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Showing entries 1 to 10 of 15 5 Older Entries

Displaying posts with tag: cache (reset)

Cache pre-loading on mysqld startup
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The following quirky dynamic SQL will scan each index of each table so that they’re loaded into the key_buffer (MyISAM) or innodb_buffer_pool (InnoDB). If you also use the PBXT engine which does have a row cache but no clustered primary key, you could also incorporate some full table scans.

To make mysqld execute this on startup, create /var/lib/mysql/initfile.sql and make it be owned by mysql:mysql

SET SESSION group_concat_max_len=100*1024*1024;
SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(CONCAT('SELECT COUNT(`',column_name,'`) FROM `',table_schema,'`.`',table_name,'` FORCE INDEX (`',index_name,'`)') SEPARATOR ' UNION ALL ') INTO @sql FROM information_schema.statistics WHERE …
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Caching could be the last thing you want to do
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I recently had a run-in with a very popular PHP ecommerce package which makes me want to voice a recurring mistake I see in how many web applications are architected.

What is that mistake?

The ecommerce package I was working with depended on caching.  Out of the box it couldn't serve 10 pages/second unless I enabled some features which were designed to be "optional" (but clearly they weren't).

I think with great tools like memcached it is easy to get carried away and use it as the mallet for every performance problem, but in many cases it should not be your first choice.  Here is …



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PBXT 1.5.02 Beta adds 2nd Level Cache
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As many probably already know, PBXT is the first MySQL Storage Engine to use a log-based architecture. Log-based means that data that would normally first be written to the transaction log, and then to the database tables, is just written to the log, and the log becomes part of the database.

This result is that data is only written once, and is always written sequentially. The advantage when writing is obvious, but there is a down side (as always). The data is written to the disk in write order, which is seldom the order in which the data is retrieved. So this results in a lot of random reads to the disk when accessing the data later.



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change accelerator cache ratio
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I was given the task of checking the array accelerator cache ratio and see if it was set to optimal levels. Our ideal preference was a read/write ratio of 0/100.

The machine configuration is HP DL180 G5, 2 x Xeon L5420 2.50GHz, 15.7GB / 16GB 667MHz DDR2, 6 x 300GB-15K SAS.This machine was running mysql 5.1.36 using the innodb plugin.

The command line utility to check the controller configuration is “hpacucli”. Navigating using hpacucli is very straight forward.

“ctrl all show config detail” Will give you the entire controller configuration.

=> ctrl all show config detail

Smart Array P400 in …

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MySQL – IP vs DNS
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A MySQL is running happily on a machine situated in a land far far away. I grant access to a user@machine_aaaaaa (grant select on db.* to ‘user’@'machine_aaaaa’ identified by ‘password’; flush privileges;), send an email to the user saying it should run fine and happily go off my way. Mistake!

It seems this user can’t connect to the mysql gets access denied:
Access denied for user ‘user’@'machine_bbbbb’ (using password: YES)

Note that the machine the user is being seen from is totally different from the one I set up in the grant!! WHY?

run a reverse lookup on the ip of machine_aaaaa, turns out it shows machine_bbbbb. …


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Is the query cache useful?
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Mark Callaghan posted a good test of the MySQL query cache in different versions. His tests clearly show that in 5.0.44 and 5.0.84 and 5.1.38, there is more query throughput when the query cache is disabled.

However, the tests are skewed — not on purpose, I am sure, and Mark admits he has not used the query cache before — but they are skewed all the same. Mark’s error was that he assumed he could just turn on the query cache and see if it works. Most features of MySQL do not work that way — you have to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the feature in order to use it …

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Cache Miss Rate as a function of Cache Size
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I saw Mark Callaghan’s post, and his graph showing miss rate as a function of cache size for InnoDB running MySQL.  He plots miss rate against cache size and compares it to two simple models:


  • A linear model where the miss rate is (1-C/D)/50, and
  • A inverse-proportional model where the miss rate is D/(1000C).

He seemed happy (and maybe surprised) that that the linear model is a bad match and that inverse-proportional model is a good match.  The linear …



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Advanced Squid Caching in Scribd: Hardware + Software Used
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After the previous post in this caching related series I’ve received many questions on hardware and software configuration of our servers so in this post I’ll describe our server’s configs and the motivation behind those configs.

Hardware Configuration

Since in our setup Squid server uses one-process model (with an asynchronous requests processing) there was no point in ordering multi-core CPUs for our boxes and since we have a lots of pages on the site and the cache is pretty huge all the servers ended up being highly I/O …

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Advanced Squid Caching in Scribd: Logged In Users and Complex URLs Handling
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It’s been a while since I’ve posted my first post about the way we do document pages caching in Scribd and this approach has definitely proven to be really effective since then. In the second post of this series I’d like to explain how we handle our complex document URLs and logged in users in the caching architecture.

First of all, let’s take a look at a typical Scribd’s document URL: http://www.scribd.com/doc/1/Improved-Statistical-Test.

As we …

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Query cache and comments
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Update

Ok, as Morgan quickly found out: I'm incredibly stupid. Read his comment and you'll know why. Ok, you'll not know why but you'll know that I am.

Really cool to see Chris taking up blogging as well

He has written nice little example about inserting comments into queries to distinguish the client’s IP when they are funneled through the proxy. Reading the comments about this little trick making the query cache not work, I …

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Showing entries 1 to 10 of 15 5 Older Entries

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