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Displaying posts with tag: RDS (reset)
Data Consistency for RDS for MySQL: The 8.0 Version

In a previous blog post on Data Consistency for RDS for MySQL, we presented a workaround to manage run pt-table-checksum on RDS instances. However, if your instance is running a MySQL 8.0.X version, there’s a simpler way to check data consistency.

Starting with 8.0.1, MySQL introduced something called “Dynamic Privileges” which is a solution to grant more granulated privileges to the users, instead of the almighty SUPER privilege.

So what was the issue with pt-table-checksum and RDS again? Since there’s no SUPER privileges for any user, there was no way for the tool to change the binlog_format to STATEMENT… but not anymore.

The solution when using 8.0 is …

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Checking Data Consistency for RDS for MySQL

MySQL for RDS and DBaaS, in general, are very controlled environments by the vendors, meaning that there are missing things like a SUPER grant for the root user (and any user in general). This has some implications on operations, one of them being the impossibility of running pt-table-checksum to verify data consistency between a primary and its replicas.

However, there’s a workaround that might overcome this situation and involves three things:

  • The pt-table-checksum itself
  • A way to collect executed queries
  • And the last one, which can be controversial, is to remove the read-only from the replica and use a maintenance window to stop traffic to the database while pt-table-checksum runs.

The problem with RDS is that you cannot change binlog_format to STATEMENT, which is one of the requirements for pt-table-checksum to run.

The workaround consists of capturing the executed …

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Adding Your RDS Fleet to PMM2 Using the API

PMM (Percona Monitoring and Management) is a great community tool for monitoring your OSDB (MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB) fleet. It’s feature rich, and it’s built and distributed as open-source based on several de-facto industry standard tools such as Grafana and Prometheus. In the second half of last year, major version 2 was released and whereas the major components remained mostly the same, some significant architectural changes were made, but this is out-of-scope for this post.

Upgrading to PMM2 is basically the same as starting from scratch with a fresh install; it requires re-adding all your servers, which can be a painful process if you have a large fleet of instances. For servers where you have OS level access, you can just install the PMM2 agent, but for RDS there is no access to the OS so another approach is required. In this blog, I will focus on getting a large number of RDS instances added.

Adding RDS instances …

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Use Case: Geo-Scale Multi-Master MySQL

How to serve global IoT customers in the cloud – and secure SaaS revenue using Tungsten Clustering on cloud-based database services

SaaS providers typically rely on providing a quality service across multiple locations, with the best application and database availability. They tend to be growth-oriented and need to ensure that their business will always be available without having to worry about how their databases will achieve continuous operations.

Our customer for this use case is a global SaaS provider with an open data exchange platform for the Internet of Things (IoT) that has customers all over the globe.

This use case looks at how our customer migrated from a single region Amazon RDS deployment to a truly global, geo-distributed multi-master Tungsten Clustering database solution – a better, more scalable solution at a lower total cost. And how they did so without having to change their application, all the …

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A First Look at Amazon RDS Proxy

At re:Invent in Las Vegas in December 2019, AWS announced the public preview of RDS Proxy, a fully managed database proxy that sits between your application and RDS. The new service offers to “share established database connections, improving database efficiency and application scalability”.

But one of the benefits that caught my eye is the ability to reduce the downtime in case of an instance failure and a failover. As for the announcement:

In case of a failure, RDS Proxy automatically connects to a standby database instance while preserving connections from your application and reduces failover times for RDS and Aurora multi-AZ databases by up to 66%”

You can read more about the announcement and the new service on the AWS …

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Debezium MySQL Snapshot For AWS RDS Aurora From Backup Snaphot

I have published enough Debezium MySQL connector tutorials for taking snapshots from Read Replica. To continue my research I wanted to do something for AWS RDS Aurora as well. But aurora is not using binlog bases replication. So we can’t use the list of tutorials that I published already. In Aurora, we can get the binlog file name and its position from its snapshot of the source Cluster. So I used a snapshot for loading the historical data, and once it’s loaded we can resume the CDC from the main cluster.


  1. Running aurora cluster.
  2. Aurora cluster must have binlogs enabled.
  3. Make binlog retention period to a minimum 3 days(its a best practice).
  4. Debezium connector should be able to access both the clusters.
  5. Make sure you have different security …
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Handling Bi-Directional Replication between Tungsten Clusters and AWS Aurora

Overview The Skinny

In this blog post, we explore the correct way to implement bi-directional Tungsten Replication between AWS Aurora and Tungsten Clustering for MySQL databases.

Background The Story

When we are approached by a prospect interested in using our solutions, we are proud of our pre-sales process by which that we engage at a very deep technical level to ensure the we provide the best possible solution to meet with the prospect’s requirements. This involves an in-depth hands-on POC, in addition to the significant time and effort we spend building and testing the solution architectures in our lab environment as part of the proposal process.

From time to time, we are presented with requirements that are not always quite so straight forward. Just recently we faced such a situation. A …

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Create Aurora Read Replica With AWS CLI/Lambda Python

Today I was working for a scaleable solution in Aurora. Im going to publish that blog post soon in Searce Blog. As a part of this solution, I want to create Aurora read replicas programmatically. So we have done the create aurora read replica with AWS CLI and Lambda with Python. If you refer the …

The post Create Aurora Read Replica With AWS CLI/Lambda Python appeared first on SQLgossip.

Create Aurora Read Replica With AWS CLI/Lambda Python

Today I was working for a scaleable solution in Aurora. Im going to publish that blog post soon in Searce Blog. As a part of this solution, I want to create Aurora read replicas programmatically. So we have done the create aurora read replica with AWS CLI and Lambda with Python. If you refer the AWS Doc, they mentioned there is no separate module for creating Aurora Read replica in boto3 or cli. Instead we can use create-db-instance. Many people may confused with this term. This blog will help them to create aurora read replicas using AWS CLI and Lambda.

Required Permission:

If you are running this code via lambda then you can use the below policy.

  • Lambda - Create a new role for lambda and attach inline policy
  • EC2 Role - Create a new …
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Will IO Size Affect your RDS Performance?​

During our recent consulting with one of our client, We came across an interesting issue on RDS. The baseline is that “Low IO size on your RDS instance can affect your DB performance”.  Yes, It’s IO size, Not IOPS.

We had our production systems running on RDS MySQL with a single master, 3 replicas. All instances are of same type db.m4.4xlarge with same parameter group configuration and the disk size is 1.5 TB. According to the AWS user guide, each of these instances can support up to 4500 (sustained IOPS) guaranteed IOPS.

Find below the Write IOPS graph for all the instances.

It’s understood that Write IOPS / pattern on Master can vary when compared with Slave, due to a lot of factors like binlog row format, log writing etc. But it has to be almost similar for all the slaves given that it …

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