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Displaying posts with tag: Hardware and Storage (reset)
Testing Samsung SSD SATA 256GB 830 – not all SSD created equal

I personally like PCIe based Flash, but from a pricing point our customers are looking for cheaper alternatives. SATA SSD is an options. There is many products based on MLC technology, and Intel 320 I would say is the most popular. I do not particularly like its write performance – I wrote about it before, that’s why I am looking for comparable alternatives. Samsung 830 256GB looked like a good product, that’s why I decided to test it.

For tests I use sysbench fileio, 16KiB block size (to match workload from InnoDB, as this is primary usage for me), and recently I switched to use async IO mode. There are two reasons for that. First, MySQL/InnoDB uses async writes, so this will emulate database load, and second, async mode allows to see maximal possible throughput, it does not show …

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Diamond Keynote Panel, BOFs, Lightning Talks, and McAfee and AOL Sponsorships

I’m excited by all of the recent developments surrounding the Percona Live MySQL Conference and Expo! Our own Baron Schwartz will moderate the Diamond Keynote Panel entitled “Future Perfect: The Road Ahead for MySQL” which will feature a panel of MySQL industry leaders, including: Sundar Raghavan, director product management at Amazon; Paul Mikesell, CEO of Clustrix; a representative from HP; and, a representative from McAfee. The Diamond Sponsor Keynote Panel will take place at 9:30 a.m. on Thursday, April 12th and provide insight into the future of MySQL technology, adoption, and the ecosystem landscape. I am also very pleased to introduce two new sponsors including McAfee which recently joined as a Diamond Sponsor and AOL which …

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BOFs and Lightning Talks Announced for Percona Live MySQL Conference & Expo

The Percona Live MySQL Conference & Expo is going to be awesome! Great speakers, an A-list of sponsors, countless opportunities to engage with the community, and an enthusiastic crowd of MySQL users ensure this is going to be a great event. The conference features 72 breakout sessions, keynotes by leading industry luminaries, an optional day of 16 tutorial sessions, a bustling exhibit hall, and numerous opportunities to connect with other community members.

I am pleased to announce the conference Birds of a Feather sessions and Lightning Talks. Birds of a Feather sessions will be Tuesday and Wednesday nights following the evening receptions. Lightning Talks will be …

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Percona Server vs MySQL on Intel 320 SSD

If you are terrified by the stability of the results in MySQL in my previous post, I am going to show what we can get with Percona Server. This is also to address the results presented there Benchmarking MariaDB-5.3.4

The initial benchmark is described in Benchmarks of Intel 320 SSD 600GB, and the result for MySQL 5.5.20 in case with 4 (46GB of data) and 16 tables (184GB of data) you can see in my experiments with R graphics.

How do we solve it in Percona Server ? There is whole set of improvement we made, like: …

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Benchmarks of Intel 320 SSD 600GB

I have a chance to test a system with Intel 320 SSD drives (NewRelic provided me with an access to the server), and compare performance with SAS hard drives.

System specification

  • Dell PowerEdge R610
  • Memory: 48GB
  • CPU: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU X5650
  • RAID controller: Perc H800
  • RAID configuration: RAID 5 over 11 disks + 1 hot spare. RAID 5 is chosen for space purposes. In this configuration using 600GB disk, we can get 5.5T of useful space
  • Intel drives: Intel 320 SSD 600GB
  • HDD drives: Seagate Cheetah 15K 600GB 16MB Cache SAS
  • Filesystem: XFS, mkfs.xfs -s size=4096, mount -o nobarrier

For the benchmark I took a sysbench uniform oltp rw workload. 256 tables, 50mil rows each, which gives in total 3T of data.
To vary a ratio memory/data I will vary an …

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Is your MySQL Application having Busy IO by Oracle Measures ?

Preparing Choosing Storage Systems for MySQL talk for Percona Live in Washington,DC I ran into great paper called Sane SAN 2010 by James Morle from Scale Abilities – and Oracle consulting company. It is worth to read for variety of reason yet for this post I wanted to mention what James calls “Busy” Oracle database application when it comes to IO consumption:

It is applications either using Over 10.000 IOs Per second (latency sensitive) or using Over 500MB/s bandwidth (bandwidth sensitive). I wonder how many of MySQL Users are running applications of these scale, for single …

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Virident FlashMAX MLC in tpcc-mysql workload

As I mentioned in previous post on Virident FlashMAX MLC, beside sysbench benchmark, I also run tpcc-mysql (to compare performance Virident FlashMAX vs Fusion-io ioDrive Duo)

The report with results is there:

The graphical result for tpcc-mysql 5000W:

My conclusions from this benchmark:

  • Virident FlashMAX provides stability of performance and reveals a denser throughput.
  • In addition to stability, in many cases there is also a better throughput in MySQL (up to 40\%) using the Virident …
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MLC SSD card lifetime and write amplification

As MLC-based SSD cards are raising popularity, there is also a raising concern how long it can survive. As we know, a MLC NAND module can handle 5,000-10,000 erasing cycles, after which it gets unusable. And obviously the SSD card based on MLC NAND has a limited lifetime. There is a lot of misconceptions and misunderstanding on how long such card can last, so I want to show some calculation to shed a light on this question.

For base I will take Virident FlashMAX M1400 (1.4TB) card. Virident guarantees 15PB (PB as in petabytes) of writes on this card.
15PB sounds impressive, but how many years it corresponds to ? Of course it depends on your workload, and mainly how write intensive it is. But there are some facts that can help you to estimate.

On Linux you can look into the /proc/diskstats file, which shows something like:

 251       0 vgca0 30273954 0 968968610 …
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Review of Virident FlashMAX MLC cards

I have been following Virident for a long time (e.g. They have great PCIe Flash cards based on SLC NAND.
I always thought that Virident needed to come up with an MLC card, and I am happy to see they have finally done so.

At Virident’s request, I performed an evaluation of their MLC card to assess how it handles MySQL workload. As I am very satisfied with the results, I wish to share my findings in this post.

But first, I wish to offer an overview of the card.

Virident FlashMax Cards are …

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Clustrix benchmarks under tpcc-mysql workload

I’ve been working with Clustrix team for long time on the evaluation of Clustrix product, and this is the report on performance characteristics of Clustrix under tpcc-mysql workload.

I tested tpcc 5000W (~500GB of data in InnoDB) on Clustrix systems with 3, 6, 9-nodes and also, to have base for comparison, ran the same workload on HP ProLiant DL380 G6 powered by Fusion-io card, and on SuperMicro server powered by 7 Intel SSD 320 cards (this server is equal to hardware that Clustrix uses for its nodes).

The full report is available on our page with whitepapers, and in this post I would like to highlight the most interesting points.

The chart with comparison of all systems ( results in throughput per 10 sec, more is …

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