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Displaying posts with tag: mysql-and-variants (reset)
Replay the Execution of MySQL With RR (Record and Replay)

Chasing bugs can be a tedious task, and multi-threaded software doesn’t make it any easier. Threads will be scheduled at different times, instructions will not have deterministic results, and in order for one to reproduce a particular issue, it might require the exact same threads, doing the exact same work, at the exact same time. As you can imagine, this is not straightforward.

Let’s say your database is crashing or even having a transient stall.  By the time you get to it, the crash has happened and you are stuck restoring service quickly and doing after-the-fact forensics.  Wouldn’t it be nice to replay the work from right before or during the crash and see exactly what was happening?

Record and Replay is a technique where we record the execution of a program allowing it to be replayed over and over producing the same result. Engineers at …

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MySQL 101: Basic MySQL Server Triage

So your MySQL server has crashed.  What do you do now?  When a server is down, in my opinion, there are two steps that are essential and both are extremely important and neither should be neglected:

  1. Save diagnostic information for determining the root cause analysis (RCA).
  2. Get the server back up and running.

Too many people rush to Step #2 and lose pertinent diagnostics from Step #1.  Likewise, too many people will spend too much time on Step #1 and delay getting to Step #2 and restoring service.  The goal is to collect diagnostics as quickly as possible for later review while getting service restored as fast as possible.

As a Technical Account Manager (TAM) and assisting on server restoration calls, I have seen both issues at play.  Technical resources have a tendency to get so bogged down in trying to understand the cause of the server outage that they …

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Things you didn’t know about MySQL and Date and Time and DST

(based on a conversation with a colleague, and a bit of Twitter)

A Conundrum

A developer colleague paged me with this:

mysql> select
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 03:07:00" + INTERVAL 2 YEAR) -
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 02:07:00" + INTERVAL 2 YEAR) as delta\G
delta: 420

It is obviously wrong, and weirdly so. It only works for “2 year”, not with other values:

mysql> select
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 03:07:00" + INTERVAL 1-11 year_month) -
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 02:07:00" + INTERVAL 1-11 year_month) as delta\G
delta: 3600

mysql> select
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 03:07:00" + INTERVAL 1-12 year_month) -
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 02:07:00" + INTERVAL 1-12 year_month) as delta\G
delta: 3600

mysql> select
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 03:07:00" + INTERVAL 1-13 year_month) -
UNIX_TIMESTAMP("2021-03-26 02:07:00" + INTERVAL …
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Which Version of MySQL Should I Use for MyRocks?

As database footprints continue to explode, many companies are looking for ways to deal with such rapid growth.  One approach is to refactor traditional relational databases to fit into a NoSQL engine, where horizontal scalability is easier.  However, in many cases, this is in no way a trivial undertaking.

Another approach that has been gaining interest is the use of MyRocks as an alternative storage engine to the traditional InnoDB.  While not for everyone, in certain use cases it could be a potential solution.  As with so many things open source, the next standard questions are: which version should I use?  Any differences with the engine if I use MyRocks with MySQL 5.7 vs 8.0?

In this post, I wanted to touch on this and give some high-level thoughts on MyRocks when it comes to the version of MySQL.

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Percona XtraBackup Point-In-Time Recovery for the Single Database

Recovering to a particular time in the past is called Point-In-Time Recovery (PITR). With PITR you can rollback unwanted DELETE without WHERE clause or any other harmful command.

PITR with Percona XtraBackup is pretty straightforward and perfectly described in the user manual. You need to restore the data from the backup, then apply all binary logs created or updated after the backup was taken, but skip harmful event(s).

However, if your data set is large you may want to recover only the affected database or table. This is possible but you need to be smart when filtering events from the binary log. In this post, I will show how to perform such a partial recovery using Percona XtraBackup, …

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Upgrading to MySQL 8: Embrace the Challenge

Nobody likes change, especially when that change may be challenging.  When faced with a technical challenge, I try to remember this comment from Theodore Roosevelt: “Nothing in the world is worth having or worth doing unless it means effort, pain, difficulty.”  While this is a bit of an exaggeration, in this case, the main concept is still valid.  We shouldn’t shy away from an upgrade path because it may be difficult.

MySQL 8.0 is maturing and stabilizing.  There are new features (too many to list here) and performance improvements.  More and more organizations are upgrading to MySQL 8 and running it in production, which expedites the stabilization.  While there is still some significant runway on 5.7 and it is definitely stable (EOL slated for October 2023), organizations need to be preparing to make the jump if they haven’t already. 

What Changed?

So …

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Working to Validate MyRocks in the Enterprise with Dropbox

Percona Technical Account Managers get the privilege of working with some of our largest enterprise clients day in and day out.  As such, we get to really focus on how to best leverage our technology to generate measurable benefits for our users.  While it is fun to “nerd out” and always strive to use the latest and greatest, we need to stay focused on demonstrating business value and a genuine need.  Over the past few months, I’ve been working with one of my larger clients, Dropbox, along with our professional services team to validate the use of Percona Server for MySQL with the MyRocks storage engine over a large portion of their MySQL infrastructure.

Please note – this is not meant to be a deep dive into the technical details around …

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Easily Validate Configuration Settings in MySQL 8

In past versions of MySQL, there was often an ‘upgrade dance’ that had to be performed in starting up a newly upgraded MySQL instance with the previous version configuration file. In some cases a few deprecated options might no longer be supported in the newer server version, triggering an error and a subsequent shutdown moments after starting. The same thing can happen even outside of upgrade scenarios if a configuration change was made with a mistake or typo in the variable name or value.

As of MySQL 8.0.16 and later, there is now a ‘validate-config’ option to quickly test and validate server configuration options without having to start the server. Once used, if no issues are found with the configuration file, the server will exit with an exit code of zero (0). If a problem is found, the server will exit with an error code of one (1) for the first occurrence of anything that is determined to be invalid.

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Infinitely Scalable Storage with High Compression Feature

It is no secret that compute and storage costs are the main drivers of cloud bills. Migration of data from the legacy data center to the cloud looks appealing at first as it significantly reduces capital expense (CapEx) and keeps operational expenses (OpEx) under control. But once you see the bill, the lift and shift project does not look that promising anymore. See Percona’s recent open source survey which shows that many organizations saw an unexpected growth around cloud and data.

Storage growth is an organic process for the expanding business: more customers store more data, and more data needs more backups and disaster recovery storage for low RTO.

Today, the Percona Innovation Team, which is part of the Engineering organization, is proud to announce a new feature – High Compression. With this feature enabled, …

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Webinar April 14: Optimize and Troubleshoot MySQL Using Percona Monitoring and Management

Optimizing MySQL performance and troubleshooting MySQL problems are two of the most critical and challenging tasks for MySQL DBAs. The databases powering applications need to be able to handle changing traffic workloads while remaining responsive and stable in order to deliver an excellent user experience. Further, DBAs are also expected to find cost-efficient means of solving these issues.

In this webinar, we will demonstrate the advanced options of Percona Monitoring and Management V.2 that enable you to solve these challenges, which are built on free and open-source software. We will look at specific, common MySQL problems and review them.

Please join Peter Zaitsev on Wednesday, April 14th, 2021, at 11 am EDT for his webinar Optimize and Troubleshoot MySQL using Percona Monitoring and Management (PMM).

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