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Using Percona XtraBackup on a MySQL Instance with a Large Number of Tables

In this blog post, we’ll find out how to use Percona XtraBackup on a MySQL instance with a large number of tables.

As of Percona Xtrabackup 2.4.5, you are required to have enough open files to open every single InnoDB tablespace in the instance you’re trying to back up. So if you’re running innodb_file_per_table=1, and have a large number of tables, you’re very likely to see Percona XtraBackup fail with the following error message:

InnoDB: Operating system error number 24 in a file operation.
InnoDB: Error number 24 means 'Too many open files'
InnoDB: Some operating system error numbers are described at
InnoDB: File ./sbtest/sbtest132841.ibd: 'open' returned OS error 124. Cannot continue operation
InnoDB: Cannot …
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MSSQL to MySQL Data migration using MySQL workbench 6.3

Recently I was testing data migration from MSSQL to MySQL using MySQL Workbench. My aim was to include data with all datatype available in MSSQL for migration. In this following blog post will see data migration prerequisites, migration steps and few common errors.

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Webinar Thursday December 29: JSON in MySQL 5.7

Please join Percona’s Consultant David Ducos on Thursday, December 29, 2016 at 10 am PST/ 1:00 pm EST (UTC-8) as he presents JSON in MySQL 5.7.

Since it was implemented in MySQL 5.7, we can use JSON as a data type. In this webinar, we will review some of the useful functions that have been added to work with JSON.

We will examine and analyze how JSON works internally, and take into account some of the costs related to employing this new technology. 

At the end of the webinar, you will know the answers to the following questions: 

  • What is JSON?
  • Why don’t we keep using VARCHAR?
  • How does it work? 
  • What are the costs?
  • What limitations should we take …
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Don’t Let a Leap Second Leap on Your Database!

This blog discusses how to prepare your database for the new leap second coming in the new year.

At the end of this year, on December 31, 2016, a new leap second gets added. Many of us remember the huge problems this caused back in 2012. Some of our customers asked how they should prepare for this year’s event to avoid any unexpected problems.

It’s a little late, but I thought discussing the issue might still be useful.

The first thing is to make sure your systems avoid the issue with abnormally high CPU usage. This was an problem in 2012 due to a Linux kernel bug. After the leap second was added, CPU utilization sky-rocketed on many systems, taking down …

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How to Perform Efficient Backup for MySQL and MariaDB

Related resources  The choice of MySQL storage engine and its impact on backup procedures  Customizing your database backups with ClusterControl  Become a ClusterControl DBA - Safeguarding your data  Webinar: Become a MySQL DBA - Backups  Become a MySQL DBA blog series - Backup and Restore

All backup methods have their pros and cons. They …

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MySQL Group Replication Limitations: savepoints

Today in our series of articles related to MySQL Group Replication’s limitations, let’s have a quick look at Savepoints.

The manual is clear about this: Transaction savepoints are not supported.

The first thing to check then is if the application that will use our MySQL Group Replication Cluster is currently using savepoints.

We have two ways to find this, the first is using STATUS variables:

mysql> show global status like '%save%';
| Variable_name              | Value |
| Com_release_savepoint      | 2     |
| Com_rollback_to_savepoint  | 0     |
| Com_savepoint              | 4     |
| Handler_savepoint          | 0     |
| Handler_savepoint_rollback | 0     |
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Improved Query Performance by Using Derived Table instead of IN-subquery

MySQL 5.6 introduced semi-join transformation for IN-subqueries. This opened up for several new ways to execute such subqueries; one was no longer tied to executing the subquery once for every row of the outer query. This dramatically improved the performance of many such queries. However, semi-join transformation does not apply to all types of queries. For example, if the subquery has a GROUP BY clause, semi-join does not apply. (For a full list of which types of queries can not use semi-join, see the Reference Manual.)
Fortunately, MySQL 5.6 also introduced subquery materialization that can be used when semi-join does not apply; as …

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Planets9s - Online schema change for MySQL & MariaDB, MySQL storage engine & backups … and more

Welcome to this week’s Planets9s, covering all the latest resources and technologies we create around automation and management of open source database infrastructures.

Online schema change for MySQL & MariaDB: GitHub’s gh-ost & pt-online-schema-change

Online schema changes are unavoidable, as any DBA will know. While there are tools such as Percona’s pt-online-schema-change to assist, it does not come without drawbacks. However, there is a new kid on the block: GitHub released an online schema change tool called gh-ost. This post by Krzysztof Ksiazek, Senior Support Engineer at Severalnines, looks at how gh-ost compares to pt-online-schema-change, and how it can be used to address some limitations.

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The Hanging Query

You are a DBA working hard to keep all the databases running so your staff can enter key data.  Okay, if truth be known, maybe at the same time you are creating a MySQL program that fires off various lights with music for numerous holiday celebrations (Christmas, Day of the Return of the Wandering Goddess, Festivus, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, Winter Solstice, Saturnalia, and Yule).

Suddenly, you get a dreaded phone from a harried user, ‘my query is hanging’. Time for you to drop everything else. Is the database down? Is there a networking problem? A bad index?

Fortunately, you have the MySQL Enterprise Monitor (MEM) to help you to solve the problem quickly. You notice on the MEM dashboard that there is a spike in the number of connections and you right-click, changing color to blue over the spike:

After right-clicking on the little disk by the query spike, you advance to the Query Analyzer panel where you see individual …

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The Hanging Query
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