Gcc 5.0 has added support for FDO which uses perf to generate profile. There is documentation for this in gcc manual, to quote:
Enable sampling-based feedback-directed optimizations, and the following optimizations which are generally profitable only with profile feedback available: -fbranch-probabilities, -fvpt, -funroll-loops, -fpeel-loops, -ftracer, -ftree-vectorize,
-finline-functions, -fipa-cp, -fipa-cp-clone, -fpredictive-commoning, -funswitch-loops, -fgcse-after-reload, and -ftree-loop-distribute-patterns.
path is the name of a file containing AutoFDO profile information. If omitted, it defaults to fbdata.afdo in the current directory.
Producing an AutoFDO …