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Displaying posts with tag: crash (reset)
JFG Posted on the Percona Community Blog - A Nice Feature in MariaDB 10.3: no InnoDB Buffer Pool in Core Dumps

I just posted an article on the Percona Community Blog.  You can access it following this link:

A Nice Feature in MariaDB 10.3: no InnoDB Buffer Pool in Core Dumps

I do not know if I will stop publishing posts on my personal blog or use both, I will see how things go.  In the rest of this post, I will share why I published there and how things went in the process.

So there is a Percona

MySQL Crashes on DDL statement: A Lesson on purge threads

Recently there have been several issues reported to me about DDL activity causing MySQL crash scenarios. In one case it stemmed from dropping multiple databases, one after the other in rapid succession. But in the case that I was recently dealing with directly, where we were upgrading to MySQL 5.7, it was the result of mysql_upgrade running an ALTER TABLE FORCE on a 2.2Tb table in order to convert it to the new microsecond precision supporting data format.

The issue occurred after the intermediate table had been completely filled with all the necessary data and right when MySQL would swap out the existing table for the intermediate. After a period of time MySQL crashed and the following InnoDB monitor output was found in the error log.

 

2017-11-19T00:22:44.070363Z 7 [ERROR] InnoDB: The age of the last checkpoint is 379157140, which exceeds the log group capacity 377483674.
InnoDB: …

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How to Deal with XA Transactions Recovery

For most people (including me until recently) database XA transactions are a fuzzy concept. In over eight years with Percona, I have never had to deal with XA transactions. Then a few weeks ago I got two customers having issues with XA transactions. That deserves a post.

XA 101

What are XA transactions? XA transactions are useful when you need to coordinate a transaction between different systems. The simplest example could be simply two storage engines within MySQL. Basically, it follows this sequence:

  1. XA START
  2. Some SQL statements
  3. XA END
  4. XA PREPARE
  5. XA COMMIT or ROLLBACK

Once prepared, the XA transaction survives a MySQL crash. Upon restart, you’ll see something like this in the MySQL error log:

2017-08-23T14:53:54.189068Z 0 [Note] …
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How to create a rock-solid MySQL database backup & recovery strategy

Have you ever wondered what could happen if your MySQL database goes down?

Although it’s evident such a crash will cause downtime – and surely some business impact in terms of revenue – can you do something to reduce this impact?

The simple answer is “yes” by doing regular backups (of course) but are you 100% sure that your current backup strategy will really come through when an outage occurs? And how much precious time will pass (and how much revenue will be lost) before you get your business back online?

I usually think of backups as the step after HA fails. Let’s say we’re in M<>M replication and something occurs that kills the db but the HA can’t save the day. Let’s pretend that the UPS fails and those servers are completely out. You can’t failover; you have to restore data. Backups are a key piece of “Business Continuity.” Also factor in the frequent need to restore data that’s been …

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MySQL 5.5.40 Overview and Highlights

MySQL 5.5.40 was recently released (it is the latest MySQL 5.5, is GA), and is available for download here:

http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.5.html

This release, similar to the last 5.5 release, is mostly uneventful.

There were 0 “Functionality Added or Changed” bugs this time, and 18 bugs overall fixed.

Out of the 18 bugs, most seemed rather minor or obscure, but there are 3 I think are worth noting (all 3 are InnoDB-related, regressions, and serious if you encounter them, so best to be aware of them):

  • InnoDB: An ALTER TABLE … ADD FOREIGN KEY operation could cause a serious error. (Bug #19471516, Bug #73650)
  • InnoDB: With a transaction isolation level less than or equal to READ COMMITTED, gap locks …
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Are MariaDB tests adding anything extra over Oracle MySQL tests?

I grabbed all the tests introduced in MariaDB 5.5.32 (i.e. “bzr diff -rtag:mariadb-5.5.31..mariadb-5.5.32 mysql-test/” and some foo) and threw them in their own test file. I only kept tests for crashing bugs and ignored those that required plugins (there were two or three, but nothing major). So now I have a test file that should crash MariaDB 5.5.31 and probably before. But, the question is: does this crash Percona Server or MySQL?

While it is excellent to see the MariaDB guys including tests for their crashing bugs, are these MariaDB specific or do they affect other MySQL flavours?

I built a release build of top of trunk Percona Server and ran the test against it. I got no crashes. In a debug build, I got two. One was to do with REPAIR on an ARCHIVE table and the other was “SELECT UNIX_TIMESTAMP(STR_TO_DATE(’2020′,’%Y’));”. I found the same thing for a debug build of top of tree MySQL.

All the other tests …

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Initial Reactions to MySQL 5.6

New versions of MySQL are always interesting to try out. Often they have features which I may have asked for myself so it’s satisfying to see them eventually appear on a system I use. Often other new features make life easier for the DBA. Finally we hope overall performance will improve and managing the server(s) will be come easier.

So I had a system which needs to make heavy writes, and performance was a problem, even when writing to SSDs. Checkpointing seemed to be the big issue and the ib_logfile size in MySQL 5.5 is limited to 4 GB. That seems a lot, but once MySQL starts to fill these files (and this happens at ~70% of the total I believe),  checkpointing kicks in heavily, and slows things down.  So the main reason for trying out MySQL 5.6 was to see how things performed with larger ib_logfiles. (Yes, MariaDB 5.5 can do this too.)

Things improved a lot for my specific workload which was great news, but one thing …

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Nasty Regression Bug Seems Fixed in 5.5.18

For those who saw my previous post about the crashing (regression) bug with SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT) on InnoDB with Primary Key (PK), you’ll be interested to know my test case does not crash in 5.5.18 (which was just released).

I’ve only tested my test case thus far, but it seems fine.

Unfortunately, the fix is not mentioned in the 5.5.18 changelogs though.

And there is no mention (yet, anyway) of a fix in the bug report I filed (though it was designated a ‘duplicate’, so it wouldn’t necessarily be updated).

I’m trying to get confirmation from the MySQL Dev Team on this (via the bug report), and will update this post if/when I hear anything.

I’ll also perform some of the …

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Nasty Regression Bug: SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT) crashes InnoDB when WHERE operand is in Primary Key or Unique Index

In 5.5, a crashing, regression bug exists if you use SELECT COUNT(DISTINCT) *and* one of the WHERE operands is in the Primary Key (or just a unique index).

This simple crash (if only one row is in the table) will crash mysqld.

Of course I’ve filed a bug report, but that has been nearly 3 months and no updates yet.

Here is the bug I filed (which you won’t be able to view):

http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=61842

Really, the only thing that happened to my bug report was that it was designated a duplicate of another bug (which we also cannot view):

http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=61101

Based on the id, and the submitted dates of bugs 61100 and 61102, this initial bug (61101) was filed on May 9, 2011. So, in fact, this bug has been present for over …

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Unexpected mysqld crashing in 5.5

An update of MySQL from 5.0 to 5.5 on CentOS 5.5 64bit has not resulted in a good experience. The mysqld process would then crash every few minutes with the following message.

101120 8:29:27 InnoDB: Operating system error number 22 in a file operation.
InnoDB: Error number 22 means ‘Invalid argument’.
InnoDB: Some operating system error numbers are described at
InnoDB: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/operating-system-error-codes.html
InnoDB: File name /tmpfs/#sql6cf3_5c_0.ibd
InnoDB: File operation call: ‘aio write’.
InnoDB: Cannot continue operation.

The work around was to change the tmpdir=/tmpfs (which was a 16G tmpfs filesystem) to a physical disk.

The referenced URL didn’t provide any more information of help. Unlike Bug #26662 O_DIRECT is not specified as the flush method.

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