Join 8000 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. In the past two years we’ve written a ton of material on scalability. Here’s the greatest hits… Why Generalists Are Better at Scaling the Web The internet stack is a complex infrastructure of interlocking components. An scalability engineer must be adept at Linux, plus webservers, […]
Join 8000 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. SQL is derided by many and for good reason. It’s key to scalability yet terribly difficult to write good code. Here’s a few quick tips to write tighter queries in MySQL 1. Get rid of those Subqueries! Subqueries are a standard part of SQL, unfortunately […]
Join 7500 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean.
There’s a lot of talk on the web about scalability. Making web applications scale is not easy. The modern web architecture has so many moving parts. How can we grapple with the underlying problem?
The LAMP stack scales well
The truth that is half right. True there are a lot of moving parts, and a lot to setup. The internet stack made up of Linux, Apache, MySQL & PHP. LAMP as it’s called, was built to be resilient, dynamic, and scalable. It’s essentially why Amazon works. Why what they’re doing is possible. Windows …[Read more]
Join 7000 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. MySQL’s optimizer can do a lot of things, but subqueries are not always handled well. Take a look at the IN subquery below. If you see the DEPENDENT SUBQUERY in your explain plan, you may want to take a second look. This will run slow [...]
Join 6100 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. There are two ways to speedup UNIONs in a MySQL database. First use UNION ALL if at all possible, and second try to push down your conditions. [mytweetlinks] 1. UNION ALL is much faster than UNION How does a UNION work? Imagine you have two [...]
Join 6100 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. The Foundation of Speed All servers use disk to store files. Operating system libraries, webserver & application code, and most importantly databases all use disk constantly. So disk speed is crucial to server speed. [mytweetlinks] [quote] Disk speed is crucial for MySQL databases. It has [...]
Read the original article at Five More Things Deadly to Scalability
Join 6000 others and follow Sean Hull on twitter @hullsean. 1. Slow Disk I/O – RAID 5 – Multi-tenant EBS Disk is the grounding of all your servers, and the base of their performance. True with larger and larger main memory, much is available in cache, a server still needs to constantly read from disk [...]
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We’ve told you all about MySQL mult-master replication’s limitations. If you write to two masters it is bound to fail for myriad reasons. Now what? Do what the pros do that’s what. A. Don’t write to both masters Using multi-master replication works great as long as you do so in active-passive mode. Never write to [...]
April 26, 2013 By Severalnines
This post shows you how to move from a single instance Drupal/MySQL to a multi-server environment. A well designed multi-server deployment not only allows Drupal to scale, but will also enhance redundancy by removing single points of failure. Components used are Apache, PHP, csync2, lsyncd, Keepalived, HAproxy, MySQL Galera Cluster and ClusterControl.
Here’s the last nail in the coffin. We hope this convinces you not to write to multiple masters with MySQL replication. Reason 10 – No tools to reconcile inconsistent masters For all the endless reasons we’ve already outlined MySQL replication is prone to failure. We know it’s going to happen, you now know too. When [...]