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10 Newer Entries Showing entries 61 to 70 of 88 10 Older Entries

Displaying posts with tag: configuration (reset)

Configuring for large databases in MySQL Cluster
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If you need to create a big database into MySQL Cluster with:

  • A lot of tables indexes, columns, and tables
  • A lot of records

there are a few things to think about:

  • If a table has > ~90M records, you have to create the table with MAX_ROWS=<amount of records in table anticipating growth>:
    CREATE TABLE t1(...) ENGINE=ndbcluster MAX_ROWS=200000000;
    This way the data node will allocate more partitions for the table, since there is a limitation in how many records that can be stored in one partition (and the limit is …




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MySQL related bookmark collection
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I am publishing my MySQL related bookmark collection http://www.mysqlpreacher.com/bookmarks/.

Feel free to send me links you think might be good to add in order to help others.

Remember, SHARING IS CARING!!! …. we get so much for free, why shouldn’t we give some back?

Cheers,
Darren

Have you checked your MySQL error log today?
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As a consultant I would be rich if I made money every time when asking “Have you checked the MySQL error log?”

Today’s special found in a 13GB MySQL server error log.

090819 22:49:37InnoDB: Warning: difficult to find free blocks from
InnoDB: the buffer pool (1101071 search iterations)! Consider
InnoDB: increasing the buffer pool size.
InnoDB: It is also possible that in your Unix version
InnoDB: fsync is very slow, or completely frozen inside
InnoDB: the OS kernel. Then upgrading to a newer version
InnoDB: of your operating system may help. Look at the
InnoDB: number of fsyncs in diagnostic info below.
InnoDB: Pending flushes (fsync) …
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Character sets: latin1 vs. ascii
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Unless specified otherwise, latin1 is the default character set in MySQL.

What I usually find in schemes are columns which are either utf8 or latin1. The utf8 columns being those which need to contain multilingual characters (user names, addresses, articles etc.), and latin1 column being all the rest (passwords, digests, email addresses, hard-coded values etc.)

I find latin1 to be improper for such purposes and suggest that ascii be used instead. The reason being that latin1 implies a European text (with swedish …

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Reasons to use innodb_file_per_table
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When working with InnoDB, you have two ways for managing the tablespace storage:

  1. Throw everything in one big file (optionally split).
  2. Have one file per table.

I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the two options, and will strive to convince that innodb_file_per_table is preferable.

A single tablespace

Having everything in one big file means all tables and indexes, from all schemes, are ‘mixed’ together in that file.

This allows for the following nice property: free space can be shared between different tables and different schemes. Thus, if I …

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The importance of report_host & report_port
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The two server variables, report_host and report_port, are not commonly used. One of the reasons, I suspect, is that they do not appear in any of the standard .cnf files provided with a MySQL installation.

For a replication environment, I find these two variables to be very useful.

Where are these variables used?

Here’s a slightly modified exerpt from a MySQL …

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More on variables ambiguities
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Continuing Variables ambiguities in names and values, there are two more issues I wish to present.

First, I’ve shown that variable values may be ambiguous. Thus, 1 and ON are interchangeable. But also 1 and YES.

The important thing to note is that it’s not always like that. You can’t just swap 1 for ON or YES as you will: it depends on the variable. Thus, a specific variable (e.g. query_cache_type) …

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Variables ambiguities in names and values
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Writing up some scripts, I see more and more ambiguities with regard to global variables.

For one thing, the names ambiguity between the hyphen (’-') and the underscore (’_'). So wait_timeout and wait-timeout are the same variable.

But just check out the many levels of inconsistency:

  • Command line arguments (e.g. run mysqld with option variables) use the hyphen convention
  • mysql –verbose –help shows the hyphen convention
  • SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES uses the underscore convention
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What Exactly is Swappiness?
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This is an issue that keeps rearing its ugly head over and over again, and since it greatly affects performance, it is most important that DBAs of any DMBS running on Linux come to grips with it. So I decided to do some research and try different settings on my notebook. Here are my findings.

What can you find on the web?

A Wikipedia search for the word swappiness will come up empty (any volunteers out there want to write an article?). A Google search will show some pretty old material—the best article I found is from 2004: Linux: Tuning Swappiness. This article includes a …

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Lost and Found ?
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Sometimes you just have to laugh at the crazy things that can kill a good evening. I had this brilliant idea to change our replication setup on one of our Master-Master replication server setups this week. I got sick of having to restart MySQL every time we wanted to add a new database and have it included in the list of replicated databases - we were using replicate-do-db in our configs.So it

10 Newer Entries Showing entries 61 to 70 of 88 10 Older Entries

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