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Displaying posts with tag: MySQL 8.0 (reset)
Measuring Percona Server for MySQL On-Disk Decryption Overhead

Percona Server for MySQL 8.0 comes with enterprise grade total data encryption features. However, there is always the question of how much overhead – or performance penalty – comes with the data decryption. As we saw in my networking performance post, SSL under high concurrency might be problematic. Is this the case for data decryption?

To measure any overhead, I will start with a simplified read-only workload, where data gets decrypted during read IO.

During query execution, the data in memory is already decrypted so there is no additional processing time. The decryption happens only for blocks that require a read from storage.

For the benchmark I will use the following workload:

sysbench …
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MySQL 8 is not always faster than MySQL 5.7

MySQL 8.0.15 performs worse in sysbench oltp_read_write than MySQL 5.7.25

Initially I was testing group replication performance and was puzzled why MySQL 8.0.15 performs consistently worse than MySQL 5.7.25.

It appears that a single server instance is affected by a performance degradation.

My testing setup

Hardware details:
Bare metal server provided by packet.net, instance size: c2.medium.x86
24 Physical Cores @ 2.2 GHz
(1 X AMD EPYC 7401P)
Memory: 64 GB of ECC RAM

Storage : INTEL® SSD DC S4500, 480GB

This is a server grade SATA SSD.

Benchmark

sysbench oltp_read_write --report-interval=1 --time=1800 --threads=24 --tables=10 --table-size=10000000 --mysql-user=root --mysql-socket=/tmp/mysql.sock run

In the following summary I used these combinations:

  • innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit=0 or 1
  • Binlog: …
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MySQL Connector/Python 8.0.14+: Changed Expression Handling in mysqlx

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The X DevAPI allows you to work with JSON documents and SQL tables at the same time. Furthermore, the CRUD style API is more intuitive than SQL statements for some programmers. Either way, the X DevAPI allows you to mix JSON documents, SQL tables, CRUD methods, and SQL statements to give you the best of all worlds. In MySQL Connector/Python, the X DevAPI is implemented in the mysqlx module.

This blog will look at how MySQL Connector/Python handles expressions, and how you in version 8.0.14 and later need to use the mysqlx.expr() method to explicitly define expressions.

Information

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Reduce MySQL Core Dump Size by Excluding the InnoDB Buffer Pool

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When things go horrible wrong and a process crashes, one of the most powerful things to investigate the cause of the crash is a core dump. As the amount of memory allocated to processes such as MySQL has increased – in some cases approaching 1TiB of memory – enabling core dumps can cause problems of their own. MySQL Server 8.0.14 and later supports an option to reduce the size of the core dump which will be discussed in this blog.

Typically the largest single user of memory for MySQL is the InnoDB buffer pool. This is used to cache the data and indexes for tables using the InnoDB storage engine (the default). It is rarely important to know what is stored in the InnoDB buffer pool when investigating a crash, so a good way to …

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MySQL Shell : the best DBA tool?

Last week I presented the following session at the pre-FOSDEM MySQL Day:

MySQL Shell : the best DBA tool ? from Frederic Descamps

The audience seemed very interested on how the MySQL Shell can be extended.

During the presentation I showed how I extended the MySQL Shell with two new modules in Python:

Both projects are on github and are waiting for ideas, feature requests, pull requests, …

Here is …

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MySQL Connector/Python 8.0.15: allow_local_infile Disabled by Default

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MySQL Server has a feature where you can insert data into a table from a file with the data delimited by commas, tabs, or another delimiter. This is particularly useful when you need to bulk import data, for example when restoring a backup or migrating data from one system to another including from another database product than MySQL. The mysqldump backup utility is an example of a program that supports exporting the data to delimited text files.

The statement to load the data is LOAD DATA INFILE. By default the file must be server-side and MySQL …

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More Statistics for Slow Queries: log_slow_extra

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The slow query log is the trusted old method of recording slow query, so the database administrator can determine which queries are in the most need for optimization. Since MySQL 5.6, it has to some extend been overshadowed by the Performance Schema which has lower overhead and thus allows collecting statistics about all queries. The slow query log has one major advantage though: the data is persisted. In MySQL 8.0.14 which was recently released, there is an improvement for the slow query log: additional statistics about the recorded queries.

The slow query log with log_slow_extra enabled.

Contribution

Thanks for Facebook for …

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Friday Feb 1st it is MySQL Day !

We are less than 48h before the more and more popular pre-FOSDEM MySQL Day !

Unfortunately one of our speaker won’t be able to deliver his talk. Indeed, Giuseppe had ton cancel is talk on containers (Automating MySQL operations with containers) but he will be present during the day and during the Community Dinner, so if you have questions, I’m sure he will gladly answer them.

So we have replace this great speaker by another great one: Shlomi Noach !

Shlomi will present a very new session: Un-split brain (aka Move Back in Time) MySQL.

Here is the updated …

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What the Heck is a Lateral Derived Table?

MySQL 8.0.14 came with Lateral Derived Tables as a new feature.  But what is that and how do you use them?

Let's start what a derived table is.  According to the manual (link below) A derived table is an expression that generates a table within the scope of a query FROM clause.   You are probably used to using a subquery or JSON_TABLE where that query feeds data into another query.

Derived Tables

Derived tables can return a scalar, column, row, or table. But there are limits to their use.
A derived table cannot be a correlated subquery and a derived table cannot contain references to other tables of the same SELECT. And previous to MySQL 8.0.14, a derived table cannot contain outer references.

Okay, so what is an 'outer reference'? The SQL-92 standard …

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How to backup your InnoDB Cluster ?

MySQL InnoDB is more and more popular. The adoption of it is even faster than I expected. Recently, during my travel in Stockholm, Sweden, a customer asked me what was the best practice to backup a cluster.

Since my interlocutor was a customer, the obvious choice is to use MySQL Enterprise Backup (known as MEB). Of course any other physical backup should be also fine.

The customer told me he was using cron to schedule his backup and was only using full backups… That’s perfect. So I told him that there is nothing complicated and that the cron job should something like:

mysqlbackup --with-timestamp --backup-dir /backup  backup

Of course, I do not recommend the use of --user clusteradmin --password=xxxxxin the cronjob but configure your crendentials using

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