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Displaying posts with tag: Insight for DBAs (reset)
Multi-Threaded Slave Statistics

In this blog post, I’ll talk about multi-threaded slave statistics printed in MySQL error log file.

MySQL version 5.6 and later allows you to execute replicated events using parallel threads. This feature is called Multi-Threaded Slave (MTS), and to enable it you need to modify the


 variable to a value greater than 1.

Recently, a few customers asked about the meaning of some new statistics printed in their error log files when they enable MTS. These error messages look similar to the example stated below:

[Note] Multi-threaded slave statistics for channel '': seconds elapsed = 123; events assigned = 57345; worker queues filled over overrun level = 0; waited due a Worker queue full = 0; waited due the total size = 0; waited at clock conflicts = 0 waited …
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A Little Trick Upgrading to MySQL 5.7

In this blog post, I’ll look at a trick we use at Percona when upgrading to MySQL 5.7.

I’ll be covering this subject (and others) in my webinar Learning MySQL 5.7 on Wednesday, July 19, 2017.

We’ve been doing upgrades for quite a while here are Percona, and we try to optimize, standardize and improve this process to save time. When upgrading to MySQL 5.7, more often than not you need to run REPAIR or ALTER via mysql_upgrade to a number of MySQL tables. Sometimes a few hundred, sometimes hundreds of thousands.

One way to cut some time from testing or executing mysql_upgrade is to combine it with mysqlcheck. This identifies tables that need to be rebuilt or repaired. The first …

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Gh-ost benchmark against pt-online-schema-change performance

In this blog post, I will run a gh-ost benchmark against the performance of pt-online-schema-change.

When gh-ost came out, I was very excited. As MySQL ROW replication became commonplace, you could use it to track changes instead of triggers. This practice is cleaner and safer compared to Percona Toolkit’s pt-online-schema-change. Since gh-ost doesn’t need triggers, I assumed it would generate lower overhead and work faster. I frequently called it “pt-online-schema-change on steroids” in my talks. …

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ClickHouse: One Year!

In this blog, we’ll look at ClickHouse on its one year anniversary.

It’s been a year already since the Yandex team released ClickHouse as open source software. I’ve had an interest in this project from the very start, as I didn’t think there was an open source analytical database that could compete with industry leaders like Vertica (for example).

This was an exciting year for ClickHouse early adopters. Let’s look at what it accomplished so far.

ClickHouse initially generated interest due to the Yandex name – the most popular search engine in Russia. It wasn’t long before jaw-dropping responses popped up: guys, this thing is crazy fast! Many early adopters who tried ClickHouse were really impressed.

Fast doesn’t mean convenient …

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Differences in PREPARE Statement Error Handling with Binary and Text Protocol (Percona XtraDB Cluster / Galera)

In this blog, we’ll look at the differences in how a PREPARE statement handles errors in binary and text protocols.


Since Percona XtraDB Cluster is a multi-master solution, when an application executes conflicting workloads one of the workloads gets rolled back with a DEADLOCK error. While the same holds true even if you fire the workload through a PREPARE statement, there are differences between using the MySQL connector API (with binary protocol) and the MySQL client (with text protocol). Let’s look at these differences with the help of an example.

Base Workload

  • Say we have a two-node cluster (n1 and n2) with the following base schema and tables:
    use test;
    create table t (i int, k int, primary key pk(i)) engine=innodb;
    insert into t values (1, 10), (2, 20), (3, 30); …
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Webinar Thursday June 22, 2017: Deploying MySQL in Production

Join Percona’s Senior Operations Engineer, Daniel Kowalewski as he presents Deploying MySQL in Production on Thursday, June 22, 2017 at 11:00 am PDT / 2:00 pm EDT (UTC-7).

Register Now  MySQL is famous for being something you can install and get going in less than five minutes in terms of development. But normally you want to run MySQL in production, and at scale. This requires some planning and knowledge. So why not learn the best practices around installation, configuration, deployment and backup?

This webinar is a soup-to-nuts talk that will have you going from zero to hero in no time. It includes discussion …

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MySQL Triggers and Updatable Views

In this post we’ll review how MySQL triggers can affect queries.

Contrary to what the documentation states, we can activate triggers even while operating on views:

Important: MySQL triggers activate only for changes made to tables by SQL statements. They do not activate for changes in views, nor by changes to tables made by APIs that do not transmit SQL statements to the MySQL server.

Be on the lookout if you use and depend on triggers, since it’s not the case for updatable views! We have reported a documentation bug for this but figured it wouldn’t hurt to mention this as a short blog post, too. The link to the bug in question is here:

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ICP Counters in information_schema.INNODB_METRICS

In this blog, we’ll look at ICP counters in the information_schema.INNODB_METRICS. This is part two of the Index Condition Pushdown (ICP) counters blog post series. 

As mentioned in the previous post, in this blog we will look at how to check on ICP counters on MySQL and Percona Server for MySQL. This also applies to MariaDB, since the INNODB_METRICS table is also available for MariaDB (as opposed to the Handler_icp_% counters being MariaDB-specific). We will use the same table and data set as in the previous post.

For simplicity we’ll show the examples on MySQL 5.7.18, but they …

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MariaDB Handler_icp_% Counters: What They Are, and How To Use Them

In this post we’ll see how MariaDB’s Handler_icp_% counters status counters (Handler_icp_attempts and Handler_icp_matches) measure ICP-related work done by the server and storage engine layers, and how to see if our queries are getting any gains by using them.

These counters (as seen in SHOW STATUS output) are MariaDB-specific. In a later post, we will see how we can get this information in MySQL and Percona Server. This investigation spun off from comments in Michael’s post about the new MariaDB dashboard in PMM. Comments are very useful, so keep them coming!

We can start by checking the corresponding documentation pages:

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Chasing a Hung MySQL Transaction: InnoDB History Length Strikes Back

In this blog post, I’ll review how a hung MySQL transaction can cause the InnoDB history length to grow and negatively affect MySQL performance.

Recently I was helping a customer discover why SELECT queries were running slower and slower until the server restarts (which got things back to normal). It took some time to get from that symptom to a final diagnosis. Please follow me on the journey of chasing this strange MySQL behavior!


Changes in the query response time can mean tons of things. We can check everything from the query plan to the disk performance. However, fixing it with a restart is less common. After looking at “show engine innodb status”, I noticed some strange lines:

Trx read view will not see trx with id >= 41271309593, sees < 41268384363
---TRANSACTION 41271309586, ACTIVE 766132 sec
2 lock struct(s), heap size 376, 0 row lock(s), undo log entries 1
... …
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