to build the sample table for the problem:

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS transaction;
CREATE TABLE transaction
( transaction_id      int unsigned primary key auto_increment
, transaction_date    date
, transaction_amount  double );

INSERT INTO transaction
( transaction_date, transaction_amount )
VALUES
 ('2021-01-10', 56)
,('2021-02-14',23.02)
,('2021-03-31',31.06)
,('2021-01-01',.25)
,('2020-01-02', 52)
,('2020-02-08',22.02)
,('2020-03-26',32.06)
,('2020-01-12',.75);;

Now, here’s the selective aggregation query:

SELECT   EXTRACT(YEAR FROM transaction_date) AS "Year"
,        SUM(
           CASE
             WHEN EXTRACT(MONTH FROM transaction_date) = 1 THEN transaction_amount
            END) AS "Jan"
,        SUM( …
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MySQL INSERT-SET

I found myself explaining the nuances of INSERT statements and whether you should use named or positional notation. While the class was on Zoom, I could imagine the blank stares in the silence of my headphones. Then, I had to remind them about mandatory (NOT NULL constrained) and optional (nullable) columns in tables and how an INSERT statement requires an explicit NULL value for optional columns when the INSERT statement isn’t inserting a value into that column.

Then, I asked if somebody could qualify the different types of INSERT statements; and what would happen if a table with a first_name and last_name column order evolves when a new DBA decides to restructure the table and uses a last_name and first_name column order in the new table structure. Only a couple of the students recalled using a column-list …

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MySQL Connect Dialog

About a month ago, I published how you can connect to MySQL with a small form. One suggestion, or lets promote it to a request, from that post was: “Nice, but how do you create a reusable library for the MySQL Connection Dialog box?”

That was a good question but I couldn’t get back until now to write a new blog post. This reusable MySQL connection dialog lets you remove MySQL connection data from the command-line history. This post also shows you how to create and test a Powershell Module.

The first step to create a module requires that you set the proper %PSModulePath% environment variable. If you fail to do that, you can put it into a default PowerShell module location but that’s not too effective for testing. You launch the System Properties dialog and click the Environment …

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MySQL Transaction Unit

Many of my students wanted to know how to write a simple PSM (Persistent Stored Module) for MySQL that saved the writes to all table as a group. So, to that end here’s simple example.

  1. Create four sample tables in a re-runnable script file:
    /* Drop and create four tables. */
    DROP TABLE IF EXISTS one, two, three, four;
    CREATE TABLE one   ( id int primary key auto_increment, msg varchar(10));
    CREATE TABLE two   ( id int primary key auto_increment, msg varchar(10));
    CREATE TABLE three ( id int primary key auto_increment, msg varchar(10));
    CREATE TABLE four  ( id int primary key auto_increment, msg varchar(10));
    
  2. Create a locking PSM across the four tables:
    /* Conditionally drop procedure. */
    DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS locking;
    
    /* Set delimiter to $$ to allow ; inside the procedure. */
    DELIMITER $$
    
    /* Create a transaction procedure. */
    CREATE PROCEDURE locking(IN pv_one   varchar(10)
                            ,IN pv_two …
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MySQL+Credentials

The first tutorial supplementing the MySQL Connector/NET Developer Guide showed you how to connect and run static INSERT statement. It was a barebones PowerShell script with the MySQL Connector. This post shows you how to run a PowerShell script that uses a dynamic form to gather the MySQL credentials and then run a static query. Below is the MySQL Credentials form.

You enter the correct user name, password, hostname (or IP address), port, and database, like this:

Here’s the complete code for this staticQuery.ps1 PowerShell script:

# Add libraries for form components. …
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MySQL Script Test

There are many ways to test and edit files. A lot of developers only use their favorite Integrated Developer Environment (IDE) but I find testing script files within the scope of a pipelined set of scripts much faster.

The ability to edit a script from within the MySQL Command-Line Interface (CLI) or MySQL Shell would be nice but unfortunately, doesn’t exist. You can always subshell to edit a file or list files in the present working directory, like:

mysql> \! vi task.sql

I prefer to test at the OS level while leveraging the up-arrow key for command history. Here’s my quick edit and test script technique from your present working directory:

  1. Assume you create a task.sql test file, like:
    SELECT user() AS "Current User"\G
    
  2. You can edit with vi or emac and test the script interactively from the present working directory.
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