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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL 8.0 (reset)
Using OCI to install WordPress and MySQL 8.0

Today we will see how to install WordPress in Oracle Cloud (OCI).

We will use Oracle Cloud’s Free Trier and deploy 2 compute instances:

  • the webserver (apache, PHP and WordPress)
  • the database server (MySQL 8.0)

We will use one public IP to reach our site and our two servers will communicate using their own private network:

Deploying 2 compute instances

Let’s start by creating 2 compute instances:

We will use the Oracle Linux 7.7 on Micro Instances:

As I am in Belgium, I use the Frankfurt datacenter.

When our instances are deployed, we can find the public IP of one of them. This is the one we will use as webserver (you can free the public IP on the other one, the MySQL one):

At the creation, we entered a ssh key to access …

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Deploy MySQL InnoDB Cluster in OCI with Terraform

As you know, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (aka OCI) becomes more and more popular. You can find OCI data centers almost everywhere and the price is very attractive.

Something very interesting is the possibility to have different availability domains but also different fault-domains in the same availability one !

Oracle provides a lot of modules to deploy your architecture on OCI using Terraform. Those are called oracle-quickstart repos. You can find them on Github.

There is an official Reference Architecture for MySQL InnoDB Cluster in OCI that I encourage you to read before deploying your MySQL HA solution …

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An Overview of DDL Algorithm’s in MySQL ( covers MySQL 8)

Database schema change is becoming more frequent than before, Four out of five application updates(Releases) requires a corresponding database change, For a DBA schema change is a more often a repetitive task, it might be a request from the application team for adding or modifying columns in a table and many more cases.

MySQL supports online DDL from 5.6 and the latest MySQL 8.0 supports instant columns addition.

This blog post will look at the online DDL algorithms inbuilt which can be used to perform schema changes in MySQL.

DDL Algorithms supported by InnoDB is,

  • COPY
  • INPLACE
  • INSTANT ( from 8.0 versions)

INPLACE Algorithm:

INPLACE algorithm performs operations in-place to the original table and avoids the table copy and rebuild, whenever possible.

If the INPLACE algorithm is specified with the …

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MySQL Group Replication and its Memory consumption (troubleshooting).

This blog is about one of the issues encountered by our Remote DBA Team in one of the production servers. We have a setup of MySQL 5.7 Single Primary (Writer) GR with cluster size of  3 . Due to OOM, the MySQL process in the primary node got killed, this repeated over the course of the time.

We all know about the OOM (out of memory), theoretically, it is a process that the Linux kernel employs when the system is critically low on memory.

In a dedicated DB server, when the OOM triggers the direct impact will be on mysqld process since it will be the most memory consuming one.

Going forward will look into the detailed analysis made to tackle the issue of OOM.

DB Environment:-

  • Service – Group Replication Cluster
  • Cluster Nodes – 3
  • GR mode – Single Primary …
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preFOSDEM MySQL Days: summary and slides

What a great event ! I got very positive feedback for this extended preFOSDEM MySQL Day 2020.

Before my summary, I wanted to thank again all speakers and attendees. Without you this event won’t even exist. And thank you to ICAB for hosting us yet another time !

As you may know, we had 2 parallel tracks for 2 consecutive days. We had very valuable technical content from the MySQL developers and also from the external community members who talked about their favorite database.

There was a large interest in MySQL NDB Cluster and it was obvious that the nice presentations we had, encouraged people to try the worlds highest performance open source in-memory database (and they can even test it on their laptop with DBDeployer). The NDB users were also happy with the new stuff and impressive numbers that Bernd

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NDB Cluster, the World's Fastest Key-Value Store

Using numbers produced already with MySQL Cluster 7.6.10 we have
shown that NDB Cluster is the world's fastest Key-Value store using
the Yahoo Cloud Serving Benchmark (YCSB) Workload A.

Presentation at Slideshare.net.

We reached 1.4M operations using 2 Data Nodes and 2.8M operations
using a 4 Data Node setup. All this using a standard JDBC driver.
Obviously using a specialised ClusterJ client will improve performance
further. These benchmarks was executed by Bernd Ocklin.

The benchmark was executed in the Oracle Cloud. Each Data Node used
a Bare Metal Server using DenseIO which have 52 CPU cores with
8 NVMe drives.

The MySQL Servers and Benchmark clients was executed on Bare Metal
servers with 2 MySQL Server per server (1 MySQL Server per …

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MySQL 8.0 Certification is available !

The MySQL 8.0 DBA Certification is now available. 85 questions to get the first MySQL 8.0 certification ! You can find details on the Oracle Exam 1Z0-908 page.

This exams covers mostly all relevant topics for all MySQL 8.0 Administrator and you can register for it on Pearsonvue’s website.

Good luck if you are taking the exam !

Artwork credits: student by Wilson Joseph and Certificate by Berkah Icon from the Noun Project

Securing MySQL Binary logs at Rest in MySQL 8.0

We will have a look at a new feature in MySQL 8.0 called binlog encryption. This feature is available from the MySQL version 8.0.14 or above.

Our previous blogs discussed about table space encryption in MySQL and Percona servers. In Mydbops, we are giving high importance about achieving security compliances.

The binary log records changes made to the databases so that it can be used to replicate the same to the slaves and also for the point in time recovery (PITR). So, it means that if someone has access to the binary logs, they can reproduce our entire database in many forms. As a DBA, we need to make sure that the binary log files are protected from users who are having access to the file system and also, log files need …

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Troubleshooting an OLAP system on InnoDB

As a part of Mydbops Consulting we have a below problem statement from one of our client.

We have a high powered server for reporting which in turn powers our internal dashboard for viewing the logistics status.Even with a high end hardware, we had a heavy CPU usage and which in turn triggers spikes in replication lag and slowness. Below is the hardware configuration.

OS : Debian 9 (Stretch)
CPU : 40
RAM : 220G (Usable)
Disk : 3T SSD with 80K sustained IOPS.
MySQL : 5.6.43-84.3-log Percona Server (GPL)
Datasize : 2.2TB

Below is the graph on CPU utilisation from Grafana.

Since the work load is purely reporting(OLAP) we could observe a similar type of queries with different ranges. Below is the Execution plan of the query. It is a join query over 6 tables.

Explain Plan:

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Support 3-4 replicas in NDB Cluster 8.0

One thing that we announced in the GA release of MySQL Cluster 8.0 is
that we now support using 3 and 4 replicas. Actually the NDB software
was designed to support 1 through 4 replicas from the very get go in the
1990s. The reason it has not been supported is simply that we haven't
had any regular testing effort attached to it. Thus we haven't felt that
we can support such an important feature without having proper testing
of it.

What we did in the development of MySQL Cluster 8.0 is that we have
added a number of new configurations with both 3 replicas and with
4 replicas. These configurations will now be used in our daily testing
of NDB.

In the process of working on this we found some issues with arbitration
already in MySQL Cluster 7.6. This issue was fixed in 7.6 already.
So the way to decide how to handle a node failure in 7.6 and …

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