Showing entries 11 to 20 of 32
« 10 Newer Entries | 10 Older Entries »
Displaying posts with tag: NDB Cluster (reset)
NDB Parallel Query, part 3

In the previous part we showed how NDB will parallelise a simple
2-way join query from TPC-H. In this part we will describe how
the pushdown of joins to a storage engine works in the MySQL Server.

First a quick introduction to how a SQL engine handles a query.
The query normally goes through 5 different phases:
1) Receive query on the client connection
2) Query parsing
3) Query optimisation
4) Query execution
5) Send result of query on client connection

The result of 1) is a text string that contains the SQL query to
execute. In this simplistic view of the SQL engine we will ignore
any such things as prepared statements and other things making the
model more complex.

The text string is parsed by 2) into a data structure that represents
the query in objects that match concepts in the SQL engine.

Query …

[Read more]
Two More MySQL Books for 2018

Last time I mentioned four great MySQL books for 2018.  I was tactfully reminded of two books I overlooked. First is Dr. Charles Bell's Introducing InnoDB Cluster which I have not read (but it is on order).

Introducing InnoDB Cluster

And last, but not least, is Mikael Ronstrum's MySQL Cluster 7.5 Inside and Out.  This is another book on NDB cluster and is a 'msut have' for those running NDB clusters.

[Read more]
MySQL Cluster and real-time requirements

This blog gives some background to the decisions made when designing the
storage engine NDB Cluster used in MySQL Cluster around how to support
real-time requirements (or as I sometime refer to it, predictable response
time requirements).

Requirement analysisWhen analysing the requirements for NDB Cluster based on its usage in telecom
databases two things were important. The first requirement is that we need to
be able to respond to queries within a few milliseconds (today even down to
tens of microseconds). The second requirement is that we need to do this while
at the same time supporting a mix of simple traffic queries combined with a
number of more complex queries running at the same time.

The first requirement was the main requirement that led to NDB Cluster using a
main memory storage model with durability on disk using a REDO log and
various …

[Read more]
The use of Iptables ClusterIP target as a load balancer for PXC, PRM, MHA and NDB

Most technologies achieving high-availability for MySQL need a load-balancer to spread the client connections to a valid database host, even the Tungsten special connector can be seen as a sophisticated load-balancer. People often use hardware load balancer or software solution like haproxy. In both cases, in order to avoid having a single point of failure, multiple load balancers must be used. Load balancers have two drawbacks: they increase network latency and/or they add a validation check load on the database servers. The increased network latency is obvious in the case of standalone load balancers where you must first connect to the load balancer which then completes the request by connecting to one of the database servers. Some workloads like reporting/adhoc queries are not affected by a small increase of latency but other workloads like oltp processing and real-time logging are. Each load balancers must also check regularly if the database …

[Read more]
Deploying an Active-Active FreeRadius Cluster with MySQL NDB or Galera

January 6, 2014 By Severalnines

MySQL Cluster is a popular backend for FreeRADIUS, as it provides a scalable backend to store user and accounting data. However, there are situations when the backend database becomes a centralized datastore for additional applications and services, and needs to take a more general-purpose role. NDB usually works very well for FreeRADIUS data, but for wider use cases and reporting type applications, InnoDB can be a better storage engine. For users who need to keep their data in InnoDB and still benefit from a highly available clustered datastore, Galera Cluster can be an appropriate alternative.

In this post, we will show you how to deploy FreeRadius both with MySQL Cluster and Galera Cluster to store user and accounting data. All servers are running CentOS 6.4 64bit.


FreeRadius Deployment with Galera


We will deploy a two-node FreeRadius cluster …

[Read more]
High-availability options for MySQL, October 2013 update

The technologies allowing to build highly-available (HA) MySQL solutions are in constant evolution and they cover very different needs and use cases. In order to help people choose the best HA solution for their needs, we decided, Jay Janssen and I, to publish, on a regular basis (hopefully, this is the first), an update on the most common technologies and their state, with a focus on what type of workloads suite them best. We restricted ourselves to the open source solutions that provide automatic failover. Of course, don’t simply look at the number of Positives/Negatives items, they don’t have the same values. Should you pick any of these technologies, heavy testing is mandatory, HA is never beyond scenario that have been tested.

Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC)

[Read more]
Heterogeneous replication with NDB cluster

Recently, I was asked if it is possible to replicate an NDB cluster to a non-NDB MySQL database. So, I tried!

I created the following table on the MySQL master:

Create Table: CREATE TABLE `testrepl` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=ndbcluster DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1

and on the slave:

Create Table: CREATE TABLE `testrepl` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)

Of course, for obvious reasons, NDB only supports row based replication so I configured the master to use row based:

mysql> show global variables like 'binlog_format';
| Variable_name | Value |
| binlog_format | ROW   |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Then I tried and go the following error:

Last_Error: Error 'Incorrect information in file: './mysql/ndb_apply_status.frm'' on opening tables …
[Read more]
Social networking type queries with NDB (part 3)

In the previous 2 posts of this series, we basically talked about how to execute social networking type queries using SQL IN clause and how handle multiple columns IN clause. In this last post on the topic, I will introduce the notion of NDB API filters, although I don’t consider myself as an NDB API expert. Filters are to NDB API the equivalent WHERE clause in SQL. The point is that the filters can be nested and they are sent to the storage nodes only when the transaction is executed.

As an example, let’s consider the following table:

Create Table: CREATE TABLE `MultiColPK` (
  `region_id` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `application_id` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `first_name` varchar(30) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `payload` varchar(30) DEFAULT NULL,
[Read more]
Upcoming webinar on NDB Cluster 7.0 new features

I just learned that there will be a Webinar “What’s New in the Next Generation of MySQL Cluster?”, April 30th. From what I know, the webinar is supposed to be at a good technical level, it is not a marketing like introduction. If you are interested, just register at:

The upcoming MySQL UC 2009

The MySQL UC 2009 is coming and it is time for my own little marketing. As Matt already annonced it a few months ago we (Matt and I) are doing a WaffleGrid presentation, Distributed InnoDB caching with Memcached, Tuesday at 2PM. I am also presenting at the MySQL Camp or unconference, NBD (MySQL Cluster) performance tuning and pitfalls, also Tuesday at 4:25PM.

Showing entries 11 to 20 of 32
« 10 Newer Entries | 10 Older Entries »