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Displaying posts with tag: INTERVAL (reset)
Optimizer tracing: Query Execution Plan descriptions beyond EXPLAIN

Understanding why MySQL chooses a particular join order or why table scan is chosen instead of range scan is often very hard even for experienced MySQL users. Two almost identical queries, differing only in constant values, may produce completely different plans. That's why we're introducing a great new feature in 5.6: Optimizer Tracing. The target users of this feature are developers and MySQL users experienced enough to understand the ins and outs of EXPLAIN.

What Optimizer Tracing is
You may already have guessed this, but optimizer tracing is a printout  of important decisions the MySQL optimizer has done during the process of making the Query Execution Plan.

The trace is presented in JSON format which is easy to read both for humans and others.

Currently, the optimizer trace includes …

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Tips and tricks: Killer response time for non-overlapping intervals

Assume you have a table where you store non-overlapping intervals using two columns, e.g. IP ranges. IP ranges are simple to represent using integer notation:

CREATE TABLE ip_owner (    owner_id int NOT NULL,
   /* some columns */    ip_start_int bigint NOT NULL,      /* IP address converted to integer */
   ip_end_int bigint NOT NULL,        /* IP address converted to integer */
   PRIMARY KEY (owner_id),    INDEX ip_range (ip_start_int, ip_end_int) ) ENGINE=InnoDB;

And then you find yourself in a situation where you want to know who, if anyone, owns the IP address X. This can be done using the following query:

SELECT * FROM ip_owner WHERE ip_start_int <= X AND ip_end_int …

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The MySQL range access method explained

The range access method uses an index to read a subset of rows that form one or multiple continuous index value intervals. The intervals are defined by the query's range predicates, which are comparisons using any of =, <=>, IN(), IS NULL, IS NOT NULL, >, <, >=, <=, BETWEEN, !=, <> or LIKE.

Some examples:
SELECT * FROM blog WHERE author_id IN (1, 7, 8, 10) SELECT * FROM orders WHERE value > 1000
You know that the range access method is used when EXPLAIN shows type=range.

Naturally, there has to be an index on the column used by the range predicate. Since indexes are ordered, MySQL will, for each interval, dive down the index using the interval start value and read it's way through the index leaves until it reaches the interval end value:

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Getting rank today, this week and this month

In my previous article I’ve shown how to get rank using mysql query. Now I’m showing how to retrieve result based on today, week and month using mysql query. Actually I also implemented this in my quiz project so I’m sharing this with you.

For the table structure please look my previous article

Task 1: I’ve to retrieve those users rank who played the game today.
Solution: Look at the query

SELECT uid, participated, correct, wrong from quiz_user
    WHERE DAYOFMONTH(CURDATE())=extract(day from updated)
    ORDER BY correct DESC, participated ASC
    limit 30

So the above query returns the result of those users who played today. Here

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Showing entries 1 to 4