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Displaying posts with tag: performance_schema (reset)
MySQL 8.0: How to display long transactions

Recently, somebody asked me how he can find the long running transactions in MySQL.

I already have one MySQL Shell plugin that allows you to find the current transactions sorted by time. The plugin allows you to also get the details about the desired transaction. See check.getRunningStatements().

Let’s see how we can easily find those long transaction that can be a nightmare for the DBAs (see MySQL History List Length post).

SELECT thr.processlist_id AS mysql_thread_id,
       concat(PROCESSLIST_USER,'@',PROCESSLIST_HOST) User,
       Command,
       FORMAT_PICO_TIME(trx.timer_wait) AS trx_duration,
       current_statement as `latest_statement`
  FROM …
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A graph a day, keeps the doctor away ! – Full Table Scans

Full table scans can be problematic for performance. Certainly if the scanned tables are large. The worst case is when full table scans are involved in joins and particularly when the scanned table is not the first one (this was dramatic before MySQL 8.0 as Block Nested Loop was used) !

A full table scans means that MySQL was not able to use an index (no index or no filters using it).

Effects

When Full Table Scans happen (depending of the size of course), a lot of data gets pulled into the Buffer Pool and maybe other important data from the working set is pulled out. Most of the time that new data in the Buffer Pool might even not be required by the application, what a waste of resources !

You then understand that another side effect of Full Table Scans is the increase of I/O operations.

The most noticeable symptoms of Full Table Scans are:

  • increase of CPU usage
  • increase of …
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MySQL Books: Efficient MySQL Performance

Today, the book I would like to recommend is Efficient MySQL Performance – Best Practices and Techniques, Daniel Nichter, O’Reilly, 2021.

I participated (just a bit) in the writing of this book as technical reviewer with Vadim and Fipar. I really enjoyed that role of carefully reading the early drafts of the chapters Daniel was writing.

Although Daniel says the book is not for the experts, I think even experts will enjoy it because several key InnoDB concepts are also covered. You can see that I refer to the book often in my A graph a day, keeps the doctor away ! series on monitoring and trending.

If you’re looking for information on transaction isolation and undo logs, fuzzy checkpointing, etc… you’ll find …

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A graph a day, keeps the doctor away ! – MySQL Checkpoint Age

In a previous post, I explained how you can collect and plot metrics using MySQL Shell.

This is a new series of article where I will explain how to read and understand some of the generated graphs.

Understanding your workload and seeing the evolution of it over time can help anticipating problems and work on solutions before the breakdown.

Let’s start the series with a concept that is not always well understood or at least not always considered at its true value: MySQL Checkpoint Age.

example of checkpoint age graphInnoDB Checkpointing

Before analyzing the graph, we need to understand what is MySQL InnoDB Checkpointing.

Each change to a data page in the InnoDB Buffer Pool are also written into the Write Ahead Logs.

In the literature they are sometimes called Transaction …

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Extending MySQL using the Component Infrastructure – part 12: instrument your code

This post is the twelfth one of a series of articles on extending MySQL with the Component Infrastructure:

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Using MySQL Database Service in OCI – Part 2: importing Data to MySQL DB System

This post is the second of a series of articles dedicated to MySQL Database Service (MDS):

The goal of this series if to get familiar with MDS, HeatWave and useful MySQL Shell utilities.

Before we start, I would like to highlight that the fastest and recommended way to import data to a MySQL DB System in OCI is to use a parallel dump created using MySQL to Object Storage and load it …

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Using MySQL Database Service in OCI – Part 1: creating a MySQL DB System

This post is the first of a series of articles dedicated to MySQL Database Service (MDS):

The goal of this series if to get familiar with MDS, HeatWave and useful MySQL Shell utilities.

In this first article we will start by creating a MySQL DB System and a Compute instance in OCI. One of the goal is also to see the benefits of HeatWave, so we will start by creating this …

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MySQL 8.0 – locking details

Recently, I saw many interest in understanding and getting information about database locking.

MySQL InnoDB’s locking can be complex and having an overview not always simple.

For more information about how InnoDB locking is working, I can only recommend this excellent series of articles by Kuba:

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MySQL Lock information in MySQL Shell

Last Tuesday, it was the very first session of DB AMA, Morgan Tocker made a nice presentation of MySQL Performance_Schema and illustrated it with some nice queries to get Meta et Data Locks.

As those queries were not that simple to write or at least to remember, I thought it might be a good idea to add them to MySQL Shell, the best MySQL DBA Tool !

I’ve then added a new method to the check plugin: getLocks().

Let’t see it in action:

As you can see, this is a small extension that can offers you a better view of what’s locked per transaction.

You can find several MySQL Shell Extension directly on github: …

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MySQL Shell Plugins: InnoDB

Today, we will cover a totally different MySQL Shell plugin: InnoDB.

Currently only 3 methods have been created:

Those related to the Table space fragmentation, have already been covered in this recent article.

Let’s discover the getAlterProgress()method. This method allows us to have an overview of the progress of some alter statements status like:

  • stage/innodb/alter table (end)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (flush)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (insert)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (log apply index)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (log apply table)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (merge sort)
  • stage/innodb/alter table (read PK and internal sort)
  • stage/innodb/alter tablespace (encryption)

This is an output of the method:

As …

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