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Displaying posts with tag: Generated columns (reset)
Fun with Bugs #86 - On Some Public Bugs Fixed in MySQL 5.7.27

This week new minor releases of MySQL server were announced. Of them all I am mostly interested in MySQL 5.7.27. I plan to concentrate on InnoDB, replication and optimizer bugs reported in public MySQL bugs database and fixed in MySQL 5.7.27. As usual I name bug reporters explicitly and give links to their remaining currently active bug reports, if any.

Let me start with InnoDB bug fixes:

  • Bug #94699 - "Mysql deadlock and bugcheck on aarch64 under stress test". This bug report with a fix for insufficient memory barriers in the rw-lock implementation was contributed by Cai Yibo.
  • Bug #93708 - "Page Cleaner will sleep for long …
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Fun with Bugs #81 - On MySQL Bug Reports I am Subscribed to, Part XVII

Two weeks passed since my previous review of public MySQL bug reports I consider interesting enough to subscribe to them. Over this period I picked up a dozen or so new public bug reports that I'd like to briefly review today.

Here is my recent subscriptions list, starting from the oldest bug reports:

  • Bug #94431 - "Can't upgrade from 5.7 to 8.0 if any database have a hyphen in their name". It seems one actually needs a database like that created in MySQL 5.6 with at least one InnoDB table having FULLTEXT index to hit the problem. Great finding by Phil Murray. Note that after several unsuccessful attempts by others the bug was eventually reproduced and verified by …
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Using MySQL 5.7 Generated Columns to Increase Query Performance

In this blog post, we’ll look at ways you can use MySQL 5.7 generated columns (or virtual columns) to improve query performance.

Introduction

About two years ago I published a blog post about Generated (Virtual) Columns in MySQL 5.7. Since then, it’s been one of my favorite features in the MySQL 5.7 release. The reason is simple: with the help of virtual columns, we can create fine-grained indexes that can significantly increase query performance. I’m going to show you some tricks that can potentially fix slow reporting queries with GROUP BY and ORDER BY.

The Problem

Recently I was working with a customer who was struggling with this query:

SELECT
CONCAT(verb, ' - …
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Generated Columns and ProxySQL Instead of Referenced Tables

In this post, we’ll look at how to improve queries using generated columns and ProxySQL instead of implementing a referenced table.

Developers and architects don’t always have the time or complete information to properly analyze and design a database. That is why we see tables with more fields than needed, or with incorrect types. The best solution is implementing a change in the database schema and/or application level. In this post, we’ll look at an example of generated columns (using a char field) instead of creating a referenced table, and how using generated columns and ProxySQL avoids changes at the application level.

For this example, I will be using the film table of the Sakila database (with some changes). The original film table had a language_id as tinyint, which refers to the language table:

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Understanding Generated Columns

The Theory

Generated Columns is a feature released on MySQL 5.7. They can be used during CREATE TABLE or ALTER TABLE statements. It is a way of storing data without actually sending it through the INSERT or UPDATE clauses in SQL. The database resolves what the data will be.

There are two types of Generated Columns: Virtual and Stored. They work with:

  • mathematical expressions (product_price * quantity)
  • built-in functions (RIGHT(), CONCAT(), FROM_UNIXTIME(), JSON_EXTRACT())
  • literals (“2”, “new”, 0)

Besides that, they can be indexed but they don’t allow …

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MySQL: a few observations on the JSON type

MySQL 5.7 comes with built-in JSON support, comprising two major features:

Despite being added rather recently (in MySQL 5.7.8 to be precise - one point release number before the 5.7.9 GA version), I feel the JSON support so far looks rather useful. Improvements are certainly possible, but compared to for example XML support (added in 5.1 and 5.5), the JSON feature set added to 5.7.8 is reasonably complete, coherent and standards-compliant.

(We can of course also phrase …

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Fun with Bugs #39 - Known Bugs in MySQL 5.7.9 GA

These days everybody is excited with recent announcement of MySQL 5.7.9 GA release. If you are not aware of this event yet (I've noted it from numerous posts even during my short vacation), wait for the Oracle Open World 2015 to begin tomorrow to announce it even wider and louder!

I already have 5.7.9 built from source, up and running, so it's time to check what else we can expect from this new GA release besides new great features (this is a topic for a separate post or two) and usual excitement. Yes, I mean known, verified bugs in MySQL 5.7.9.

Let me start with a quick summary and then present the details. So, even though MySQL Community tried hard to check 5.7.x at early stages and report bugs to Oracle, MySQL 5.7.9 GA has a number of known …

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Generated (Virtual) Columns in MySQL 5.7 (labs)

About 2 weeks ago Oracle published the MySQL 5.7.7-labs-json version which includes a very interesting feature called “Generated columns” (also know as Virtual or Computed columns). MariaDB has a similar feature as well: Virtual (Computed) Columns.

The idea is very simple: if we store a column

`FlightDate` date

in our table we may want to filter or group by year(FlightDate), month(FlightDate) or even dayofweek(FlightDate). The “brute-force” approach: use the above Date and Time MySQL functions in the query; however it will prevent MySQL from using an index (see below). Generated columns will allow you to declare a “Virtual”, non-stored …

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Showing entries 1 to 8