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Multi-source Replication with MariaDB Galera Cluster

December 1, 2014 By Severalnines

MariaDB 10 supports multi-source replication, and each MariaDB Galera node can have up to 64 masters connected to it. So it is possible to use a MariaDB Cluster as an aggregator for many single-instance MariaDB master servers.

In this blog post, we are going to show you how to setup multi-source replication with MariaDB Galera Cluster, where one of the Galera nodes is acting as slave to 3 MariaDB masters (see diagram below). If you would like to set this up with Percona XtraDB Cluster or Galera Cluster (Codership), please read this post instead.

 

MariaDB GTID vs MySQL GTID

 

MariaDB has a different implementation of Global Transaction ID (GTID), and is enabled by default starting from MariaDB 10.0.2. Multi-source replication in MariaDB works …

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Multi-source Replication with Galera Cluster for MySQL

November 20, 2014 By Severalnines

Multi-source replication means that one server can have multiple masters from which it replicates. Why multi-source? One good reason is to consolidate databases (e.g. merge your shards) for analytical reporting or as a centralized backup server. MariaDB 10 already has this feature, and MySQL 5.7 will also support it. 

It is possible to set up your Galera Cluster as an aggregator of your masters in a multi-source replication setup, we’ll walk you through the steps in this blog. Note that the howto is for Galera Cluster for MySQL (Codership) and Percona XtraDB Cluster. In a separate post, we’ll show you how to configure MariaDB Cluster 10 instead. If you would like to use MySQL Cluster (NDB) as aggregator, then check out this blog.

 

Galera …

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9 DevOps Tips for Going in Production with Galera Cluster for MySQL - Webinar Replay & Slides

November 14, 2014 By Severalnines

Thanks to everyone who attended and participated in this week's webinar on '9 DevOps Tips for Going in Production with Galera Cluster for MySQL'. If you missed the sessions or would like to watch the webinar again & browse through the slides, they are now available online.

 

In this webinar, Severalnines CTO Johan Andersson discussed 9 key aspects to consider before taking Galera Cluster for MySQL into production:

  • 101 Sanity Check
  • Operating System
  • Backup Strategies
  • Galera Recovery
  • Query Performance
  • Schema changes
  • Security / Encryption
  • Reporting
  • Protecting from Disasters

 

Watch the replay 9 DevOps Tips for Going in …

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How to setup High Availability PrestaShop on multiple servers with MariaDB Galera Cluster

November 7, 2014 By Severalnines

PrestaShop is a popular open source e-commerce software powering over 200,000 online stores, according to the company. We’ve seen a bit of interest into high availability PrestaShop setups, so this post will show you how to achieve that on multiple servers. Note that this setup not only caters for failures, but by load balancing traffic across multiple servers, it also allows the system to scale and handle more users.

This post is similar to our previous posts on web application scalability and high availability:

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Benchmark of Load Balancers for MySQL/MariaDB Galera Cluster

October 31, 2014 By Severalnines

When running a MariaDB Cluster or Percona XtraDB Cluster, it is common to use a load balancer to distribute client requests across multiple database nodes. Load balancing SQL requests aims to optimize the usage of the database nodes, maximize throughput, minimize response times and avoid overload of the Galera nodes. 

In this blog post, we’ll take a look at four different open source load balancers, and do a quick benchmark to compare performance:

  • HAproxy by HAproxy Technologies
  • IPVS by Linux Virtual Server Project
  • Galera Load Balancer by Codership
  • mysqlproxy by Oracle (alpha)

Note that there are other options out there, e.g. MaxScale from the MariaDB team, that we plan to cover in a future post.

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Data Warehouse in the Cloud - How to Upload MySQL data into Amazon Redshift for reporting and analytics

October 27, 2014 By Severalnines

The term data warehousing often brings to mind things like large complex projects, big businesses, proprietary hardware and expensive software licenses. With Hadoop came open source data analysis software that ran on commodity hardware, this helped address at least some of the cost aspects. We had previously blogged about MongoDB and MySQL to Hadoop. But setting up and maintaining a Hadoop infrastructure might still be out of reach for small businesses or small projects with limited budgets. Well, perhaps then you might want to have a look at Redshift.

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Integrating ClusterControl with FreeIPA and Windows Active Directory for Authentication

October 17, 2014 By Severalnines

Integrating ClusterControl with a corporate LDAP directory is a common task for many IT organizations. In an earlier blog, we showed you how to integrate ClusterControl with OpenLDAP. In this post, we will show you how to integrate with FreeIPA and Windows Active Directory. 

 

How ClusterControl Performs LDAP Authentication

 

ClusterControl supports up to LDAPv3 protocol based on RFC2307. More details on this in the documentation.

 

When authenticating, ClusterControl will first bind to the directory tree server (LDAP …

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Database Automation - Private DBaaS for MySQL, MariaDB and MongoDB with ClusterControl

October 9, 2014 By Severalnines

Installing, configuring, deploying databases and performing repetitive administrative tasks are all part of a DBA’s or sysadmin’s job. This can get pretty repetitive and overwhelming if you are part of a centralized IT team, running multiple databases for your organization’s different departments, or a managed hosting provider responsible for setting up and operating databases for external clients. One way to get out of this ‘manual, repetitive task’ business is through a Database as a Service (DBaaS).

DBaaS is a way of delivering database functionality as a service to one or more consumers. A DBaaS platform would provide automated procedures for database deployment, monitoring, backups, recovery/repair, scaling, security/multi-tenancy, etc. This type of automation is especially useful where agility is needed, e.g. for systems that require elasticity by scaling out or scaling back at short …

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ePayment Processing Data over multi-Datacenter MariaDB Cluster - Paytrail chooses ClusterControl

September 26, 2014 By Severalnines

Paytrail is a leading e-payment method provider from Finland, and is expanding globally. Established in 2007, Paytrail currently has over 4,000 business customers, works with over 350 partners and its solution is available in all SEPA (Single Euro Payments Area) countries.

 

Paytrail offers a new online shopping solution that allows consumers to use one login for all of their online purchases. And it provides everything that is needed for online shopping in addition to traditional payment methods (bank e-payments, credit and debit card payments, invoicing and installments). 

 

This new case study describes how Paytrail came to work with Severalnines to achieve a fault-tolerant database cluster across two data centers.


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mysqldump or Percona XtraBackup? Backup Strategies for MySQL Galera Cluster

September 25, 2014 By Severalnines

Coming up with a backup strategy that does not affect database performance or lock your tables can be tricky. How do you backup your production database cluster without affecting your applications? Should you use mysqldump or Percona Xtrabackup? When should you use incremental backups? Where do you store the backups? In this blog post, we will cover some of the common backup methods for Galera Cluster for MySQL/MariaDB, and how you can get the most out of these. 

 

Backup Method

 

There are various ways to backup your Galera Cluster data:

  • xtrabackup (full physical backup)
  • xtrabackup (incremental physical backup)
  • mysqldump (logical backup)
  • binary logging 
  • replication slave

 

Xtrabackup (full backup)

Xtrabackup is an open-source MySQL hot …

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