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Displaying posts with tag: Caching (reset)
It’s about Time.


This post started with a simple question: “Does the function NOW() get executed every time a row is examined?” According to the manual,  “Functions that return the current date or time each are evaluated only once per query …. multiple references to a function such as NOW() … produce the same result. …. (However,) as of MySQL 5.0.12, SYSDATE() returns the time (the row is) executes. “

  • CURDATE() returns the current date.
  • CURTIME() returns the current time.
  • UTC_DATE() returns the current UTC date.
  • UTC_TIME() returns the current UTC time.
  • NOW() return the current date and time.
  • UTC_TIMESTAMP() returns the current UTC date and time.
  • SYSDATE() returns the date and …
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Database Architectures & Performance

For decades the debate between shared-disk and shared-nothing databases has raged. The shared-disk camp points to the laundry list of functional benefits such as improved data consistency, high-availability, scalability and elimination of partitioning/replication/promotion. The shared-nothing camp shoots back with superior performance and reduced costs. Both sides have a point.

First, let’s look at the performance issue. RAM (average access time of 200 nanoseconds) is considerably faster than disk (average access time of 12,000,000 nanoseconds). Let me put this 200:12,000,000 ratio into perspective. A task that takes a single minute in RAM would take 41 days in disk. So why do I bring this up?

Shared-Nothing: Since the shared-nothing database has sole ownership of its data—it doesn’t share the data with other nodes—it can operate in the machine’s local RAM, only writing infrequently to disk (flushing the data …

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Advanced Squid Caching in Scribd: Cache Invalidation Techniques

Having a reverse-proxy web cache as one of the major infrastructure elements brings many benefits for large web applications: it reduces your application servers load, reduces average response times on your site, etc. But there is one problem every developer experiences when works with such a cache – cached content invalidation.

It is a complex problem that usually consists of two smaller ones: individual cache elements invalidation (you need to keep an eye on your data changes and invalidate cached pages when related data changes) and full cache purges (sometimes your site layout or page templates change and you need to purge all the cached pages to make sure users will get new visual elements of layout changes). In this post I’d like to look at a few techniques we use at …

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Introduction to memcached

These are the slides to a talk I did earlier this week for students of the professional bachelor in ICT course at KaHo St. Lieven. I wanted to give a clear and simple introduction to the memcached service, as I think it’s an invaluable tool in today’s web development.

10x Performance Improvements in MySQL – A Case Study

The slides for my presentation at FOSDEM 2010 are now available online at slideshare. In this presentation I describe a successful client implementation with the result of 10x performance improvements. My presentation covers monitoring, reviewing and analyzing SQL, the art of indexes, improving SQL, storage engines and caching.

The end result was a page load improvement from 700+ms load time to a a consistent 60ms.

10x Performance Improvements – A Case Study View more presentations from Ronald Bradford.

Using the Query Cache effectively

Maximize your strengths, minimize your weaknesses.

You can apply this approach to many things in life, I apply it to describing and using MySQL the product, and it’s components. The Query Cache like many features in MySQL, and indeed features in many different RDBMS products (don’t get me started on Oracle *features*) have relative benefits. In one context it can be seen as ineffective, or even detrimental to your performance, however it’s course grain nature makes it both trivial to disable dynamically (SET GLOBAL query_cache_size=0;), and also easy to get basic statistics on current performance (SHOW GLOBAL STATUS LIKE ‘QCache%’;) to determine effectiveness and action appropriately.

The Query Cache is course grained, that is it is rather simple/dumb in nature. When you understand the path of execution of a query within the MySQL kernel you learn a few key things.

  • When enabled, by default the Query …
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Advanced Squid Caching in Scribd: Logged In Users and Complex URLs Handling

It’s been a while since I’ve posted my first post about the way we do document pages caching in Scribd and this approach has definitely proven to be really effective since then. In the second post of this series I’d like to explain how we handle our complex document URLs and logged in users in the caching architecture.

First of all, let’s take a look at a typical Scribd’s document URL:

As we can see, it consists of a document-specific part (/doc/1) and a non-unique human-readable slug part (/Improved-Statistical-Test). When a user comes to the site with a wrong slug in the document URL, we need to make sure we send the user to the correct …

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Caching Business Logic in the Database

This is a presentation I gave at the Cloud Expo Europe in London on the 21st of May 2009.

I speak about: Caching the results of processed data - data that had business logic applied to it - to the database to be re-used later.

Caching Business Logic in the Database

I Will be Speaking at the Cloud Computing Expo

As the title says, I will be speaking at the Cloud Computing Expo.And while I have spoken before to a bunch of people before, this is by far, a lot bigger.
The topics I was thinking of talking about was a piece from my previous presentation which would be about speeding up MySQL for a web site developers.I have edited those parts of the presentation and uploaded then to youtube.They can be found here and here.
What I'd like to talk about is a mixture of the posts I had about Storing Conditions

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Database Sharding at Netlog, with MySQL and PHP

This article accompanies the slides from a presentation on database sharding. Sharding is a technique used for horizontal scaling of databases we are using at Netlog. If you’re interested in high performance, scalability, MySQL, php, caching, partitioning, Sphinx, federation or Netlog, read on …

This presentation was given at the second day of FOSDEM 2009 in Brussels. FOSDEM is an annual conference on open source software with about 5000 hackers. I was invited by Kris Buytaert and Lenz Grimmer to give a talk in the MySQL Dev Room. The talk was based …

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