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Displaying posts with tag: installation (reset)
MySQL-Sandbox 3.2.03 with customized initialization

MySQL-Sandbox installs the MySQL server in isolation, by rejecting existing option files using the option --no-defaults. This is usually a good thing, because you don't want the initialization to be influenced by options in your /etc/my.cnf or other options files in default positions.

However, such isolation is also a problem when you need to add options during the initialization. One example is innodb-page-size, which can be set to many values, but only if the server was initialized accordingly. Thus, you can't set innodb-page-size=64K in your configuration file because the default value is different. It would fail, as InnoDB would conflict.

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MySQL 8.0 first impressions

MySQL 8.0.0 was released today. It has been some time in the making, shrouded in a veil of secrecy for over one year. We knew, from listening to the gossip and looking at the few available previews, some of what was going to bring. So, for the observant users, its main features may not come as a surprise. For the rest of you, here's a quick roundup:

Notable features

  • No MyISAM tables anymore! The grant tables are now InnoDB, meaning that grant operations are now atomic.
  • A real data dictionary. This change is less visible than the previous one. The data dictionary tables are hidden and only a subset of the data is available through information_schema views. The reason for the hidden tables is to allow a stable interface through several versions. I am …
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MySQL 5.7 ghost users

Several months ago I reported on Default Users in MySQL 5.7. With the addition of the sys schema the server needs an extra user to secure operations. The problem with extra users is that, if you are not aware of their existence and why they are needed, you may easily mismanage them. For example, you may have a cleanup routine that you run when you use a new server, and the routine may have a command like

DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE user != 'root';

This was good up to MySQL 5.6. Then the sys schema was added, and with it the user mysql.sys, which may cause errors if you try to re-create views in the sys schema.

The latest user sneaking below the radar is mysqlxsys. Like its predecessor, …

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Custom commands during MySQL Sandbox installation

MySQL Sandbox 3.1.07 adds several options to execute shell or SQL commands during the sandbox installation.

Figure 1: MySQL Sandbox states and where you can run the hooks

There are 3 options to run shell commands, 2 to run SQL queries, and 2 to run SQL files.

## Shell commands
--pre_start_exec=command : runs 'command' after the installation, before the server starts
--pre_grants_exec=command : runs 'command' after the server starts, before loading the grants.
--post_grants_exec=command : runs 'command' after the loading the grants.

## SQL statements
--pre_grants_sql=query : runs 'query' before loading the grants.
--pre_grants_file=filename : runs SQL file 'filename' before loading the grants.
--post_grants_sql=query : runs 'query' …
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On Upgrades to Percona Server 5.7 GA: Building from Git Source on Fedora

While writing my first post in this series I was bulding Percona Server 5.7 from Git sources on my wife's Fedora Core 23 box based on this manual page, for my collection of test instances. As I build MySQL and related software from sources on different platforms almost every day for 11 years already, the process was completed successfully without much troubles, but there are still some details I'd like to highlight.

Manual says one has to do the following:

$ git clone https://github.com/percona/percona-server.git
$ …
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On Upgrades to Percona Server 5.7 GA: CentOS 6 Case

As you probably noted, Percona had finally released Percona Server 5.7 GA two days ago. I had not paid much attention to this branch during last month or so, but as it's GA now I decided to check what's there, how it works and install/upgrade different boxes and VMs to use it.

For testing purposes and for this series of blog posts I am going to build it from Git source (at least on Fedora Core 23), upgrade to it on 32-bit Ubuntu 15.04 VM, upgrade to it on 64-bit Ubuntu 14.04 laptop, upgrade to it on 64-bit CentOS 6.7 VM and maybe more. If any of the attempts to install/upgrade ends up with something worth sharing, I am going to write about the experience, problems (if any) and solutions.

Yesterday I've spent some …

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Frictionless MySQL installation

I saw an interesting post about the ability of installing MySQL 5.7 without changing existing tools and procedures. The post is a plea to make MySQL installation frictionless.

That post was followed by a conversation on Twitter, where the recent security enhancements are blamed for getting in the way of existing practices and need a rewrite of installation tools.

I know the problem very well, as I have faced the installation change in MySQL Sandbox. SO I can sympathize with the ones who have to change deployment tools that rely on mysql_install_db, which was a Perl script up to version 5.6, then it was replaced with a C++ program in 5.7 and deprecated in the same version.

It occurred to me that, in order to keep the …

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MySQL and Docker on a Mac: networking oddity

This is a quick post only indirectly related to the series of articles about Docker that I have written recently.

Yesterday I was giving a presentation about Docker in Buenos Aires, and as usual I included a long live demo. Almost all went as expected. There was one step that I tried some time ago, and had always worked well, but when I tried to repeat it on stage, it failed miserably:

  • Step 1: run the container
$ docker run  -d --name mybox -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=secret mysql/mysql-server …
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Default users in MySQL 5.7

Among the many New features introduced by MySQL 5.7, we can notice a strong trend towards improving the server security by default. Two features stand out in this respect:

  • A password-less root is no longer the default for new installations. Unless you say otherwise, the default installers mysqld --initialize and the deprecated mysql_install_db will generate a random password which the user needs to change.
  • The anonymous accounts are no longer created by default. When you start MySQL, you only get the root user (and a new one: read on).

The above features are a great advance not only for security but also for usability. The anonymous users were a continuous source of mismatched connections, …

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MySQL-Docker operations. - Part 3: MySQL replication in Docker


Previous Episodes:

MySQL-Docker operations. - Part 1: Getting started with MySQL in DockerMySQL-Docker operations. - Part 2: Customizing MySQL in Docker
With the material covered in the first two articles, we have all the elements needed to set up replication in Docker. We just need to put the pieces together.
If you want to do everything by hand, it will only take a few minutes. The steps are not complicated. If you have followed the reasoning in the past episodes, you will know what to do.
Or, you can make your life easier by using the ready-made scripts available in Github as MySQL …

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