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PHP technical writing compilation

Having spent the majority of this year programming a custom reporting dashboard for my employer written in PHP and MySQL, it is an understatement to say that I have learned a lot. Nothing beats real-world experience and I really have come into my own with PHP, learning more and more daily as I continue progressing forward on my goal of becoming a Back-End Web Developer. I have written several PHP-related posts this year and wanted to provide them all in one easy-to-access list. Enjoy!

Image by Aleksey Nemiro from …

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ROW_NUMBER() Window Function – find duplicate values.

Many times, we do not want duplicate rows or values in our SQL tables. On the other hand, in some situations, it does not matter if there are duplicates present. For whatever reason, suppose duplicates have found their way into one of your tables. How can you find them quickly and easily? The ROW_NUMBER() Window function is a fantastic tool to use. Continue reading and see example queries you can apply to your own tables and find those duplicates…

Photo by Joe Green on Unsplash

OS and DB used:

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Use MySQL BLOB column with PHP to store .pdf file

Like always I am sharing new things I learn here on my blog. I was recently working on a requirement for a LAMP stack web application reporting dashboard in which I needed to store – and eventually – retrieve a .pdf file. I have read in several places (this fantastic book is a great resource) that a viable option is storing images or documents (.pdf in this case) in the actual database table as opposed to on the server file system. MySQL has the BLOB datatype that can be used to store files such as .pdf, .jpg, .txt, and the like. In this blog post, I cover how I accomplished uploading and storing the actual .pdf file in a BLOB column in MySQL using PHP. Any corrections, tips, pointers, and recommendations for best practices are always welcome. We all learn as we go!!!

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MySQL DROP statement using phpMyAdmin

The MySQL DROP statement is one of many powerful DDL commands. Be it ALTER TABLE some_table DROP some_column or DROP some_table, this type of command can drastically change your data landscape because in executing MySQL DROP, you are completely removing objects from the database! If you are using the phpMyAdmin web interface, you can execute the MySQL DROP statement with just a few mouse clicks. Continue reading to see how…

Drops of water.


If you enjoy the content written here, by all means, share this blog and your favorite post(s) with others who may benefit from or like it as well. Since coffee is my favorite drink, you can even buy me one if you would like!

Note: The …

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MySQL Shell Python mode for multiple ALTER TABLE statements – easily

There may come a time you need to rename one or more columns in an existing MySQL table for a variety of reasons. Using ALTER TABLE, to rename a column is an easy enough command. But, suppose there are multiple tables in the same database/schema that have the same-named column and all of those columns need to be renamed. That could be a lot of ALTER TABLE statements to type out. Save your energy and time, avoiding all of those ALTER TABLE commands all-together. If you are lucky enough to be working with a MySQL version > 8.0 then the Shell is your salvation. With just a few lines of Python code in \py mode, all of your trouble(s) and headache(s) are no more…

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Dynamic MySQL CREATE TABLE statement with pandas and pyodbc

Have you ever had to type out a massive CREATE TABLE statement by hand? One with dozens of columns? Maybe several dozens of columns? There are likely some GUI tools to help with large CREATE TABLE commands. Or, other drag-n-drop types of software that I am not familiar with. What if you could write a few lines of Python code and take care of a huge CREATE TABLE statement with way less effort than typed manually? Interested? Continue reading and see how using pandas, pyodbc, and MySQL…

Photo by Vorsen Furniture on Unsplash

OS, Software, and DB used:

  • OpenSuse Leap 15.1
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TRIM() string function in MySQL – with examples.

In this post, I’ll cover examples of the MySQL TRIM() function. TRIM() removes specific characters – or spaces – from a given string, at either: the beginning, ending, or potentially in both locations depending on several factors. With an optional keyword argument that controls which character(s) – if any – are removed, TRIM() can be tricky so let’s gain understanding with several easy-to-digest examples…

Photo by Peter Beukema on Unsplash

OS, Software, and DB used:

  • OpenSuse Leap 15.1
  • MySQL 8.0.20


If you enjoy …

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Sorting associative arrays in PHP with array_multisort() – New learning

If you write MySQL queries, at some point you are going to have to provide query results in a specific order. To impose any ordering in MySQL (this applies to SQL overall and is not directed only at MySQL), you have to use the ORDER BY clause. Without it, there is no guaranteed order. The database is free to send back query results in any order. As I learn PHP, I make it a point to explore both the MySQL side, along with the PHP side in regards to similar type tasks and the efficiency of each. So far in my PHP journey, I have found that arrays are used quite extensively. In this post, I’ll cover array_multisort() – one of many in-built PHP functions – used for sorting arrays. In the context of the example data for this post, the arrays are populated by an unordered MySQL query. Let’s see one example of how you can establish a sorting order in a PHP …

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Getting started with the MySQL Operator for Kubernetes

Kubernetes Operators are amazing and they are already playing an important role for those who are managing large scale applications. I personally think that we will manage all applications using Operators.

In this tutorial I will show you how to setup a MySQL cluster using the MySQL Operator on Kubernetes.


  1. Install kubectl
  2. Install Helm
  3. Kubernetes Cluster: Use minikube locally or check out Luca’s post on how to set up OKE.

Let’s start with cloning the MySQL repository which contains the …

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Tiny happy features in MySQL

I love it when software gives you elegant ways of solving your problem. Programming language designers make me feel like they care when they take the time to include succinct, powerful expressions. I’ve recently discovered some in new things in MySQL, as well as a few rediscoveries. This is the first five, and I’ll cover the next five in another article.


You’ve probably used the standard In operator before:

Select 'Oh yeah!' From dual Where 1 In (1,2,3);

As a side note, the dual table is just a dummy table that always returns one row. It’s useful for demonstrating language features or running experiments.

You can also use a subquery with In:

Select 1 From dual Where 1 In (Select 1);

The thing I discovered was that it’s not just scalar values: it’s actually comparing rows, so you can see if a row is present:

Select 1 From dual Where (1,2) In (Select 1,2); …
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