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Displaying posts with tag: mysql-and-variants (reset)
Using MySQL 8 Persisted System Variables

This blog discusses new features about the persisted system variables and how we can use it to make variable changes persistent. The MySQL server maintains system variables that control its operations. The dynamic variables used prior to the MySQL 8 release are not persistent and are reset upon restart. These variables can be changed at runtime using the SET statement to affect the operation of the current server instance but we have to manually update my.cnf config file to make them persistent. In many cases, updating my.cnf from the server-side is not a convenient option, and leaving the variable just updated dynamically reverts on the subsequent restart without any history.

Persisted system variables are one of the useful features introduced in MySQL 8. The new functionality helps DBAs update the variables dynamically and register them without touching the configuration files from the server-side.

How to Persist the Global …

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A First Glance at Amazon Aurora Serverless RDS

If you often deploy services in the cloud, you certainly, at least once, forgot to stop a test instance. I am like you and I forgot my share of these. Another mistake I do once in a while is to provision a bigger instance than needed, just in case, and forget to downsize it. While this is true for compute instances, it is especially true for database instances. Over time, this situation ends up adding a cost premium. In this post, we’ll discuss a solution to mitigate these extra costs, the use of the RDS Aurora Serverless service.

What is Amazon Aurora Serverless?

Since last spring, Amazon unveiled a new database related product: RDS Aurora Serverless. The aim of this new product is to simplify the management around Aurora clusters. It brings a likely benefit for the end users, better control over cost. Here are some …

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MySQL 8.0.22: Asynchronous Replication Automatic Connection (IO Thread) Failover

MySQL 8.0.22 was released on Oct 19, 2020, and came with nice features and a lot of bug fixes. Now, you can configure your async replica to choose the new source in case the existing source connection (IO thread) fails. In this blog, I am going to explain the entire process involved in this configuration with a use case.


This feature is very helpful to keep your replica server in sync in case of current source fails. 

To activate asynchronous connection failover, we need to set the “SOURCE_CONNECTION_AUTO_FAILOVER=1” on the “CHANGE MASTER” statement.

Once the IO connection fails, it will try to connect the existing source based on the “MASTER_RETRY_COUNT, MASTER_CONNECT_RETRY”. Then only it will do the failover. 

The feature will only work when the IO connection is failed, maybe the source crashed or stopped, or any network failures. This will not work if the replica is …

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Zero downtime schema change with Liquibase & Percona

I am always surprised to learn something new whenever I talk to a member of the open-source community. No matter how much I think I have heard of every use case there is for Liquibase (and database change management in general), I always hear something that makes this space still feel new. There’s always something left to discover.

Today, that new something is the problem of how to perform large batches of changes with SQL ALTER TABLE statements. No problem you say? Okay, but this ALTER needs to happen in production. Still not worried? Well, let’s say you have millions of rows, and because you’re so successful, you have many transactions happening per minute (maybe even per second). Yeah…now we are talking. You can’t alter the table because you can’t afford to lock that table for the …

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MySQL New Releases and Percona XtraBackup Incompatibilities

Earlier this week, Oracle released their Q4 releases series. As on the previous releases, backward compatibility has been broken with previous versions of the server. This time on both MySQL 5.7 and 8.0:

MySQL 5.7.32

While our QA team was performing an extensive test on it,  we found out this version introduced a new compression format version. This change breaks backward compatibility with older versions of MySQL, which is expected on the 8.0 series but is not on 5.7. As Percona XtraBackup (PXB) is based on MySQL code, it makes MySQL 5.7.32 incompatible with current versions of Percona XtraBackup 2.4.20 and prior.

The issue does not affect only Percona XtraBackup but also prevents users from downgrading the server from 5.7.32 to any lower version on the 5.7 series – More details at …

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Using Volume Snapshot/Clone in Kubernetes

One of the most exciting storage-related features in Kubernetes is Volume snapshot and clone. It allows you to take a snapshot of data volume and later to clone into a new volume, which opens a variety of possibilities like instant backups or testing upgrades. This feature also brings Kubernetes deployments close to cloud providers, which allow you to get volume snapshots with one click.

Word of caution: for the database, it still might be required to apply fsfreeze and FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK or



It is much easier in MySQL 8 now, because as with atomic DDL, MySQL 8 should provide crash-safe consistent snapshots without additional locking.

Let’s review how we can use this feature with Google Cloud Kubernetes Engine and …

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Webinar November 10: Google Cloud Platform – MySQL at Scale with Reliable HA

Google Cloud Platform (GCP), with its CloudSQL offering, has become a leading platform for database-as-a-service workload deployments for many organizations. Scale and High Availability have surfaced as primary goals for many of these deployments. Unfortunately, the attainment of these objectives has been challenging.

Often, the answer has been to simply add more CloudSQL databases. Many, however, have found a better solution in Percona’s fully managed MySQL environment based in Google’s GCE. Percona’s fully managed MySQL offering provides benefits similar to CloudSQL, plus the ability to run MySQL with an unlimited number of tables and much more reliable database availability. This has empowered these organizations to reclaim control over their architecture decisions. With Percona’s fully managed MySQL, your database architecture choices are once again based on your needs and the needs of your workload, rather than the capabilities …

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Danger of Changing Default of log_error_verbosity on MySQL/Percona Server for MySQL 5.7

Changing the default value (3) of log_error_verbosity in MySQL/Percona Server for MySQL 5.7 can have a hidden unintended effect! What does log_error_verbosity do exactly? As per the documentation:

The log_error_verbosity system variable specifies the verbosity for handling events intended for the error log.

Basically a value of 1 logs only [Errors]; 2 is 1)+[Warnings]; and 3 is 2)+[Notes].

For example, one might be tempted to change the default of log_error_verbosity since the error.log might be bloated with thousands (or millions) of lines with [Notes], such as:

2020-10-08T17:02:56.736179Z 3 [Note] Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
2020-10-08T17:04:48.149038Z 4 [Note] Aborted connection 4 to db: 'unconnected' user: 'root' host: 'localhost' (Got timeout reading communication packets)

(P.S. you can read more about those Notes on this other Percona blog posts):

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Amazon Aurora Multi-Primary First Impression

For what reason should I use a real multi-primary setup?

To be clear, not a multi-writer solution where any node can become the active writer in case of needs, as for Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) or Percona Server for MySQL using Group_replication. No, we are talking about a multi-primary setup where I can write at the same time on multiple nodes. I want to insist on this “why?”.

After having excluded the possible solutions mentioned above, both covering the famous 99.995% availability, which is 26.30 minutes of downtime in a year, what is left?

Disaster Recovery? Well, that is something I would love to have, but to be a real DR solution we need to put several kilometers (miles for imperial) in the middle.

And we know …

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Dangerous Edge Case Warning for Percona Toolkit and pt-online-schema-change

Recently I was dealing with an unexpected issue raised by our Support customer, in which data became inconsistent after a schema change was applied.

After some investigation, it turned out that affected tables had a special word in the comments of some columns, which triggered an already known (and fixed) issue with the library of Percona Toolkit.  The problem is that the customer was using an outdated Toolkit version, where pt-online-schema-change was using that buggy parser.

This bug applies only to Percona Toolkit versions up to 3.0.10, so if you have already 3.0.11 or newer installed, you can skip the rest of this post as these are no longer affected.

I am writing this post to warn every user of pt-online-schema-change who has not upgraded the toolkit, as …

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