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Displaying posts with tag: variables (reset)
How to Configure Aurora RDS Parameters

In this blog post, we’ll look at some tips on how to configure Aurora RDS parameters.

I was recently deploying a few Aurora RDS instances, a process very similar to configuring a regular RDS instance. I noticed a few minor differences in the way you configure Aurora RDS parameters, and very few articles on how the commands should be structured (for RDS as well as Aurora). The only real literature available is the official Amazon RDS documentation.

This blog provides a concise “how-to” guide to quickly change Aurora RDS parameters using the AWS CLI. Aurora retains the parameter group model introduced with RDS, with new instances having the default read only parameter groups. For a new instance, you need to create and allocate a new parameter group (this requires a DB reboot). After that, you can apply changes to …

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How to Find Values of Session Variables With gdb

Usually I make notes while working on customer issues, reading the Slack channels or even scrolling across my Facebook news feed. Some of them are of "ToDo" kind, and this week while watching how my colleagues work on a very complicated crash/bug I noted that one of the problems they were discussing was how to find out from the core dump if the session behind the crashing thread had mrr=ON in the optimizer_switch.

I had already written more than once how to check MySQL threads one by one in gdb, depending on version and your real goal. For this post I decided to concentrate on checking the values of session variables and, specifically, individual switchable optimizations. This is actually …

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Exposing Innodb Internals via System Variables: Part 5, Consistency / Statistics handling

Introduction

This is the final installment of a five part blog series to explore InnoDB internals by looking at the related tunable system variables. In this section we’re going to cover variables that relate to enforcing data consistency, and how index statistics are handled and stored.

Just like previous sections, I would like to emphasize something that was written in part one of this blog post series.

I should note that while tuning recommendations are provided, this objective of this blog post series was NOT meant to be a tuning primer, but instead to explore the mechanics that each variable interacts with. As such I would like to advise against reading this guide and trying to fine tune all of the available InnoDB variables. System variable tuning is an exercise in diminishing returns, the most benefit you’ll get out of tuning your MySQL server will occur within the first 15 minutes of configuration. In …

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Exposing Innodb Internals via System Variables: Part 4, Concurrency

Introduction

This is part four of a five part blog series to explore InnoDB internals by looking at the related tunable system variables. In this section we’re going to explore the mechanics that impact CPU resourcing and how InnoDB handles concurrent threads. You’ll notice that a lot of the variables covered in section relate to features that are now disabled but were a lot more prevalent in previous versions of MySQL, particularly those that were released at a time where system context switching had a greater cost than it does today. These variables are still worth discussing as you may run into older systems that utilize these mechanics, and there are even modern systems I’ve worked with that have implemented these features to tune performance to its highest potential.

Just like previous sections, I would like to emphasize something that was written in part one of this blog post series.

“I should note that …

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Exposing Innodb Internals via System Variables: Part 1, Memory

Introduction

A couple of months ago I decided to give myself a refresher on the mechanics of InnoDB. Having a high level understanding of what’s going on under the hood can help provide the context needed in order to resolve issues you may encounter as well as assist you in ensuring that your MySQL instance is running efficiently. Everyone can stand to go back to basics every now and then, as it can help you pick up concepts that you may have missed the last time you researched the topic.

This time around I decided to give myself a refresher by re-reading the MySQL 5.6 reference manual, chapter 14, which covers the InnoDB engine. Despite having a wealth of documented knowledge and insights, I found that a lot of the points in the documentations were unclear, leading me to do more research and experimentation in order to get a bit of clarity on some of the specifics that I felt were missing. In order to help make the information …

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MySQL QA Episode 3: How to use the debugging tool GDB

Welcome to MySQL QA Episode 3: “Debugging: GDB, Backtraces, Frames and Library Dependencies”

In this episode you’ll learn how to use debugging tool GDB. The following debugging topics are covered:

1. GDB Introduction
2. Backtrace, Stack trace
3. Frames
4. Commands & Logging
5. Variables
6. Library dependencies
7. c++filt
8. Handy references
– GDB Cheat sheet (page #2): https://goo.gl/rrmB9i
– From Crash to testcase: https://goo.gl/3aSvVW

Also expands on live debugging & more. In HD quality (set your player to 720p!)

The post MySQL QA Episode 3: How to use the debugging tool GDB appeared …

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How to use and get output arguments in stored procedure using OUT parameter mode?

It is sometimes required to get the result of a stored procedure in a variable which can be used later or to output the result.

To do so, we can use the "OUT" parameter mode while defining stored procedures.

In the below section, we will be writing a stored procedure to get the square root of a number returned in an output variable provided by us.



Stored Procedure Definition:

Store the below stored procedure in a file named my_sqrt.sql and save it.

DELIMITER $$

DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS my_sqrt$$

CREATE PROCEDURE my_sqrt(inp_number INT, OUT op_number FLOAT)
BEGIN
    SET op_number=SQRT(inp_number);

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Changes to Options and Variables in MySQL 5.6

With MySQL 5.6 just gone GA, I thought it would be good to take a look at the changes in options and variables that comes with the new release.

First of all, several of the existing options have get new default values. As James Day already have written a good post about that in his blog, I will refer to that instead of going through the changes. For a general overview of the new features and improvements, the recent blogs by Rob Young and Peter Saitsev are good starting points together with the …

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What’s the isolation level do you use for InnoDB ?

In relation to these two posts from Justin Swanhart and Anders Karlsson about transaction isolation levels, I thought it was interesting to do a little survey to get an idea of the most commonly used isolation levels.

Note: There is a poll embedded within this post, please visit the site to participate in this post's poll. Related Posts :

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MySQL User Defined Variables

When I have discovered MySQL User-defined variables at the first time, I didn’t pay much attention to them and didn’t realize their strength. At first, one can think that they are just one of the many unnoticed MySQL features. Well, I was wrong. Here, I will try to summarize their strength, though I think there is […]

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