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Displaying posts with tag: High Availability (HA) (reset)
What is the default sharding key in MySQL Cluster?

MySQL Cluster does an automatic sharding/partitioning to the tables across data nodes, enabling databases to scale horizontally to serve read and write-intensive workloads, but what is the default sharding key used in partitioning the data?
According to the recent update (Oct, 2016) of the MySQL Cluster white paper, primary key is the default sharding key:

By default, sharding is based on hashing of the primary key, which generally leads to a more even distribution of data and queries across the cluster than alternative approaches such as range partitioning.

However, that is not the case in all MySQL Cluster versions so far!
In this post, I’ll do some test cases on MySQL Cluster (of 4 datanodes) to confirm the default sharding key.

Testing on MySQL Cluster 7.2.26 …

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Partitions number in MySQL Cluster

As stated in the MySQL Cluster documentation:

Partition.  This is a portion of the data stored by the cluster. There are as many cluster partitions as nodes participating in the cluster. Each node is responsible for keeping at least one copy of any partitions assigned to it (that is, at least one replica) available to the cluster.

According to my understanding for the previous paragraph, if we have a cluster of 6 datanodes we should have 6 partitions for each NDB table. I claim that this is not true for all cases – at least, after the introduction of ndbmtd (Multi-Threaded Daemon) in MySQL Cluster 7.2 .
In this post, I’ll do some …

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Do you control your database outages?

Working with a client last week I noted in my analysis, “The mysql server was restarted on Thursday and so the [updated] my.cnf settings seems current”. This occurred between starting my analysis on Wednesday and delivering my findings on Friday.

# more /var/lib/mysql/ip-104-238-102-213.secureserver.net.err
160609 17:04:43 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Normal shutdown

The client however stated they did not restart MySQL and would not do that at 5pm which is still a high usage time of the production system. This is unfortunately not an uncommon finding, that a production system had an outage and that the client did not know about it and did not instigate this.

There are several common causes and the “DevOps” mindset for current production systems has made this worse.

  • You have managed hosting and they perform software updates with/without your knowledge. I have for example worked with several Rackspace …
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Can we set Replication Filters per channel in Multi-Source Replication?

Multi-Source Replication is one of the awesome features in MySQL 5.7 which allows the slave to get the replication streams from multiple masters by having a replication channel for each master.
But what about the replication filters? Can we set replication filters per channel in the multi-source replication?

In brief, replication filtering is a way used to eliminate part of the master’s events (not) to be replicated to the slaves (Also known as Partial Replication). This can be done on either master (using --binlog-do-db and --binlog-ignore-db options) or slaves (using --replicate-* options) while it is not recommended on the master anyway at least to provide Point in Time Recovery (PiTR).

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MySQL High Available with MHA

Providing a suitable High Availability (HA) solution for each database system is one of the challenging tasks for a DBA and here we have to answer some questions like the following ones:

  1. What is the cost for that HA solution?
  2. Is it required to change the system structure or the DB design to use that HA solution?
  3. Is it complicate to understand, use or maintain ?

Choosing the suitable HA solution for each system will depend on the answers of such questions …
In this post, I’m going to write about MySQL Master High Availability MHA as a nice tool which provides HA for MySQL by performing automatic fail-over or fast online master switching with almost no downtime!

Before going through more details about MHA, let’s first answer the previous questions:

  1. MHA is a free opensource tool, no cost to …
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Percona Live MySQL & Expo Conference: GTID Replication slides

If you couldn’t have the chance to attend my session “GTID Replication – Implementation and Troubleshooting” at Percona Live MySQL & Expo Conference in Santa Clara April 13-16, 2015, the slides of my presentation are now available.
The talk was mainly about the new feature in MySQL 5.6 “GTID”, what is the concept, benefits, GTID replication implementation and troubleshooting and how to perform the migration from classic replication to GTID replication in both MySQL 5.6 and 5.7.
If you have any question, feel free to contact me

Showing entries 1 to 6