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Showing entries 1 to 30 of 33 Next 3 Older Entries

Displaying posts with tag: Linux Apache MySQL PHP (reset)

[CentOS] OpenVZ – container based virtualization quick guide. Part 2
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In this guide, we will be exploring how to use the tools which come with OpenVZ and setup a internet facing container/vm. This part of the guide also assumes you have followed part 1 to setup the container already and have a working environment.

In part 1, we setup a CentOS container which we could enter/exit but we didn’t do anything else on the network. What we want to do is set it up so we have the ability to bridge our hosts’ network and define static IP for network interface.


yum install bridge-utils

[root@tooncent ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
# Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5761


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[CentOS] OpenVZ – container based virtualization quick guide. Part 1 of 2
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This quick guide will walk you through setting up OpenVZ on CentOS. I followed these steps on CentOS release 5.5 x64 version. If you want more detail on install via different methods and/or have different flavor of CentOS and run into an issue, you can follow instructions provided by OpenVZ site. Once you are done with this guide, you will have CentOS container running for you to play with.

For my purposes, I started with very basic installation of CentOS 5.5. I have done this on existing installations of CentOS without any issues as well. Ok so let’s start with getting the OpenVZ repository added to our system. This means that we will be going down “yum” path instead of “rpm” path. This is the quickest and easiest way to get OpenVZ installed.

cd

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[Bash] Performing array intersection with Bash
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I am currently working on a project to deploy new website builds to a
small number of servers. I needed something simple and reliable that could
be built in a very short period of time. I decided to whip something up in
bash with the intent of refining it in Python later.

As I began to write this code, I realized that it probably would have been
quicker to do it in Python from the start. I decided to stick with bash as
somewhat of an academic exercise. The vast majority of these deployment
scripts were trivial; check the code out of git, create a manifest, package
it up, spew it to the servers, etc, etc. The problem came during the last
step. We decided to use a symlink to point to the active build out of a
number of builds that could be available on the server at any given time.
Since all of our servers should be









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How do you print number of files for each folder in a directory [Linux]
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I have been annoyed by the fact that I couldn’t easily print file count for all of the folders in certain directory.  Most of the time I just want to see what space each folder is using (du -hs *) but there are times when I need to know how many files are in each folder (checking cache folder, session folders etc).   So I whipped together a command line which does just that for me:

for i in `find -maxdepth 1 -type d`; do  echo -n $i " ";find $i|wc -l; done

I am sure there are many different ways to show file count for each folder in a directory and I am curious to see what people do so please do post comments with what you do.

Above command is pretty simple and can be expanded to do whatever you need.  For example, you can throw it into a bash script and be able to pass parameters.  For example:  count_files /home/  In this case

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PHP: Curl being slow from php call on CentOS 5.4
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I ran into an issue where curl request run within few ms from command line but same url fetch was taking over 10 secs. After doing some debugging and research it turned out that call to check (getaddr ipv6 was timing out. Obviously you can do multiple things to fix this (including enabling ipv6 support) but since I did not have a need for ipv6 (it is disabled in my network configuration), I decided to recompile curl and disable ipv6. Here is the command for recompiling curl and installing into /usr/local/curl directory with ipv6 disabled.

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/curl –disable-ipv6

————————————-
DISCLAIMER: Please be smart and use code found on internet carefully. Make backups often. And yeah.. last but not least.. I am not responsible for any damage caused by this

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Virus: What is mygener.im virus on facebook?
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If you are a facebook user, please be aware that mygener.im virus is spreading quickly on facebook. From what I have seen online so far, it seems to redirect to a site which probably is stealing data from you computer and/or installing trojans. Initially it looks like this site allows to create generation tree and looks like a legit domain. This is being spread via messages to you from other friends of yours who are “infected”.

One of the things you can do to prevent getting “infected” is to not click on any links on facebook. Even if it comes from friends you trust.  It would also be a good idea to arm your self with the best virus protection software.  If you do click on a link, make sure you don’t enter any login/passwords  on any sites you end up on.

Here is an article on eHow

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Health: H1N1 Swine Flu Google Map
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There has been a lot of talk on the news about the swine flu and how it is spreading fast and a lot of people are affected. Here is something worth checking out, a google map with incidents marked with information on areas affected, how many dead, infection reported, etc.

http://tinyurl.com/cosuzr

Watch where you hang out and if you are feeling any symptoms, go see a doctor.

Here is some info from  wikipedia:

Mexican officials state that since March 2009 there have been over 1600 reported cases and put the death toll at 149, with 20 confirmed to be linked to a new swine


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Telnet: shell script to issue commands to telnet session.
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This is a quick post to show how one can issue commands to telnet session from a shell script or command line with out going into interactive mode. I use this to get stats from our memcache servers or issue a flush_all via telnet from a script/cron.

So without further delay, following command will telnet to local memcached server on port 11211 and issue one of the memcached commands, stats

(sleep .5;echo stats) | telnet localhost 11211
You may have to play with the sleep timer to get it to work for your environment but in our .5 was the sweet spot. Good luck and let me know if you have another shell command. Obviously we can do this from perl, php, python, etc but the beauty of this is that you do not need

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RewriteRule: How to avoid passing query string when you redirect.
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Today I ran into an issue which I could not figure out for quite a while. I was trying to redirect a url to another url using RewriteRule. It was supposed to be a pretty straightforward redirect which made it even more annoying than complicated ones. Hopefully somebody is able to explain what I am missing here and if my solution is a good solution or not.

I needed to redirect a url:  http://www.example.com/testpage.php?foo=bar to http://www.example.com/

So I added this to .htaccess file:

RewriteRule ^testpage\.php / [R=301,L]

This did do a 301 redirect as I wanted but query string passed so my redirected url looked like:  http://www.example.com/?foo=bar

Obviously this is not what I wanted so in order for me to fix it, I had to take a rather lame approach.  My new redirect is:

RewriteRule ^testpage\.php

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SVN: How do you use svn command line on Windows with ssh tunneling?
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If you ever used svn command line, you know it is not optimal to type in your password every time you do checkout, checkin, info, etc.  In linux world, it is very easy to setup keys to get around this.  Of course in the world of Windows it is not as easy.  Here are the steps you need to follow to get private/public keys working with your SVN under Windows using ssh tunneling.

Assumptions:  you will be connecting as user “root” to svn server located at “10.0.0.1″.  All your files will be saved at c:\ including your svn command line utility

First we will have to generate a key.  We can accomplish this by using a free utility called

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sshfs: How do you install sshfs and fuse? [CentOS/Linux/Redhat]
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One may wonder what is sshfs and why would you want it?  Well simply put, sshfs allows you to mount another server’s filesystem into a folder on your local system which in the background is doing ssh commands and transfers.  As a mounted folder, you are able to move about and copy files back and forth as everything was on local server.  As you can see this makes it very easy for you to work with files on multiple servers.

Note:  you only have to do the following installations on the server where you are doing the mounts on.

Let us download and install the filesystem framework which is a requirement for sshfs called fuse.

wget http://voxel.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/fuse/fuse-2.7.4.tar.gz
tar zxpfv fuse-*.gz
cd fuse*
./configure

If you get the following error, you will either have to point to the




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Lance Armstrong come back to cycling to raise awareness of the global cancer burden
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I know this is not one of my normal type of posts, but I really wanted to get this out to raise some awareness on the topic of cancer which most of us do not think about because it does not affect us directly.  It is sad how many people are affected by cancer and how many people die every year because of losing fight with cancer.

It is wonderful when famous people who can help make a difference do things to help a cause.  One of those people is Lance Armstrong, winner of Tour de France a record-breaking seven consecutive years.  He is also a cancer survivor.   Today I found out that Lance Armstrong announced that he is coming back to professional cycling in order to raise cancer awareness. Below is the full press release from

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Linux: How do you find out what your server’s outgoing ip is?
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There are many times when I needed to find out my outgoing (or external) IP for the servers which are behind load balancers or firewalls.  I used to just login to another external server from the server in question and find out by looking at “who” what my external ip is.  Even though it works and I am so used to it, today I decided to figure out a more graceful way of finding my outgoing ip.  As most of us already know, whatismyip.com is the quickest way to find out your outgoing ip from the browser.  So I decided to use the same way on the servers.  So I issued a wget:

wget http://www.whatismyip.org

Well that does the trick.  But being lazy as I am, I did not want to have to cat the output file to find out the ip (plus there is no point of creating extra files and

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Quick tip: how do you rename all files so spaces are converted to underscores?
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My friend today asked me how to convert all spaces in filenames under a specified directory to underscores. Also, at the same time lowercase all of the filenames. Here is a quick script to do what is needed. Let us start with creating some test data in a temp directory:

mkdir temp
cd temp
touch Foo FooO "Foo Bar" "FOO BAaR"
\ls | while read -r FILENAME
do
mv -v "$FILENAME" `echo $FILENAME| tr ' ' '_'| tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'`
done

Note:  I intentionally have slash in front of ls (\ls).  \ls means that we want to make sure there is no ls alias overwriting our command. This is needed if your system has alias setup to display ls in a different way instead of default listing.  mv -v shows us the filenames being renamed as your script goes through the whole dir.  Your output should be like:

`Foo' -> `foo'







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Apache/http monitoring: monitor http traffic in realtime using httptop
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Server monitoring is a big part of running a solid web site.  As an admin, you must know what is going on your server.  One of the tools most Linux/Unix admins are used to is called “top”.  “top” by itself is a very powerful tool.  Here is a quick guide on how to read output from top:  introduction to load averages under top.  It just makes sense that somebody went and created httptop to monitor http traffic.

Install perl modules:

install Term::ReadKey
install File::Tail
install Time::HiRes

Now copy paste the script below and save it in a location and set +x attribute on it so you



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Linux: yum options you may not know exist.
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Most of the users who work with distributions such as: centos, fedora, redhat, etc use yum as a package update/installer. Most of them know how to do “yum update [packagename]” (to update all or [certain packages]) or they do “yum install packagename” to install certain package(s). But yum can do so much more. Here are some options you may find useful:

Following command will search for the string you specified. Generally this will give you all of the packages which has specified string in title or description. Most of the time you will have to look through a lot of output to find what you are looking for.

yum search string

Probably one of the most important options for yum is provides/whatprovides. If you know what command you need, you can find out what package you have to install in order to have that command available to

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MySQL: Fix Microsoft Word characters. Shows weird characters on the web page.
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As a consultant, I do a lot of content migrations for clients. One issue I run into quite often is the encoding of databases, tables, columns differs between source and destination. Most clients do not want me to go and change the way their encoding is to fix issues since they are too afraid about messing with production data. Of course amongst other issues, it creates weird characters for data which is copied/pasted from Microsoft Word. You see weird characters like: ’ … – “ †‘

So if you just want to replace these with appropriate symbols, you may do it with a simple sql query. Note that below queries are without where clause. You may what to test it with one of your rows before making changes to the whole table. Of course, you should always backup your data before you try

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Subversion: What to do when your repository server moves to another ip?
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This weekend our networking guys decided to change ips for all of our servers. They also changed our subversion server’s ip. This caused some issues in the subversion world with developers who had checkouts pointing to ips instead of hostname, using command similar to:

svn co svn+ssh://192.168.1.10/svn/myrepos/ /home/mycheckout/

Now when they do “svn update” inside the their /home/mycheckout/ directory, they get an error:

We needed to point the checkout to the new ip. Easiest way to do this is to delete your checkout and re-checkout. Unfortunately, some of the developers had a lot of modified files which wasn’t checked in yet. I fixed it by issuing:

find /home/mycheckout -name "entries"|xargs /usr/bin/perl -w -i -p -e "s/192.168.1.10/10.1.1.10/g"

Find command helps us in finding all the files with



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Apache2 gzip compression: How do I speed up my website download time?
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One of the things people tend to forget is the ability for web servers to compress content before sending it back to client. Client’s browser then uncompresses the data and displays it to the user. Pretty much all of the recent browsers support gzip compression. In this post, I will go over how to setup apache2 to use compression. First let’s see if your Apache installation has “deflate” enabled. You can check to see if you have deflate by typing:

# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t -D DUMP_MODULES
Loaded Modules:
...
deflate_module (static)
...
Syntax OK

If you don’t have have deflate_module, you would have to recompile your apache with “–enable-deflate” option.

Going forward, I am going to assume you have deflate_module. Add the following to your apache conf file:






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MySQL: How do you install innotop to monitor innodb in real time?
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Innotop is a very useful tool to monitor innodb information in real time. This tool is written by Baron Schwartz who is also an author of “High Performance MySQL, Second edition” book. [Side note: I highly recommend getting this book when it comes out (in June, 08?). Other authors include: Peter Zaitsev, Jeremy Zawodny, Arjen Lentz, Vadim Tkachenko and Derek J. Balling.] Quick summary of what innotop can monitor (from: http://innotop.sourceforge.net/): InnoDB transactions and internals, queries and processes, deadlocks, foreign key errors, replication status, system variables and status and much more.

Following are the instructions on how to install innotop on CentOS x64/Fedora/RHEL (Redhat enterprise). Most probably same instructions can be used on all flavors of Linux. If not, leave me a comment and I will research a solution for you. Let us start with downloading

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Oh dear MySQL slave, where did you put those rows?
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I need help from my fellow mysql users.  I know some of the people who read this are alot better then me with mysql so hopefully you can help

So today we decided that we are going to migrate one of our master database servers to new hardware.  Since we got the hardware this morning and we wanted to move on to it asap, we decided that we will take our slave down, copy data from it, and bring it up on future master server.  At that point, we will let it run as slave to the current master server until its time for us to take it down.  Reason we did that instead of mysqldump/import was to avoid the lag mysqldump creates on our server.

After we did all this and put up the new master server, we started to notice odd issues.  After looking around and comparing old db with new, we found out that

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Forums @ crazytoon.com is up!
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I have thought about putting up forums on my blog for LONG time and even thought about writing my own. But after playing with phpBB3 for a while on my other site (http://totalplaystation.com/forum), I have decided to use it instead. Let’s just face it; I don’t have the time or resources to write all of the functionality phpbb3 provides. Isn’t it a big reason why we all love open source?

If any of the phpbb guys read this, Thank you and keep up the good work!

Check out the forums: http://crazytoon.com/forum/ and feel free to post  questions, comments, suggestions, rants, etc.

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MySQL: How do I dump each record from a table to a separate files in csv format?
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I honestly do not know why somebody would want to export each record from a table in to its’ own files in a csv format. I am sure people have their own reasons. But since I got request from couple people, I figure I would post a solution here. Same script can be used to dump the whole table in to one csv file as well, with little tweaking. I will start with creating database with a table. I then insert three rows with test data into the table just to show three separate files creation.

mysql> CREATE DATABASE testdump;
mysql> USE testdump
mysql> CREATE TABLE `testtable` (
`id` TINYINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY ,
`testfield` VARCHAR( 15 ) NOT NULL ,
`testfield2` VARCHAR( 15 ) NOT NULL
) ENGINE = innodb COMMENT = 'test table for dumping each row to file';
mysql> INSERT INTO `testtable` values






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Linux: How do you rename a user account in linux?
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In Linux, there is no command which will rename a user account. If you make a mistake creating a user account, user changes their name or if user does not like his user name, there is no real easy way of going and making the change. Only thing I know you can do is to go through some files and rename user manually. Let us say that we have a user who is named joe and we want to rename him to john.

Note: you must be logged in as root to do following.

vi /etc/passwd
find joe and change it to john, save/exit

vi /etc/group
find joe and change it to john, save/exit

vi /etc/shadow
find joe and change it to john. This file is read only and you have to force overwrite it. In vi it is :w! once saved, quit.

cd /home
mv joe john

And that should do the trick.

[Edited] Right after I posted this post, I was





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MySQL: How do you use symlinks with MySQL tables?
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Creating table symlinks in MySQL is very easy and it is probably one of the features a lot of MySQL users overlook or never think about. You may ask, why would I want to use symlinks? Some of the reasons you would want symlinks is if you are running low on disk space on the partition where your data generally is and/or you want to move one (or more) table(s) on to a different disk/partition for performance reasons.

One of the things worth mentioning is that MySQL documentation states: “Symlinks are fully supported only for MyISAM tables. For files used by tables for other storage engines, you may get strange problems if you try to use symbolic links.” Keeping that in mind, if you have a innodb table and would like to create symlinks for, you should change the engine type to myisam before symlinking. Although, I have heard and personally used symlinks for innodb

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Linux: How do you display specific information at login prompt in Linux on the console?
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Buddy of mine asked me a question over chat today: “how do I show my machines’ IP at login prompt with out logging in?” He is referring to his Virtual Machine in this case. He does not want to have to log in to the server to see what ip it has (since its on dhcp) for him to ssh in or hit it from the browser. I could have answered him with a simple how to but what is the fun in that? So I decided to give some background on how login prompts are done and show what can be done.

When Linux server boots up, it calls a program called mingetty. This program creates that infamous login prompt as show in a screenshot:

You can see how server calls the mingetty program by looking at /etc/inittab. You will see a block like below:

# Run

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MySQL Replication Series (tip #1): what should be replicated and what should not be replicated?
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Welcome to Tip #1 in MySQL Replication Series. In this tip we will go over what to do when you only want to replicate certain data to slave(s). Most general way to tell what is replicated to which slave is to include following configuration directive in my.cnf file depending on your environment and your goals. We will start with slave server side options since you have more flexibility on slave on what to replicate and what not to.

Slave server options:

  • replicate-do-db = dbname (or) replicate-do-db = dbname1, dbname2, …, dbnameN
    This option is used on slave server to tell the server to only replicate dbname db on this particular host. You would want to use this if you have a master which is replicating to multiple slaves and each slave may contain different database for read performance reasons.
  • replicate-ignore-db =

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MySQL Replication Series: How does MySQL replication work?
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Setting up replication is not hard and can be done by following simple directions. You can learn setting up two type of replication MySQL offers here: master-master replication and master-slave replication. Once you have replication set up, you can start playing with it without doing any more changes to the configuration. But let us face it, using replication in production environment and for sites which are either going live or are live, requires deeper knowledge of how replication can be used and what it can (or can not) do. We will start this “MySQL Replication Series”

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MySQL: Solution for ERROR 1442 (HY000): Can’t update table ‘t1′ in stored function/trigger because it is already used by statement which invoked this stored function/trigger.
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Here is a sample table you can create to test following problem/solution on: CREATE TABLE `t1` ( `a` char(1) default NULL, `b` smallint(6) default NULL ); insert into t1 values ('y','1'); I have a table t1 which has column a and b, I want column a to be updated to ‘n’ when column b = 0. Here is the first version [...]
MySQL: How do you set up master-master replication in MySQL? (CentOS, RHEL, Fedora)
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Setting up master-master replication in MySQL is very similar to how we set up master/slave replication. You can read up about how to setup master/slave replication in my previous post: How to set up master/slave replication in MySQL. There is obviously pros and cons about using master/master replication. But this is not [...]   [Read more...]
Showing entries 1 to 30 of 33 Next 3 Older Entries

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