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Displaying posts with tag: howto (reset)
What May Cause MySQL ERROR 1213

Probably all of us, MySQL users, DBAs and developers had seen error 1213 more than once, in one context or the other:
mysql> select * from t1;
ERROR 1213 (40001): Deadlock found when trying to get lock; try restarting transactionThe first thing that comes to mind in this case is: "OK, we have InnoDB deadlock, let's check the details", followed by the SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS check, like this:
mysql> show engine innodb status\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
  Type: InnoDB
  Name:
Status:
=====================================
2018-12-08 17:41:11 0x7f2f8b8db700 INNODB MONITOR OUTPUT
=====================================
Per second averages calculated from the last 12 seconds
-----------------
BACKGROUND THREAD

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Slow MySQL Start Time in GTID mode? Binary Log File Size May Be The Issue

Have you been experiencing slow MySQL startup times in GTID mode? We recently ran into this issue on one of our MySQL hosting deployments and set out to solve the problem. In this blog, we break down the issue that could be slowing down your MySQL restart times, how to debug for your deployment, and what you can do to decrease your start time and improve your understanding of GTID-based replication.

How We Found The Problem

We were investigating slow MySQL startup times on a low-end, disk-based MySQL 5.7.21 deployment which had GTID mode enabled. The system was part of a master-slave pair and was under a moderate write load. When restarting during a scheduled …

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Configuring and Managing SSL On Your MySQL Server

In this blog post, we review some of the important aspects of configuring and managing SSL in MySQL hosting. These would include the default configuration, disabling SSL, and enabling and enforcing SSL on a MySQL server. Our observations are based on the community version of MySQL 5.7.21.

Default SSL Configuration in MySQL

By default, MySQL server always installs and enables SSL configuration. However, it is not enforced that clients connect using SSL. Clients can choose to connect with or without SSL as the server allows both types of connections. Let’s see how to verify this default behavior of MySQL server.

When SSL is installed and enabled on MySQL server by default, we will typically see the following:

  1. Presence of *.pem files in the MySQL data directory. These are the various client and server certificates and keys that are in …
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Data Integrity and Performance Considerations in MySQL Semisynchronous Replication

MySQL semisynchronous replication provides improved data integrity because when a commit returns successfully, it’s known that the data exists in at least two places – the master and its slave. In this blog post, we review some of the MySQL hosting configurations that influence the data integrity and performance aspects of semisynchronous replication. We’ll be using InnoDB storage engine and GTID-based replication in a 3-node replica set (master and 2 slaves), which will ensure there is redundancy in the slaves. This means that if there are issues with one slave, we can fall back on the other.

Configurations Applicable to Both Master and Slave Nodes

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Calculating InnoDB Buffer Pool Size for your MySQL Server

What is an InnoDB Buffer Pool?

InnoDB buffer pool is the memory space that holds many in-memory data structures of InnoDB, buffers, caches, indexes and even row-data. innodb_buffer_pool_size is the MySQL configuration parameter that specifies the amount of memory allocated to the InnoDB buffer pool by MySQL. This is one of the most important settings in the MySQL configuration and should be configured based on the available system RAM.

In this post, we’ll walk you through two approaches of setting your InnoDB buffer pool size value, examine the pros and cons of those practices, and also propose a unique method to arrive at an optimum value based on the size of …

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Windows Tools for MySQL DBAs: Basic Minidump Analysis

"To a man with a hammer, everything looks like a nail."Even though I had written many posts explaining the use of gdb for various MySQL-related tasks, I have to use other OS level troubleshooting tools from time to time. Moreover, as MySQL and MariaDB are still supported and used under Microsoft Windows in production by customers I have to serve them there, and use Windows-specific tools sometimes. So, I decided to start a series of posts (that I promised to my great colleague Vladislav Vaintroub (a.k.a Wlad) who helped me a lot over years and actually switched my attention from Performance Schema towards debuggers) about different Windows tools for MySQL DBAs (and support engineers).

Developers (and maybe even power users) on Windows probably know …

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Checking User Threads With gdb in MySQL 5.7+

In one of my gdb-related posts last year I noted that there is no more simple global list of user threads in MySQL 5.7+:
"I had highlighted Global_THD_manager singleton also as during my next gdb sessions I had found out that simple global list of threads is also gone and in 5.7 everything is done via that Global_THD_manager. This is a topic for some other post, though."In that post and many times later when I had to deal with MySQL 5.7+ I just checked OS threads one by one in gdb using thread  1 ... thread N commands. This is not efficient at best, as I also hit numerous background threads that I often do not care about. So, a couple of weeks ago I finally decided to get back to this topic and find out how to check just user threads one by one in recent MySQL versions. I had a nice …

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Using strace for MySQL Troubleshooting

I'd say that strace utility is even more useful for MySQL DBAs than lsof. Basically, it is a useful general purpose diagnostic and debugging tool for tracing system calls some process makes and signals it receives. The name of each system call, its arguments and its return value are printed to stderr or to the file specified with the -o option.

In context of MySQL strace is usually used to find what files mysqld process accesses, and to check the details about any I/O errors. For example, if I'd really want to try to verify Bug #88479 - "Unable to start mysqld using a single config file (and avoiding reading defaults)" by Simon …

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How lsof Utility May Help MySQL DBAs

While working in Support, I noticed that probably at least once a week I have to use or mention lsof utility in some context. This week, for example, we had a customer trying to find out if his mysqld process running is linked with tcmalloc library. He started it different ways, using LD_PRELOAD directly and --malloc-lib option of mysqld_safe script etc, but wanted to verify that his attempts really worked as expected. My immediate comment in the internal chat was: "Just let them run lsof -p `pidof mysqld` | grep mall and check!" My MariaDB 10.2 instance uses jemalloc and this can be checked exactly the same way:
openxs@ao756:~/dbs/maria10.2$ ps aux | grep mysqld...
openxs    4619  0.0  0.0   4452   804 pts/2    S    …

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More on Studying MySQL Hashes in gdb, and How P_S Code May Help

I have to get back to the topic of checking user variables in gdb to clarify few more details. In his comment Shane Bester kindly noted that calling functions defined in MySQL code is not going to work when core dump is studied. So, I ended up with a need to check what does the my_hash_element() function I've used really do, to be ready to repeat that step by step manually. Surely I could skip that and use Python and Shane himself did, but structures of HASH type are widely used in MySQL, so I'd better know how to investigate them manually than blindly use existing code.

Quick search with grep for …

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