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Displaying posts with tag: Xtrabackup (reset)
Overview of Different MySQL Replication Solutions

In this blog post, I will review some of the MySQL replication concepts that are part of the MySQL environment (and Percona Server for MySQL specifically). I will also try to clarify some of the misconceptions people have about replication.

Since I’ve been working on the Solution Engineering team, I’ve noticed that – although information is plentiful – replication is often misunderstood or incompletely understood.

So What is Replication?

Replication guarantees information gets copied and purposely populated into another environment, instead of only stored in one location (based on the transactions of the source environment).

The idea is to use secondary servers on your infrastructure for either reads or other administrative solutions. The below diagram shows an example of a MySQL replication …

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How to Replace MySQL with Percona Server on a CPanel, WHM VPS or Dedicated Server

In this blog post, we’ll look at how to replace MySQL with Percona Server for MySQL on a CPanel, WHM VPS or dedicated server.

In general, CPanel and WHM have been leaning towards support of MariaDB over other flavors. This is partly due to the upstream repos replacing the MySQL package with MariaDB (for example, on CentOS).

MySQL 5.6 is still supported though, which means they are keeping support for core MySQL products. But if you want to get some extra performance enhancements or enterprise features for free, without getting too many bells and whistles, you might want to install Percona Server.

I’ve done this work on a new dedicated server with the latest WHM and CPanel on CentOS 7, with MySQL 5.6 installed. …

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MySQL Support Engineer's Chronicles, Issue #4

This week I had to deal with some unusual problems. But let me start with Percona's xtrabackup, software that I consider a key component of many current production MySQL setups and use regularly. Recently new minor versions of XtraBackup were released, check the details on 2.4.5, for example. It made a step towards support of MariaDB 10.2, but it's still a long way to go, see this pull request #200.

My main problem with xtrabackup, though, is not with lack of support of MariaDB 10,2-specific features. Why should they care, after all... The problem is that old well known bugs and problems are not resolved, those that may affect all MySQL versions, forks and environments. Check  …

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MySQL encrypted streaming backups directly into AWS S3


Cloud storage is becoming more and more popular for offsite storage and DR solutions for many businesses. This post will help with those people that want to perform this process for MySQL backups directly into Amazon S3 Storage. These steps can probably also be adapted for other processes that may not be MySQL oriented.


In order to perform this task we need to be able to stream the data, encrypt it, and then upload it to S3. There are a number of ways to do each step and I will try and dive into multiple examples so that way you can mix and match the solution to your desired results.  The AWS S3 CLI tools that I will be using to do the upload also allows encryption but to try and get these steps open for customization, I am going to do the encryption in the stream.

  1. Stream MySQL backup
  2. Encrypt the stream
  3. Upload the stream to AWS S3

Step 1 : …

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TwinDB talks on Percona Live 2016

Percona Live is a Christmas in MySQL world. It’s time when all friends and family gather over a glass of beer. Everyone is talking about achievements of the last year and make New Year resolutions for a next one.

There will be two talks from TwinDB this year. One is about data recovery and one – about backups.

The data recovery talk is a kind of traditional talk. I will briefly cover InnoDB files format so you know where to look for data. I will show how to recover data from two most popular accidents: InnoDB tablespace corruption and DROP TABLE or DROP DATABASE. Data recovery is impossible without table structure recovery. I will show how to get the structure from an .frm file or from InnoDB dictionary (think of DROP TABLE when the .frm file is gone). We made a drastic improvement in user …

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On Upgrades to Percona Server 5.7 GA: Ubuntu 14.04 Case

After upgrading Percona Server 5.6.28 (and "full stack" of Percona software) to 5.7.10-3 GA on CentOS 6 and building it from Git Source on Fedora Core 23 yesterday, I've decided to spend some time upgrading Percona Server on my netbook that plays a role of "home build/test/VMs server" and runs under Ubuntu 14.04:
openxs@ao756:~$ uname -a
Linux ao756 3.13.0-77-generic #121-Ubuntu SMP Wed Jan 20 10:50:42 UTC 2016 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
openxs@ao756:~$ cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 14.04.4 LTS \n \lIt had the following set of Percona packages (as a result of some tests with Percona XtraDB Cluster I had to use sometime while working there) and mysqld process running after OS …

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On Upgrades to Percona Server 5.7 GA: CentOS 6 Case

As you probably noted, Percona had finally released Percona Server 5.7 GA two days ago. I had not paid much attention to this branch during last month or so, but as it's GA now I decided to check what's there, how it works and install/upgrade different boxes and VMs to use it.

For testing purposes and for this series of blog posts I am going to build it from Git source (at least on Fedora Core 23), upgrade to it on 32-bit Ubuntu 15.04 VM, upgrade to it on 64-bit Ubuntu 14.04 laptop, upgrade to it on 64-bit CentOS 6.7 VM and maybe more. If any of the attempts to install/upgrade ends up with something worth sharing, I am going to write about the experience, problems (if any) and solutions.

Yesterday I've spent some …

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Data loss after MySQL restart

Not so long ago I had a customer who experienced data loss after MySQL restart. It was really puzzling. MySQL was up & running for many months, but after the customer restarted MySQL server all tables have gone. The tables were still visible in SHOW TABLES output, but they were not readable:

mysql> show tables like 'actor';
| Tables_in_sakila (actor) |
| actor                    |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> select * from actor;
ERROR 1146 (42S02): Table '' doesn't exist

To understand what’s happened let make some experiments (WARNING: Don’t do it on production or with valuable data).

Let’s take a healthy MySQL instance with installed sakila database.

While MySQL …

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Optimizing PXC Xtrabackup State Snapshot Transfer

State Snapshot Transfer (SST) at a glance

PXC uses a protocol called State Snapshot Transfer to provision a node joining an existing cluster with all the data it needs to synchronize.  This is analogous to cloning a slave in asynchronous replication:  you take a full backup of one node and copy it to the new one, while tracking the replication position of the backup.

PXC automates this process using scriptable SST methods.  The most common of these methods is the xtrabackup-v2 method which is the default in PXC 5.6.  Xtrabackup generally is more favored over other SST methods because it is non-blocking on the Donor node (the node contributing the backup).

The basic flow of this method is:

  • The Joiner:
    • joins the cluster …
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Percona XtraBackup 2.3.1-beta1 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraBackup 2.3.1-beta1 on May 20th 2015. Downloads are available from our download site here. This BETA release, will be available in Debian testing and CentOS testing repositories.

This is an BETA quality release and it is not intended for production. If you want a high quality, …

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