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Setting up MySQL Encrypted Replication on MySQL 5.7 with GTID

In this blog post, I’ll walk you through setting up encrypted replication on MySQL 5.7 with GTID enabled. I will walk you through how to create sample certificates and keys, and then configure MySQL to only use replication via an encrypted SSL tunnel.

For simplicity, the credentials and certificates I used in this tutorial are very basic. I would suggest, of course, you use stronger passwords and accounts.

Let’s get started.

Create a folder where you will keep the certificates and keys

mkdir /etc/newcerts/
cd /etc/newcerts/

Create CA certificate

[root@po-mysql2 newcerts]# openssl genrsa 2048 > ca-key.pem
Generating RSA private key, 2048 bit long modulus
.............+++
..................+++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
[root@po-mysql2 newcerts]# openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 3600 -key ca-key.pem -out ca.pem
You are about to be asked to enter …
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Comparing MySQL to Vertica Replication under MemCloud, AWS and Bare Metal

Back in December, I did a detailed analysis for getting data into Vertica from MySQL using Tungsten Replicator, all within the Kodiak MemCloud.

I got some good numbers towards the end – 1.9 million rows/minute into Vertica. I did this using a standard replicator deployment, plus some tweaks to the Vertica environment. In particular:

  • Integer hash for a partition for both the staging and base tables
  • Some tweaks to the queries to ensure that we used the partitions in the most efficient manner
  • Optimized the batching within the applier to hit the right numbers for the transaction counts

That last one is a bit of a cheat because in a real-world situation it’s much harder to be able to identify those transaction sizes and row counts, but for testing, we’re trying to get the best performance!

Next what I wanted to do was set up some bare metal and AWS servers that were of an …

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Replicating into Elasticsearch Webinar Followup

We had a great webinar on Wednesday looking at how we can use Tungsten Replicator for moving data into Elasticsearch, whether that’s for analytics, searching, or reporting.

You can ahead and watch the video recording of that session here

We had one question on that session, which I wanted to answer in full:

Can UPDATE and DELETE be converted to INSERT?

One of the interesting issues with replicating databases between databases is that we don’t always want the information in the same format when it goes over another side. Typically when replicating within a homogeneous environment the reason we are using replication is that we want an identical copy over on the other side of the process. In heterogeneous, especially when we move the data out to an analytics environment like Elasticsearch, we might not. That covers a whole range of …

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Analytical Replication Performance from MySQL to Vertica on MemCloud

I’ve recently been trying to improve the performance of the Vertica replicator, particularly in the form of the of the new single schema replication. We’ve done a lot in the new Tungsten Replicator 5.3.0 release to improve (and ultimately support) the new single schema model.

As part of that, I’ve also been personally looking to Kodiak MemCloud as a deployment platform. The people at Kodiak have been really helpful (disclaimer: I’ve worked with some of them in the past). MemCloud is a high-performance cloud platform that is based on hardware with high speed (and volume) RAM, SSD and fast Ethernet connections. This means that even without any adjustment and tuning you’ve got a fast platform to work on.

However, if you are willing to put in some extra time, you can tune things further. Once you have a super quick …

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Kafka Replication from MySQL and Oracle

Hello again everybody.

Well, I promised it a couple of weeks ago, and I’m sorry it has been so long (I’ve been working on other fun stuff in addition to this). But I’m pleased to say that we now have a fully working applier that takes data from an incoming THL stream, whether that is Oracle or MySQL, and converts that into a JSON document and message for distribution over a Kafka topic.

Currently, the configuration is organised with the following parameters:

  • The topic name is set according to the incoming schema and table. You can optionally add a prefix. So, for example, if you have a table ‘invoices’ in the schema ‘sales’, your Kafka topic will be sales_invoices, or if you’ve added a prefix, ‘myprefix_schema_table’.
  • Data is marshalled into a JSON document as part of the message, and the structure is to have a bunch of metadata and then an embedded record. You’ll see an …
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Making Real-Time Analytics a Reality — TDWI -The Data Warehousing Institute

My article on how to make the real-time processing of information from traditional transactional stores into Hadoop a reality has been published over at TDWI:

Making Real-Time Analytics a Reality — TDWI -The Data Warehousing Institute.


Filed under: Articles Tagged: analytics, big data, data migration, databases, hadoop, mysql, …

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Real-Time Data Movement: The Key to Enabling Live Analytics With Hadoop

An article about moving data into Hadoop in real-time has just been published over at DBTA, written by me and my CEO Robert Hodges.

In the article I talk about one of the major issues for all people deploying databases in the modern heterogenous world – how do we move and migrate data effectively between entirely different database systems in a way that is efficient and usable. How do you get the data you need to the database you need it in. If your source is a transactional database, how does that data get moved into Hadoop in a way that makes the data usable to be queried by Hive, Impala or HBase?

You can read the full article here: Real-Time Data Movement: The Key to Enabling Live Analytics With Hadoop

 


Filed under: …

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MySQL to Hadoop Step-By-Step

We had a great webinar on Thursday about replicating from MySQL to Hadoop (watch the whole thing). It was great, but one of the questions at the end was ‘is there an easy way to test’.

Sadly we can’t go giving out convenient ready-to-run downloads of these things because of licensing and and other complexities, so I want to try and make it as simple and straightforward as possible by giving you the directions to complete. I’m going to be point to the Continuent Documentation every now and then so this is not too crowded, but we should get through it pretty easily.

Major Decisions

For this to work: 

  • We’ll setup two VMs, one the master (running MySQL), the other the slave (Running Cloudera) …
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Real-Time Replication from MySQL to Cassandra

Earlier this month I blogged about our new Hadoop applier, I published the docs for that this week (http://docs.continuent.com/tungsten-replicator-3.0/deployment-hadoop.html) as part of the Tungsten Replicator 3.0 documentation (http://docs.continuent.com/tungsten-replicator-3.0/index.html). It contains some additional interesting nuggets that will appear in future blog posts.

The main part of that functionality that performs the actual applier for Hadoop is based around a JavaScript applier engine – there will eventually be docs for that as part of the Batch Applier content ( …

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SQL to Hadoop and back again, Part 3: Direct transfer and live data exchange

The third, and final article in my series on migrating data to and from Hadoop and SQL databases is now available:

Big data is a term that has been used regularly now for almost a decade, and it — along with technologies like NoSQL — are seen as the replacements for the long-successful RDBMS solutions that use SQL. Today, DB2®, Oracle, Microsoft® SQL Server MySQL, and PostgreSQL dominate the SQL space and still make up a considerable proportion of the overall market. In this final article of the series, we will look at more automated solutions for migrating data to and from Hadoop. In the previous articles, we concentrated on methods that take exports or otherwise formatted and extracted data from your SQL source, load that into Hadoop in some way, then process or parse it. But if you want to analyze big data, you probably don’t want to wait while exporting the data. Here, we’re going to look at some methods and tools that enable a …

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