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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL 8 (reset)
MySQL 8 default character set is utf8mb4

The UTF-8 is a variable-length encoding.  In the case of UTF-8, it means that storing one code point requires one to four bytes. But, In MySQL’s encoding called “utf8” only stores a maximum of three bytes per code point. In the modern web / mobile applications, we have to support for storing not only language characters but also symbols and emojis, Let me show you below some very weird issues faced using MySQL “utf8” :

mysql> SET NAMES utf8; # just to emphasize that the connection charset is set to `utf8`
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> UPDATE custfeeds.reactions SET reacted = 'super like ' WHERE id = 13015;
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 1

mysql> SELECT reactions FROM custfeeds.reactions WHERE id = 13015;
+-------------+
| reactions   |
+-------------+
| super liked |
+-------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)


mysql> SHOW WARNINGS; …
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error: Failed dependencies: pkgconfig(openssl) is needed by mysql-commercial-devel-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64

Recently we were evaluating MySQL 8 Enterprise for a customer. During our installation (our MySQL Enterprise Edition installations are always RPM based) using RPM file (CentOS Linux release 7.4.1708 (Core))  we ended up in a very unusual error, “error: Failed dependencies:pkgconfig(openssl) is needed by mysql-commercial-devel-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64” , This was happening more specifically during the installation of “mysql-commercial-devel-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm” . So decided to write this post about the error and how we fixed it.

[root@localhost MySQL8-Enterprise-RPM]# rpm -ivh mysql-commercial-server-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm mysql-commercial-client-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm mysql-commercial-libs-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm mysql-commercial-common-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm mysql-commercial-devel-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm 
warning: mysql-commercial-server-8.0.11-1.1.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, …
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MySQL 8 invisible indexes

MySQL 8 supports invisible indexes, This allows you to on-demand enable/disable indexes from being used by MySQL optimizer. Now please don’t get confused with “disabled indexes“, “invisible indexes are not disabled indexes, MYISAM supports disabled indexes, ” , The disabled indexes halt maintenance of an index. Invisible indexes are a new feature in MySQL 8.0 , which mark an index unavailable for use by the optimizer. That means, Index will still be maintained and keep up-to-date as data is modified, but no queries will be permitted to make use of the index (even if the query uses a FORCE INDEX hint) .

Why we really love invisible indexes in MySQL 8.0?

  • You want to make only one query to use that index, In this case “invisible index” is a great option
  • On-demand indexing, You will have index (up-to-date with data) but you can make it visible or …
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Error Logging in MySQL 8

Although only available as a Release Candidate, MySQL 8 is already proving itself to be a huge leap forward in many regards. Error logging is no exception. The MySQL development team just announced that they have redesigned the error logging subsystem to use a new component architecture.

The redesign will allow the filtering of log events, as well as the routing of error log output to multiple destinations, via the enabling of multiple sink components.  This will make it possible to send error log events to third-party systems for additional formatting and analysis.

In today’s blog, we’ll explore how to employ MySQL 8’s component-based error logging to achieve a variety of logging configurations. Note that all this is specific for MySQL 8 and is not available in earlier versions and also not in MariaDB. However, MariaDB has an option to write the error log to the system “syslog” on systemd-based Linux variants – …

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Array Ranges in MySQL JSON

Pretend you have a JSON array of data that looks roughly like the following.

mysql> insert into x(y) values('["a","b","c","d"]');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.10 sec)


You could get all the values from that array using $[*]


mysql> select y->"$[*]" from x;
+----------------------+
| y->"$[*]" |
+----------------------+
| ["a", "b", "c", "d"] |
+----------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Or the individual members of the array with an index that starts with zero.


mysql> select y->"$[0]" from x;
+-----------+
| y->"$[0]" |
+-----------+
| "a" |
+-----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)


But what about the times you want the last item in the array and really do not want to loop through all the items? How about using …

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How to use MySQL 8.0.4 with a GUI

If you want to have a look on what is about to come in the new version of the popular database and is used to Syntax Highlighting you don’t need to be chained to the Terminal.

Some of you may use tools like MySQL Workbench or Sequel Pro (as of the release of this post both tools had the following error occurring), and even if you are using the Terminal (if you are using an old version of mysql​, like 5.7) you may encounter this error:

Unable to connect to host 127.0.0.1, or the request timed out.

Be sure that the address is correct and that you have the necessary privileges, or try increasing the connection timeout (currently 10 seconds).

MySQL said: Authentication plugin ‘caching_sha2_password’ cannot be loaded: …

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Common Table Expressions (CTEs) Part 1

Occasionally at conference or a Meetup, someone will approach me and ask me for help with a MySQL problem.  Eight out of ten times their difficulty includes a sub query. "I get an error message about a corrugated or conflabugated sub query or some such,"  they say, desperate for help.  Usually with a bit of fumbling we can get their problem solved.  The problem is not a lack of knowledge for either of us but that sub queries are often hard to write. 

MySQL 8 will be the first version of the most popular database on the web with Common Table Expressions or CTEs.  CTEs are a way to create temporary tables and then use that temporary table for queries. Think of them as easy to write sub queries!

WITH is The Magic WordThe new CTE magic is indicated with the WITH clause.

mysql> WITH myfirstCTE 
AS (SELECT * FROM world.city WHERE …
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MySQL Queries No Waiting

Last time we looked at SKIP LOCKED where rows locked by another process were skipped. NOWAIT informs the server to return immediately IF the desired rows can not be locked.

How To Use NOWAIT Start a connection to your MySQL 8 server, start a transaction, and make a query to lock up part of the data. mysql>START TRANSACTION; mysql>SELECT * FROM city WHERE countryCode = 'USA' FOR UPDATE;
On a second connection, start a transaction and issue a SELECT query with NOWAIT. mysql>START TRANSACTION; mysql>SELECT * FROM city WHERE countryCode = 'USA' FOR UPDATE NOWAIT;
The second connection will get a message saying 'statement aborted because lock(s) could not be acquired immediately and NOWAIT is SET
So if you can come back later to lock the records or just can not …

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SKIP LOCKED

SKIP LOCKED is a new feature in MySQL 8 that many will find valuable.  If allows you to not wait about for locked records and work on what is available -- the unlocked records.
How To Use SKIP LOCKED The MySQL world database has 274 records in the city table where the countryCode field equals 'USA' there are 274 records. From past interactions, we somehow know there are some records with the ID field greater than 4000.
On MySQL shell number 1, start a transaction and lock some records mysql>START TRANSACTION; mysql>SELECT * FROM city WHERE ID > 4000 and countryCode = 'USA'; There will be 66 records.
On MySQL shell number number 2, start a transaction and lets try to lock the records starting at IS 3990 and up. mysql>START TRANSACTION; mysql>SELECT FROM city WHERE id > 3990 and countryCode='USA'
FOR UPDATE SKIPPED LOCKED;
There will be 10 records.  The records …

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MySQL Shell with Command Completion

MySQL ShellCLI Interfaces are usually boring, ASCII-ish functional interfaces that are as about as exciting as paint drying or end user license agreements for your rice steamer. They get the job done but no excitement. The new MySQL Shell (mysqlsh instead of mysql at the command line is a great new tool but like its predecessor it is not exactly visually dynamic.

Until Now.

At labs.mysql.com there is a new version of the MySQL Shell that adds some new functionality and some visual enticements. I was in a session at Oracle OpenWorld and was impressed by not only the visually stunning upgrade but by the fact that we now get command auto-completion!

You can login as you did with the old shell but then you see that little bit …

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Showing entries 11 to 20 of 27
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