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Displaying posts with tag: drop database (reset)

Recover Table Structure From InnoDB Dictionary
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When a table gets dropped MySQL removes respective .frm file. This post explain how to recover table structure if the table was dropped.

You need the table structure to recover a dropped table from InnoDB tablespace. The B+tree structure of InnoDB index doesn’t contain any information about field types. MySQL needs to know that in order to access records of InnoDB table. Normally MySQL gets the table structure from .frm file. But when MySQL drops a table the respective frm file removed too.

Fortunately there is one more place where MySQL keeps the tables structure . It is the InnoDB dictionary.

InnoDB dictionary is a set of tables where InnoDB keeps some information about the tables. I reviewed them in details is a separate InnoDB Dictionary post earlier. After the DROP InnoDB deletes

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Recover after DROP TABLE. Case 2
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Introduction

In the previous post we described the situation when TwinDB recovery toolkit can be used to recover accidentaly dropped table in the case innodb_file_per_table=OFF setting.
In this post we will show how to recover MySQL table or database in case innodb_file_per_table is ON. So, let’s assume that mysql server has setting innodb_file_per_table=ON. This option tells InnoDB to store each table with user in a separate data  file.

We will use for recovery test the same database sakila, that was used in the previous post.

root@test:/var/lib/mysql/sakila# ll
total 23468
drwx------ 2 mysql mysql     4096 Jul 15 04:26 ./
drwx------ 6 mysql mysql     4096

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Recover after DROP TABLE. Case 1
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Introduction

Human mistakes are inevitable. Wrong “DROP DATABASE” or “DROP TABLE” may destroy critical data on the MySQL server. Backups would help however they’re not always available. This situation is frightening but not hopeless. In many cases it is possible to recover almost all the data that was in the database or table.
Let’s look how we can do it. The recovery plan depends on whether InnoDB kept all data in a single ibdata1 or each table had its own tablespace . In this post we will consider the case innodb_file_per_table=OFF. This option assumes that all tables are stored in a common file, usually located at /var/lib/mysql/ibdata1.

Wrong action – table deletion

For our scenario we will use test database sakila that is shipped together with the tool.
Suppose we drop my mistake table


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Removing all databases from a MySQL instance
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Many out there will have different ideas about this, some using procs, some using a function, others using a shell script. Well I didn’t want to spend much time on it so decided a group_concat(concat would be enough.
There is no genius, rather laziness :) but what if you have a hundred databases and you want to drop them all?

mysql Thu Mar  3 13:50:06 2011 > pager sed 's/,/ /g'
PAGER set to 'sed 's/,/ /g''
mysql Thu Mar  3 13:50:32 2011 > select group_concat(concat('drop database ',SCHEMA_NAME,';')) from information_schema.schemata where SCHEMA_NAME !='mysql' and SCHEMA_NAME !='information_schema';
+---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| group_concat(concat('drop database '


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Showing entries 1 to 4

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