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Displaying posts with tag: bug (reset)
Follow-up on an Unprivileged User can Crash your MySQL Server

A year ago, I blogged about An Unprivileged User can Crash your MySQL Server.  At the time, I presented how to protect yourself against this problem without explaining how to generate a crash.  In this post, I am revisiting this vulnerability, not giving the exploit yet, but presenting the fix.  Also, because the default configuration of Group Replication in 5.7 is still vulnerable (it is not in

Duplicate Entry in ALTER TABLE (and in OPTIMIZE TABLE)

A few weeks ago and in MySQL 5.7, I had an ALTER TABLE that failed with a duplicate entry error.  This is old news as it is happening since MySQL 5.6, but I only saw this recently because I am normally using online schema change from the Percona Toolkit (pt-osc) or GitHub's online schema migration (gh-ost).  I do not like that and I am disappointed this has not been improved, so this post is

An Unprivileged User can crash your MySQL Server

Yes, your read the title correctly: an unprivileged user can crash your MySQL Server.  This applies for the default configuration of MySQL 8.0.21 (and it is probably the case for all MySQL 8 GA versions).  Depending on your configuration, it might also be the case for MySQL 5.7.  This needs malicious intent and a lot of determination, so no need to panic as this will not happen by accident.  I am

Does the Meltdown Fix Affect Performance for MySQL on Bare Metal?

In this blog post, we’ll look at does the Meltdown fix affect performance for MySQL on bare metal servers.

Since the news about the Meltdown bug, there were a lot of reports on the performance hit from proposed fixes. We have looked at how the fix affects MySQL (Percona Server for MySQL) under a sysbench workload.

In this case, we used bare metal boxes with the following specifications:

  • Two-socket Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2683 v3 @ 2.00GHz (in total 56 entries in /proc/cpuinfo)
  • Ubuntu 16.04
  • Memory: 256GB
  • Storage: Samsung SM863 1.9TB SATA SSD
  • Percona Server for MySQL 5.7.20
  • Kernel (vulnerable) 4.13.0-21
  • Kernel (with Meltdown fix) 4.13.0-25

Please note, the current kernel for Ubuntu 16.04 contains only a Meltdown fix, …

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MySQL 5.7 reads all your binlog files more often than you think

After upgrading some of our slaves to latest 5.7, I have found  what looks like a serious regression introduced in MySQL 5.7.
A couple weeks ago I noticed that the error log file of one of our clusters, where I had implemented my in place transparent compression of binary logs,  was literally flooded by the following error:

[ERROR] Binlog has bad magic number;  It's not a binary log file that can be used by this version of MySQL

In the above setup this is  an harmless error, and it should only happen at server startup, where mysqld opens and reads all available binary log files.  The error is due to the fact that since files are now compressed, mysqld doesn't recognize them as valid - not an issue, as only older files are compressed, and only after …

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when xtrabackup fails with 'read' returned OS error 0 after upgrading to 5.7

Here's something that has puzzled me for several weeks.
Right after migrating  MySQL from 5.6 to 5.7, we started experiencing random xtrabackup failures on some, but not all, of our slaves.
The failures were only happening when taking an incremental backup, and it would always fail on the same table on each slave, with errors similar to the following:

171106 13:00:33 [01] Streaming ./gls/C_GLS_IDS_AUX.ibd
InnoDB: 262144 bytes should have been read. Only 114688 bytes read. Retrying for the remaining bytes.
InnoDB: 262144 bytes should have been read. Only 114688 bytes read. Retrying for the remaining bytes.
InnoDB: 262144 bytes should have been read. Only 114688 bytes read. Retrying for the remaining bytes.
InnoDB: 262144 bytes should have been read. Only 114688 bytes read. Retrying for the remaining bytes.
InnoDB: 262144 bytes should have been read. Only 114688 bytes read. Retrying for …

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SET PASSWORD will lock you out of your slave in a mixed 5.6/5.7 MySQL topology

Long time no post.... :-)
Here's something interesting.

Last week I decided to give MySQL 5.7 a try (yes, I am kinda conservative DBA...) and the very same day that I installed my first 5.7 replica I noticed that, after changing my own password on the 5.6 master, I could no longer connect to the 5.7 slave.

Very annoying, to say the least! So I went and dug out the root password (which we do not normally use) and when I connected to the slave I was surprised to see that my password's hash on the 5.7 slave was different than the hash on the 5.6 master. No wonder I couldn't connect....

A bit of research on the MySQL documentation and I understood that 5.7 introduced few changes around the way you work with users' passwords.  SET PASSWORD is now deprecated in favour of ALTER USER: see MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual …

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When order of appearance of indexes matters in MySQL

Sometimes MySQL surprises you in ways you would have never imagined.

Would you think that the order in which the indexes appear in a table matters?
It does. Mind you, not the order of the columns - the order of the indexes.
MySQL optimizer can, in specific circumstances, take different paths, sometimes with nefarious effects.


Please consider the following table:

CREATE TABLE `mypartitionedtable ` (
  `HASH_ID` char(64) NOT NULL,
  `RAW_DATA` mediumblob NOT NULL,
  `EXPIRE_DATE` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  KEY `EXPIRE_DATE_IX` (`EXPIRE_DATE`),
  KEY `HASH_ID_IX` (`HASH_ID`)
) ENGINE=TokuDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 ROW_FORMAT=TOKUDB_UNCOMPRESSED
/*!50100 PARTITION BY RANGE (UNIX_TIMESTAMP(EXPIRE_DATE))
(PARTITION p2005 VALUES LESS THAN (1487847600) ENGINE = …

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CVE-2016-6225: Percona Xtrabackup Encryption IV Not Being Set Properly

If you are using Percona XtraBackup with

xbcrypt

 to create encrypted backups, and are using versions older than 2.3.6 or 2.4.5, we advise that you upgrade Percona XtraBackup.

Note: this does not affect encryption …

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MyRocks has some strange performance issues for index scans

The details on this issue are here:
https://github.com/facebook/mysql-5.6/issues/369

This test is very simple. I loaded the SSB (star schema benchmark) data for scale factor 20 (12GB raw data), added indexes, and tried to count the rows in the table.

After loading data and creating indexes, the .rocksdb data directory is 17GB in size.

A full table scan "count(*)" query takes less than four minutes, sometimes reading over 1M rows per second, but when scanning the index to accomplish the same count, the database can only scan around 2000 rows per second. The four minute query would take an estimated 1000 minutes, a 250x difference.

I have eliminated the type of CRC32 function (SSE vs non-SSE) by forcing the hardware SSE function by patching the code.

There seem to be problems with any queries …

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