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Displaying posts with tag: optimizer trace (reset)

The range access method and why you should use EXPLAIN JSON
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I got an interesting question about EXPLAIN and the range access method recently. The person had a query that could be written either with a BETWEEN predicate or an IN predicate, something similar to this:

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT * 
-> FROM orders WHERE customer_id BETWEEN 7 AND 10 AND value > 500;
+----+-------------+--------+-------+----------+----------+------+------
| id | select_type | table | type | key | key_len | rows | Extra
+----+-------------+--------+-------+----------+----------+------+------
| 1 | SIMPLE | orders | range | cust_val | 10 | 91 | ... …





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On queries with many values in the IN clause
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A few customers with rather extreme needs have contacted us about a performance issue with the range optimizer. Our solution to the problem is to introduce a new variable in MySQL 5.6, eq_range_index_dive_limit, which can be used to control whether or not the range optimizer will a) do index dives, or b) use index statistics when estimating the number of rows in the ranges of the query. The former method gives a far more accurate estimate while the latter costs a lot less to compute.

This is what the help text has to tell about the variable:

The optimizer will use existing index statistics instead of doing index dives for …



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Optimizer tracing: how to configure it
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In this blog post, my colleague Jørgen Løland described a new feature of MySQL 5.6: Optimizer Tracing. I recommend reading his article, as it presents this new feature in a simple, easy-to-read manner.

The Optimizer Tracing feature can help understanding what the Optimizer is doing; it is available since milestone 5.6.3, announced October 3rd at Oracle Open World (here is the changelog). It's good to see it mature now; I …

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Optimizer tracing: Query Execution Plan descriptions beyond EXPLAIN
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Understanding why MySQL chooses a particular join order or why table scan is chosen instead of range scan is often very hard even for experienced MySQL users. Two almost identical queries, differing only in constant values, may produce completely different plans. That's why we're introducing a great new feature in 5.6: Optimizer Tracing. The target users of this feature are developers and MySQL users experienced enough to understand the ins and outs of EXPLAIN.

What Optimizer Tracing is
You may already have guessed …


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