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Displaying posts with tag: Security (reset)
How to Persist a Hashed Format Password Inside ProxySQL

In this blog post, we will see how to persist the password inside the ProxySQL mysql_users table in hashed format only. Also, even if someone stored the password in cleartext, we see how to change those into the hashed format easily.

Here we are just highlighting one of the scenarios during work on the client environment where we noticed that the ProxySQL mysql_users table had more than 100 user entries, but some of them were available/inserted into the clear text password, whereas some were inserted properly into hashed entries.

Before just explaining those simple commands that were used to fix those clear text entries into the hashed entry quickly, let’s see some more information about the ProxySQL mysql_users table and the password formats.

Password formats inside ProxySQL

ProxySQL is capable of storing passwords in two different formats within the mysql_users.password

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Synopsis of Mydbops 20th edition of MyWebinar

Thank you to everyone who joined us for the 20th edition of MyWebinar. We hope that our time together helped to elevate and seam your work to perfection. We’re committed to giving back to the opensource database community in the coming days by presenting more LIVE events.

Monu Mahto, Database Consultant from Mydbops was successful in making this event more interactive, engaging, and, most importantly, productive for the audience. Thank you for your continuous contribution to the opensource community.

Topic: MySQL Data Encryption at Rest

Date: 25th of March, 2023

Time: 11 AM IST

The most important key takeaways are:

What is Data-at-rest Encryption ?

Data at rest means all inactive data stored on disk. …

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Increase the Ability to Securely Replicate Your Data and Restrict Replication To Row-based Events in MySQL

In this blog, I’ll discuss the use case for replication. We want to improve our ability to replicate your data and limit replication to row-based events securely, wherein we do not have control over the source(s).

The replica doesn’t have checking capabilities when processing replicated transactions as of MySQL 8.0.18. It does this to carry out all instructions from its upstream. The replica must impose data access limitations on the replicated stream because changes may get past the security barrier separating the source and replica in some configurations. In that situation, implementing the upstream changes in a more constrained security context is beneficial to organizations needing privilege-controlled aggregate data from multiple separate databases.

In MySQL 8.0.18, a new feature PRIVILEGE_CHECKS_USER is introduced in replication channels. When a PRIVILEGE CHECKS USER account is used, a replication channel is more protected …

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Feedback Wanted: Making EXPLAIN Require Less Privileges for INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE Statements

Introduction/TLDR:

We are considering changing EXPLAIN in Percona Server for MySQL to require less privileges for providing execution plans for INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE statements (and possibly changing the behavior for EXPLAIN SELECT as well), to make it more convenient and safer to use with monitoring and query analysis tools. We would like to get feedback from the Community about the different approaches for achieving this.

The problem:

Running EXPLAIN is a great way to understand how complex SQL statements are executed. So it is natural that monitoring and query analysis tools utilize EXPLAIN for these purposes.

However, there is a problem for cases when INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE statements need to be explained. Running EXPLAIN for these statements, a read-only operation, requires the same privileges as running the original statements …

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Least Privilege for Kubernetes Resources and Percona Operators

Operators hide the complexity of the application and Kubernetes. Instead of dealing with Pods, StatefulSets, tons of YAML manifests, and various configuration files, the user talks to Kubernetes API to provision a ready-to-use application. An Operator automatically provisions all the required resources and exposes the application. Though, there is always a risk that the user would want to do something manual that can negatively affect the application and the Operator logic.

In this blog post, we will explain how to limit access scope for the user to avoid manual changes for database clusters deployed with Percona Operators. To do so, we will rely on Kubernetes Role-based Access Control (RBAC).

The goal

We are going to have two roles: …

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MySQL Dual Passwords – How To Manage Them Programmatically

What is dual password in MYSQL and how it works was already covered by my colleague Brian Sumpter in Using MySQL 8 Dual Passwords.

However, let me do a brief recap here about it.

Dual password is the MySQL mechanism that allows you to keep two passwords active at the same time. This feature is part of a more extended set of password management features implemented in MySQL 8 to enforce better security and secrets management, like:

  • Internal Versus External Credentials Storage
  • Password Expiration Policy
  • Password Reuse Policy
  • Password Verification-Required Policy
  • Dual Password Support
  • Random Password Generation
  • Failed-Login Tracking and Temporary Account Locking

The most important and requested features are the password expiration and …

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ProxySQL Support for MySQL caching_sha2_password

Every day we use dozens if not hundreds of applications connecting to some kind of data repository. This simple step is normally executed over the network and, given so, it is subject to possible sniffing with all the possible related consequences.

Given that, it is normally better to protect your connection using data encryption like SSL, or at the minimum, make the information you pass to connect less easy to be intercepted.

At the same time, it is a best practice to not store connection credentials in clear text, not even inside a table in your database. Doing that is the equivalent of writing your password on a sticky note on your desk. Not a good idea.

Instead, the main options are either transforming the passwords to be less identifiable via hashing or storing the information in an external centralized vault.

In MySQL, the passwords are transformed to not be clear text, and several different plugins …

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Column-Level Encryption in MySQL

In a post written earlier this year – Percona Server for MySQL Encryption Options and Choices –  I discussed some of the options around encryption in MySQL.  Being such a complex topic, that post was meant to clarify and highlight various aspects of “encryption” at different levels.  I recently had this topic come up again, but specifically around column-level encryption and various options so I wanted to touch on this in more detail.

As of the current release of Percona Server for MySQL, there is no built-in way to define a single column as encrypted.  Ideally, there could be some metadata passed in a create statement and this would just automatically happen, such as this:

CREATE TABLE pii_data ( …

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Digital Signatures: Another Layer of Data Protection in Percona Server for MySQL

Imagine you need to design an online system for storing documents on a per-user basis where nobody, including database administrators, would be able to change the content of those documents without being noticed by document owners.

In Percona Server for MySQL 8.0.28-20, we added a new component called Encryption UDFs – an open-source alternative to MySQL Enterprise Encryption that allows users to access a number of low-level OpenSSL encryption primitives directly from MySQL. This includes calculating digests (with a great variety of hash functions), asymmetric key generation (RSA, …

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Securing Dynamic Log File Locations in MySQL

MySQL allows changing the location of the general log and the slow query log while the server is running by anybody having the SYSTEM_VARIABLES_ADMIN privilege to any location, including appending to existing files. In Percona Server for MySQL 8.0.28-19 we introduced a new system variable, secure-log-path, that can be used to restrict the location of these log files to avoid accidents or possible data corruption attacks.

When somebody with the system variables admin privilege changes these variables, the server runs a few sanity checks. Unfortunately, these checks are quite minimal, and only verify that the specified file is writable by mysqld.

Compared to this, other variables specifying write-related file and directory names are either read-only during the runtime of the server (such as datadir, tmpdir, or log_error), or have additional …

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