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Displaying posts with tag: query cache (reset)
Stripping Comments so Query Cache Works in MariaDB and XtraDB

I recently noticed both MariaDB and XtraDB (not MySQL yet) have a (newer) variable query_cache_strip_comments.

This variable is great for those who want to append comments to various queries, but still want the query cache to be able to serve such queries. Unfortunately, with MySQL, this is not currently possible.

In the past, I wrote a post on using MySQL Proxy which described a technique of monitoring queries through the proxy by appending IP addresses to the queries so one could track where they originated from. However, one pitfall to that was the MySQL query cache *does not* ignore the comment and treats them all as different queries (see the user comments for further discussion). (I did subsequently enhance that functionality implementing the …

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5 Ways to Boost MySQL Scalability

There are a lot of scalability challenges we see with clients over and over. The list could easily include 20, 50 or even 100 items, but we shortened it down to the biggest five issues we see.

1. Tune those queries

By far the biggest bang for your buck is query optimization. Queries can be functionally correct and meet business requirements without being stress tested for high traffic and high load. This is why we often see clients with growing pains, and scalability challenges as their site becomes more popular. This also makes sense. It wouldn't necessarily be a good use of time to tune a query for some page off in a remote corner of your site, that didn't receive real-world traffic. So some amount of reactive tuning is common and appropriate.

Enable the slow query log and watch it. Use …

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Shinguz: MySQL Query Cache does not work with Complex Queries in Transactions

We did recently a review of one of our customers systems and we found that the Query Cache was disabled even thought it had significant more read than write queries.
When we asked the customer why he has not enabled the Query Cache he mentioned a review that was done a few years ago and which stated that the Query Cache hit ratio was non optimal.
This was verified on a testing system which had the Query Cache enabled by accident.

But we all thought that the Query Cache would make sense in this situation so we investigated a bit more.

They have a Java application where they do pretty complex queries (10 to 30-way Joins) and they Connect with Connector/J to the database. We tried it out in the application on a dedicated system and verified that the Query Cache was not serving our queries but the query did a full dive to the data.

So first we were looking in the MySQL documentation if there is anything stated why …

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Regularly flushing the MySQL Query Cache without cron

This is a reply on Regularly flushing the MySQL Query Cache.

The original acticle is about regulary flushing the MySQL Query Cache as it will fragment over time.

There are some drawbacks for the cron method for flushing the query cache:

  • It will only work on UNIX like platforms as MS Windows uses the task scheduler to schedule tasks.
  • It needs credentials to login to the database.
  • It's not included in your database backup

There is another method, which is native to MySQL: the event scheduler.

Step 1: Enable the event scheduler:
mysql> SET GLOBAL event_scheduler=ON;

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Shinguz: Regularly flushing the MySQL Query Cache

When we analyze our customers systems we see typically a high fragmentation of the query cache after a while. This leads to a less optimal use of the Query Cache than possible.

With the following Query you can see the values for your Query Cache:

| Variable_name           | Value    |
| Qcache_free_blocks      | 11328    |
| Qcache_free_memory      | 89442000 |
| Qcache_hits             | 6595644  |
| Qcache_inserts          | 1041831  |
| Qcache_lowmem_prunes    | 717896   |
| Qcache_not_cached       | 1040936  |
| Qcache_queries_in_cache | 17775    |
| Qcache_total_blocks     | 46990    |

Watch out for the value of Qcache_free_blocks and Qcache_free_memory.

The MySQL documentation states: You can defragment the …

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MySQL caching methods and tips

“The least expensive query is the query you never run.”

Data access is expensive for your application. It often requires CPU, network and disk access, all of which can take a lot of time. Using less computing resources, particularly in the cloud, results in decreased overall operational costs, so caches provide real value by avoiding using those resources. You need an efficient and reliable cache in order to achieve the desired result. Your end users also care about response times because this affects their work productivity or their enjoyment of your service. This post describes some of the most common cache methods for MySQL.

Popular cache methods

The MySQL query cache

When the query cache is enabled, MySQL examines each query to see if the contents have been stored in the query cache. If the results have been cached they are used instead of actually running the query.. This improves the response time …

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Making query cache contention more obvious

The newest release of Percona Server includes a trivial change that I think will be extremely valuable. This is the addition of a new thread state, “Waiting on query cache mutex.” Fixing the query cache to make it scalable is hard. Fixing the server to report when the query cache is a bottleneck is not hard. It has historically been very difficult for users to diagnose what’s wrong with their server when the query cache is locking it intermittently. Now it will be trivial: they will look at SHOW PROCESSLIST and the evidence will be unmistakable.

Related posts:

  1. Making Maatkit more Open Source one step at a time
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How to Improve Query Cache Performance

The MySQL query cache can be very useful in environments where data is not modified often, and traffic consists of mostly reads. It can improve performance by quite a bit if used correctly, but can actually degrade performance if configuration, queries, and traffic patterns are not optimized for it.

Let me quickly go over what the query cache is, and what it is not. The query cache does not cache the query execution plan, the full page on disk (which is what the InnoDB buffer pool is used for), DDL statements, or any queries that modify data (INSERT/UPDATE/etc). The query cache *does* cache the full result set of “cacheable” SELECT queries. For a query to be “cacheable”, it must have the following properties:

  • It must be deterministic. The query must return the same result set each time that it is run. This means that it may not contain any non-deterministic variables, such as …
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mk-query-digest, query comments and the query cache

I very much like the fact that MySQL allows you to embed comments into SQL statements. These comments are extremely convenient, because they are written into MySQL log files as part of the query. This includes the general log, the binary log and the slow query log. Maatkit includes tools which interact with these logs, including mk-query-digest. This tool, in particular, has a very nice option called --embedded-attributes which can process data embedded in query comments.

The support for embedded attributes makes some cool tricks possible. Peter and I co-presented a talk at this past MySQL Conference and Expo. In this talk I presented my Instrumentation-for-PHP class as a demonstration …

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Is the query cache useful?

Mark Callaghan posted a good test of the MySQL query cache in different versions. His tests clearly show that in 5.0.44 and 5.0.84 and 5.1.38, there is more query throughput when the query cache is disabled.

However, the tests are skewed — not on purpose, I am sure, and Mark admits he has not used the query cache before — but they are skewed all the same. Mark’s error was that he assumed he could just turn on the query cache and see if it works. Most features of MySQL do not work that way — you have to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the feature in order to use it properly.

Mark’s benchmark definitely reinforces that turning on the query cache without any knowledge of your system is a bad idea, and I agree with him on that. But it does not in any way mean that the query cache is always a bad idea. In fact, …

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Showing entries 11 to 20 of 27
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