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Hybrid Cloud Replication for MySQL for High Availability

Hybrid environments, where a part of the database infrastructure is located on-prem and some of it is located in a public cloud are not uncommon. There may be different reasons to use such setup - scalability, flexibility, high availability, disaster recovery. How to implement this setup in a proper way? This might be challenging as you have to consider several pieces of a puzzle that have to fit together. This blog is intended to give you some insights into how such a setup may look like.


We are not going into details here because there are many ways of setting up connectivity between your on-prem setup and the public cloud. It will depend on the infrastructure you have in place, the public cloud you want to use and many other factors. Range of options may start with BGP-enabled routers, through hardware VPN, software VPN ending up on SSH tunnels as a way to temporarily connect your network to the instances in a public …

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Deploy WordPress on OCI using MDS – updated version

This blog post was first published on

Hello fine gourmets, for my first dish in the, I decide to present you how to deploy WordPress on OCI using MySQL Database Service aka MDS.

I wrote some Terraform recipes that you can find on my GitHub repository: oci-wordpress-mds.

In this first post, I will show how easy it’s to deploy directly from OCI’s dashboard using Resource Manager’s stack. I will also share the recent additions.

The first think to do is to download the stack in releases from GitHub:

When the zip file is downloaded locally, you can login in …

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Fastest Parallel replication method in MySQL 8.

From MySQL 5.7, we had a Multi-threaded Slave (MTS) Applier mechanism called LOGICAL_CLOCK to overcome the problems of parallel replication within a database.

To further improve the parallelisation mechanism, from MySQL 8 (5.7.22) we have write-set replication, so before going further , lets look at the difference between Logical clock (LC) and Writeset.


Transactions that are part of the same binary log group commit on a master are applied in parallel on a slave. The dependencies between transactions are tracked based on their timestamps to provide additional parallelisation where possible.


Write-set is a mechanism to track independent transactions that can be executed in parallel in the slave. Parallelising on write sets has potentially much more parallelism than logical_clock ,since it does not depend …

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How to use the Oracle MySQL Database Service with applications that run in AWS

This post was written by:

Nicolas De Rico: Oracle Cloud Solutions Engineer - MySQL

Sergio J Castro: Oracle Cloud Solutions Engineer - Networking


From RDS to MDS


When an application reaches the maximum capabilities offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS) RDS, it is often recommended to migrate to the AWS Aurora service.   However, Aurora is based on an older version of MySQL.  Aurora still does not support MySQL 8.0, which was released in April 2018.  Therefore, it may be difficult to port applications to Aurora, and later, out of Aurora because of its proprietary aspects.


Defy conventional wisdom by upgrading from RDS to MDS and access many benefits


Instead of …

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Various Types of InnoDB Transaction Isolation Levels Explained Using Terminal

The goal of this blog post is to explain the various types of transaction isolation levels available in MySQL. After reading the blog, you will be able to explain dirty reads, non-repeatable reads, and the concept of phantom rows as well.

What is the Isolation Level in MySQL?

Isolation (I) is one of the properties from ACID. It defines how each transaction is isolated from other transactions and is a critical component of application design. As per the SQL:1992 standard, InnoDB has four types of Isolation levels. Below, I have listed the types in order, and each transaction isolation level provides better consistency compared to the previous one.


You can change the isolation level using the variable “transaction_isolation” at runtime. As transaction isolation changes can …

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InnoDB Data Locking – Part 3 “Deadlocks”

In this  blog series, I’m describing how InnoDB locks data (tables and rows) in order to provide illusion to clients that their queries are executed one after another, and how this was improved in recent releases.
In InnoDB Data Locking – Part 1 “Introduction” I’ve introduced basic concepts required to understand current post:

  • databases, tables, rows (like files on a shared drive, spreadsheets inside a file, and rows inside a spreadsheet)
  • serializability of transactions (ability to explain states observed over time with a convincing story about relative order of parallel operations)
  • timeouts (for misbehaving lock owners, and to resolve deadlocks)
  • reader-writer lock …
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Measuring the Impact of Dynimize on Your MySQL Workload

While it's easier to measure the impact of Dynimize if you are running a MySQL benchmark with clear metrics, it can sometimes be a challenge on a production workload where you don't have precise performance analytics or metrics available. There are many great MySQL performance analysis tools out there, however they can often take time and effort to setup.

The simple measureDyniMysql script was created for this exact reason, and does not incur any MySQL downtime. You can find it at /opt/dynimize/measureDyniMysql after installing Dynimize. It will report the change in MySQL queries per second and mysqld CPU usage after applying Dynimize. Here is how to use it.

1. Install and start dynimize, and get your mysqld process into the dynimized state. For example, the …

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How To Set Up MySQL on DigitalOcean

MySQL is the number one open source relational database management system in the world, and is used by millions of developers across all application types. DigitalOcean, a fast-growing cloud provider that’s increasing in popularity amongst the developer community, is a great host to consider for your MySQL deployments. In this article, we’re going to show […]

MySQL & Friends FOSDEM Dev Room

 FOSDEM has become one of the biggest shows on the calendar of the MySQL Community Team.  FOSDEM itself, until this year, is barely contained chaos at a university in Brussels with no pre-enrollment for any of the dozens of themed rooms and no head count.  This year the event is virtual so you do not have to get to Belgium.

The MySQL and Friends Developer Room is Sunday and starts at 10:00am  Belgium time with a retrospective of the first twenty five years of MySQL. This is followed 15 other talks of about 25 minutes on everything from ARM to user management. 

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Webinar February 24: What’s Old Is New, What’s Coming Is Here – Percona Offerings for MySQL 5.6 and DBaaS in PMM

Join Brian Walters and Brandon Fleisher for an interactive discussion around new service and software offerings coming from Percona.

Oracle has decided that MySQL 5.6 will reach its end of life in February 2021. This means there will be no more updates and, more importantly, no more security fixes for discovered vulnerabilities. Yikes! Did you know you have options? Did you know Percona can solve this problem? Tune in to find out how.

Choosing a database-as-a-service (DBaaS) provider can be a daunting challenge. Not ready to move to DBaaS in the public cloud? Or, are you constrained to on-prem deployment due to regulations or other market conditions? Tune-in to learn how Percona is bringing the benefits of simplified DBaaS deployment to the on-prem, private cloud, and hybrid datacenter.

This interactive webinar will be conducted in a roundtable forum style. Bring your interests, bring …

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