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Showing entries 1 to 10 of 92 10 Older Entries

Displaying posts with tag: Percona XtraDB Cluster (reset)

How to setup a PXC cluster with GTIDs (and have async slaves replicating from it!)
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This past week was marked by a series of personal findings related to the use of Global Transaction IDs (GTIDs) on Galera-based clusters such as Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC). The main one being the fact that transactions touching MyISAM tables (and FLUSH PRIVILEGES!) issued on a giving node of the cluster are recorded on a GTID set bearing the node’s server_uuid as “source id” and added to the binary log (if the node has …

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Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6: a tale of 2 GTIDs
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Say you have a cluster with 3 nodes using Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) 5.6 and one asynchronous replica connected to node1. If asynchronous replication is using GTIDs, moving the replica so that it is connected to node2 is trivial, right? Actually replication can easily break for reasons that may not be obvious at first sight.

Summary

Let’s assume we have the following setup with 3 PXC nodes and one asynchronous replica:

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How to Bootstrap MySQL/MariaDB Galera Cluster
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January 27, 2015 By Severalnines

Unlike standard MySQL server and MySQL Cluster, the way to start a MySQL/MariaDB Galera Cluster is a bit different. Galera requires you to start a node in a cluster as a reference point, before the remaining nodes are able to join and form the cluster. This process is known as cluster bootstrap. Bootstrapping is an initial step to introduce a database node as primary component, before others see it as a reference point to sync up data.

 

How does it work?

 

When Galera starts with the bootstrap command on a node, that particular node will reach Primary state (check …

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Diagnosing SST errors with Percona XtraDB Cluster for MySQL
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State Snapshot Transfer (SST) is used in Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) when a new node joins the cluster or to resync a failed node if Incremental State Transfer (IST) is no longer available. SST is triggered automatically but there is no magic: If it is not configured properly, it will not work and new nodes will never be able to join the cluster. Let’s have a look at a few classic issues.

Port for SST is not open

The donor and the joiner communicate on port 4444, and if the port is closed on …

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Testing backup locks during Xtrabackup SST on Percona XtraDB Cluster
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Background on Backup Locks

I was very excited to see Backup locks support in release notes for the latest Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.21 release. For those who are not aware, backup locks offer an alternative to FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK (FTWRL) in …

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Making HAProxy 1.5 replication lag aware in MySQL
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HAProxy is frequently used as a software load balancer in the MySQL world. Peter Boros, in a past post, explained how to set it up with Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) so that it only sends queries to available nodes. The same approach can be used in a regular master-slaves setup to spread the read load across multiple slaves. However with MySQL replication, another factor comes into play: replication lag. In this case the approach mentioned for  …

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Galera Cluster for MySQL vs MySQL (NDB) Cluster: A High Level Comparison - Webinar Replay & Slides
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Thanks to everyone who attended and participated in last week’s webinar on 'Galera Cluster for MySQL vs MySQL (NDB) Cluster: A High Level Comparison'. If you missed the sessions or would like to watch the webinar again & browse through the slides, they are now available online.

 

In this webinar, Severalnines VP of Products, Alex Yu, who was part of the team at Ericsson who originally developed the NDB storage engine in 2001, gave an overview of the two clustering architectures and discussed their respective strengths and weaknesses: 

  1. MySQL …
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Streamlined Percona XtraDB Cluster (or anything) testing with Consul and Vagrant
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Introducing Consul

I’m always interested in what Mitchell Hashimoto and Hashicorp are up to, I typically find their projects valuable.  If you’ve heard of Vagrant, you know their work.

I recently became interested in a newer project they have called ‘Consul‘.  Consul is a bit hard to describe.  It is (in part):

  • Highly consistent metadata store (a bit like Zookeeeper)
  • A monitoring system (lightweight Nagios)
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Auto-bootstrapping an all-down cluster with Percona XtraDB Cluster
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One new feature in Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) in recent releases was the inclusion of the ability for an existing cluster to auto-bootstrap after an all-node-down event.  Suppose you lose power on all nodes simultaneously or something else similar happens to your cluster. Traditionally, this meant manually re-bootstrapping the cluster, but not any more.

How it works

Given the above all-down situation, if all nodes are able to restart and see each other such that they all agree what the state was and that all …

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Tips from the trenches for over-extended MySQL DBAs
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This post is a follow-up to my November 19 webinar, “Tips from the Trenches: A Guide to Preventing Downtime for the Over-Extended DBA,” during which I described some of the most common reasons DBAs experience avoidable downtime. The session was aimed at the “over-stretched DBA,” identified as the MySQL DBA short of time or an engineer of another discipline without the depth of the MySQL system. The over-stretched DBA may be prone to making fundamental mistakes that cause downtime through poor response time, operations that cause blocking on important data or administrative mishaps through the lack of best practice monitoring and …

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Showing entries 1 to 10 of 92 10 Older Entries

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