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Displaying posts with tag: timestamp (reset)

In a few scenarios, I prefer using the data-type TIMESTAMP of MySQL, with the flag ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP. This is much easier and even faster than using a trigger which sets a specified column to NOW() or CURRENT_DATE(). I love this feature, when it comes to set last modified flags of tables. Now, I encountered a problem with a tagging table by using the flag. Every tag in the table has besides the tag-name, also the aggregated number of relations and a timestamp of last update (or the insert). Everything is okay, until you want to update the aggregated column, when the numbers are wrong for any reason.

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Detecting invalid and zero temporal values

I’ve been thinking a lot about invalid and zero temporal values and how to detect them with MySQL date and time functions because mk-table-checksum has to handle “everything” correctly and efficiently. The requirements are complex because we have to take into account what MySQL allows to be stored verses what it allows to be used in certain operations and functions, how it sorts a mix of real and invalid temporal values for MIN() and MAX(), how to detect a temporal value as equivalent to zero, and how different MySQL versions might affect any of the aforementioned.

At base, the four guiding requirements are:

  1. Detect and discard invalid time, date, and datetime values
  2. Detect zero-equivalent temporal values
  3. Do #1 and #2 using only MySQL functions
  4. Work in MySQL 4.0 …
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Creating a MySQL plugin to produce an integer timestamp

This article shows how to create a MySQL-plugin that can be used to create a function which can in turn be used in stored procedures. The function will produce an integer value representing the time (to the nearest usec).

I’m working on an article for conflict detection/resolution when using MySQL Cluster asynchronous replication which requires an integer column to store a timestamp for comparison purposes. In fact, it doesn’t actually need the timestamp to represent an absolute or even a relative point in time – all it cares about is that the if the function is called twice on 2 different hosts that the 2nd call will always result in a larger number than the 1st. Obviously, in a production environment the times on the 2 hosts would need to be kept in sync.

The c code (inttime.c)

#include <mysql.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

my_bool inttime_init(UDF_INIT *initid,UDF_ARGS *args, char *message) {
  return 0;
} …
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Once upon a timestamp(milliseconds)….

Once upon a time`stamp`, in a `data`base far far away, someone filed a bug named: `Microseconds precision is not retained by TIME, DATETIME, and TIMESTAMP field types.` – Bug Number 8523. This was the beginning of 2005, yet now that we are approaching the end of 2009, after 4.5 years, many (including myself) are still asking for this.

In fairness sake, MySQL have indeed supplied a way to retain milli and micro seconds in a decimal field `DECIMAL(17,3)`, and it is also queryable as if it were a timestamp BUT why isn’t it possible to store in a `DATETIME` or `TIMESTAMP` field? Why can’t we run a ’select now()’ or ’select curtime()’ etc and get a full timestamp including milli / micro seconds?

I have counted 37 different usernames asking for this feature, spanning from 15th Feb 2005 to recently. (list found below)

Some have suggested UDFs, others suggested using log4j while others, pretty annoyed, allegedly went …

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Does anybody really know what time it is?

This is a post about SYSDATE() and NOW() and CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() functions in MySQL.

Firstly, note is that of these three, only CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() is part of the SQL Standard. NOW() happens to be an alias for CURRENT_TIMESTAMP() in MySQL.

Secondly, note that replication does not work well with non-deterministic functions. And “hey, what time is it?” is non-deterministic. Ask it twice, with a second apart between asking, and both times you get different results (with at least second precision).

You can start to see the problem here….but there’s more…. (more…)

How To - Convert MySQL Timestamp/Datetime to Unix Timestamp

Background Knowledge

Since MySQL v4.1 timestamp and datetime data types are formatted “YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS”. Prior to MySQL v4.1 the timestamp was formatted as YYYYMMDDHHMMSS” and datetime formatted as “YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS”. Refer to MySQL Reference Manual for further details.

The Unix timestamp differs from MySQL. Unix’s timestamp is a integer value of seconds since January 1, 1970. For further explanation of Unix timestamps refer to Wikiepedia or


In MySQL you can use Unix_Timestamp() function.

Query Example: SELECT …

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Random Timestamps in MySQL

Have you ever needed a random timestamp in MySQL? For example to create demo data programmatically? Here’s my solution:

    UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2007-01-01') +
        RAND() *
) as random_timestamp;

Or if you prefer a function:

CREATE FUNCTION random_timestamp (start TIMESTAMP, end TIMESTAMP)
    UNIX_TIMESTAMP(start) +
    RAND() *

mysql> select random_timestamp('2007-10-01', NOW());
| random_timestamp('2007-10-01', NOW()) |
| 2007-10-05 23:07:11                   |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
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