I have a 5G mysqldump which takes 30 minutes to restore from backup. That means that when the database reaches 50G, it should take 30x10=5 hours to restore. Right? Wrong.
Mysqldump recovery time is not linear. Bigger tables, or tables with more indexes will always take more time to restore.
If I restore from a raw backup (LVM snapshot, xtrabackup, innodb hot backup), it is very easy to model how much longer recovery time will take:
Backup is 80G
Copy is at 70MB/s.
10G is already complete.
= ((80-10) * 1024)/70/60 = ~17 minutes
I can tell progress with mysqldump by monitoring the rate at which show global status like 'Handler_write'; increases and compare it to my knowledge of about how many rows are in each table. But progress != a magic number like "17[Read more...]