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CIS Oracle MySQL 5.6 Security Benchmark

I've been working on the CIS security benchmark for Oracle MySQL 5.6. There already is a benchmark document for earlier versions of MySQL.

The benchmark document helps you to ensure you have a secure configuration for MySQL.

Center for Internet Security (CIS) is a nonprofit organization.

The Call For Participation is now open.

If you are already a CIS member then you can download the document here. If you don't have an account you can register for free.

How-to and Performance Impact of SSL-Encrypted Replication Traffic in Galera Cluster for MySQL

August 7, 2014 By Severalnines

 

Deploying Galera Clusters across WAN environments might lead to concerns around data privacy and security - especially as more organisations are having to comply with national and international regulations. You would not want hackers eavesdropping or intercepting replication traffic. Encrypted replication hides what is sent between the Galera nodes, and makes sure each node is only communicating to the ones it trusts. But how expensive is encryption?

 

In this blog, we will show you how to encrypt the replication traffic between your Galera nodes. We will also look into the performance impact of this encryption.

 

Encrypted Replication

 

Galera supports SSL for the encryption of replication traffic. When encryption is enabled, Galera group communication and Incremental State Transfer (IST) happens over an SSL-encrypted …

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MySQL 5.6 Performance on POWER8

The following sentence is brought to you by IBM Legal: The postings on this site are my own and don’t necessarily represent IBM’s positions, strategies or opinions.

My previous post covered the work needed to get MySQL 5.6.17 running reliably on modern POWER systems. The patch to MySQL 5.6.17 that’s needed is available here.

For those who don’t know, POWER8 is the latest Power Architecture processors from IBM (my employer). These chips will be available in systems from IBM in June 2014 (i.e. Real Soon Now(TM)). There’s some fairly …

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Interview with John Partridge, President & CEO of Tokutek, Inc.

“As the database gets used, shards can grow at an uneven rate and one shard might carry a majority of the load. MongoDB corrects this by balancing shards, but because of MongoDB’s lack of concurrency this operation can stall the database unacceptably.”–John Partridge.

I have interviewed John Partridge, President & CEO of Tokutek, Inc.

RVZ

Q1. Tokutek recently announced to have eliminated performance issues of MongoDB sharding. What was the problem?

John Partridge: The problem occurs after a shard is created. As the database gets used, shards can grow at an uneven rate and one shard might carry a majority of the load. MongoDB corrects this by balancing shards, but because of MongoDB’s lack of concurrency this operation can stall the database unacceptably (see the …

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When it’s faster to use SQL in MySQL NDB Cluster over memcache API

Memcache access for MySQL Cluster (or NDBCluster) provides faster access to the data because it avoids the SQL parsing overhead for simple lookups – which is a great feature. But what happens if I try to get multiple records via memcache API (multi-GET) and via SQL (SELECT with IN())? I’ve encountered this a few times now, so I decided to blog about it. I did a very simple benchmark with the following script:

#!/bin/bash
mysql_server="192.168.56.75"
mc_server="192.168.56.75"
mysql_cmd="mysql -h${mysql_server} --silent --silent"
mysql_schema="percona"
mysql_table="memcache_t"
mc_port=11211
mc_prefix="mt:"
function populate_data () {
  nrec=$1
  $mysql_cmd -e "delete from ${mysql_table};" $mysql_schema > /dev/null 2>&1
  for rec in `seq 1 $nrec`
  do
    $mysql_cmd -e "insert into ${mysql_table} values ($rec, repeat('a',10), 0, 0);" $mysql_schema > /dev/null 2>&1
  done
}
function mget_via_sql() {
  nrec=$1
  in_list=''
  for rec in …
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TokuDB vs Percona XtraDB using Tokutek’s MariaDB distribution

Following are benchmark results comparing Tokutek TokuDB and Percona XtraDB at scale factor 10 on the Star Schema benchmark. I’m posting this on the Shard-Query blog because I am going to compare the performance of Shard-Query on the benchmark on these two engines. First, however, I think it is important to see how they perform in isolation without concurrency.

Because I am going to be testing Shard-Query, I have chosen to partition the “fact” table (lineorder) by month. I’ve attached the full DDL at the end of the post as well as the queries again for reference.

I want to note a few things about the results:
First and foremost, TokuDB was configured to use quicklz compression (the default) and InnoDB compression was not used. No tuning of TokuDB was performed, which means it will use up to 50% of memory by default. Various InnoDB tuning options were set (see the end of the post) but the most important is that the …

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Sysbench OLTP: MySQL-5.6 vs. MariaDB-10.0

Oracle has now launched MySQL-5.6.10-GA, so it is time to come up with some new benchmark results. The test candidates in this benchmark run are

  • MySQL-5.5.29
  • MySQL-5.6.10
  • MariaDB-5.5.28a
  • MariaDB-10.0.1

The 5.5 versions are in because I wanted to check for any regressions. In the past we have often seen performance regressions in newer versions which were caused by new features.

This time the benchmark was run on a different box. The main difference is that this box does not have SSD but a high performance RAID-5 with 512M of battery-backed cache. Besides that the machine has 16 cores out of which 12 were used for mysqld and the other 4 for sysbench.

The benchmark uses sysbench-0.5 OLTP with 8 tables and 10G worth of data. InnoDB buffer pool was 16G, InnoDB log group capacity 4G (the maximum for MySQL-5.5). The different disk system required different InnoDB …

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How slow can SSD be or why is testing a new server performance important?

Recently we have helped our customer to migrate their entire application stack from one data center to another. Before we were brought on-board, customer had already placed an order for a new set of servers with the new hosting provider. All of them were suppose to be high-end systems – many CPU cores, plenty of RAM and RAID array build on top of SSD drives. As the new machines started being available to us, we began setting up the new environment. At some point it turned out that the new machines were actually slower compared to the several year old systems and their load was much higher under comparable traffic.

We examined several of the new servers and each time the conclusion was that the problems were related poor I/O performance. In the benchmarks a RAID 10 array on Intel SSD 330 Series drives was barely able to achieve 200-300 IOPS in random writes and even that at the cost of …

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MySQL Benchmark – updates by primary vs secondary keys

(Note: when I’m talking about MySQL I usually assume InnoDB storage engine. Any other case I explicitly tell this is MyISAM or Memory etc.)

I’ve heared an interesting aproach of using Master-slave replication in MySQL.

Thesis

So the theory was that since updates by primary keys are fast and by secondary keys are slow the slave has to be queried for the primary key and then run the updates by the fetched primary keys. To make this in context and more understandable:

Original query

UPDATE table_for_test SET value_to_change = 123 WHERE cond_column_1 = 987 AND cond_column_2 > 765;

This query get splitted to two different query. First query has to be run on the slave to fetch the primary keys:

SELECT pr_id_col FROM table_for_test WHERE cond_column_1 = 987 AND cond_column_2 > 765;

When we have the values we can go to the master and update the necessary …

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MySQL Cluster 7.2: Over 8x Higher Performance than Cluster 7.1

Summary

The scalability enhancements delivered by extensions to multi-threaded data nodes enables MySQL Cluster 7.2 to deliver over 8x higher performance than the previous MySQL Cluster 7.1 release on a recent benchmark

What’s New in MySQL Cluster 7.2

MySQL Cluster 7.2 was released as GA (Generally Available) in February 2012, delivering many enhancements to performance on complex queries, new NoSQL Key / Value API, cross-data center replication and ease-of-use. These enhancements are summarized in the Figure below, and detailed in the MySQL Cluster New Features whitepaper

Figure 1: Next Generation Web Services, Cross Data Center Replication and Ease-of-Use

Once of the key enhancements delivered in MySQL …

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