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Displaying posts with tag: guide (reset)
What is stuck in MySQL server?

There are few easy ticks to see what is stuck inside MySQL instance. All these techniques will not give you whole picture, but might help to find queries that block performance. Let’s start from what exactly doing your MySQL server right now.

Which queries are running now?

This will give you an idea what’s running right now so you can find long running queries which slowing down MySQL and/or causing replication lag:

mysql -e "SHOW PROCESSLIST" | grep -v -i "sleep"

It is more convenient than just run “SHOW PROCESSLIST” as it’s hiding all connected threads in “Sleep” state so you’ll get a clean output. Also you can get same output but updating each second:

watch -n1 'mysql -e "SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST" | grep -v -i "Sleep"'

What to look for? This is complex output but you can start with Time and State columns. When you see a query running for more …

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How To - Guide to exporting data from Excel to a new MySQL table

There may be times when you need to create a new table in MySQL and feed it with data from another database, the Internet or from combined data sources. MS Excel is commonly used as the bridge between those data sources and a target MySQL database because of the simplicity it offers to organize the information to then just dump it into a new MySQL table. Although the last bit sounds trivial, it may actually be a cumbersome step, creating ODBC connections within Excel through Microsoft Query may not help since these are normally created to extract data from MySQL into Excel, not the opposite. What if you could do this in a few clicks from within Excel after making your data ready for export to a MySQL database?

With MySQL for Excel you can do this and this guide will teach you how easy it is.

How To - Guide to Importing Data from a MySQL Database to Excel using MySQL for Excel

Fetching data from a database to then get it into an Excel spreadsheet to do analysis, reporting, transforming, sharing, etc. is a very common task among users. This task can be accomplished in several different ways and with different tools getting the same result; but users may find the process rather complicated, too technical and lengthy. With MySQL for Excel the task of importing data from a MySQL database to an Excel spreadsheet becomes an easy one and accessible to all types of users.  Here is a quick guide describing how to import data to Excel using MySQL for Excel.

How to avoid two backups running at the same time

When your backup script is running for too long it sometimes causes the second backup script starting at the time when previous backup is still running. This increasing pressure on the database, makes server slower, could start chain of backup processes and in some cases may break backup integrity.

Simplest solution is to avoid this undesired situation by adding locking to your backup script and prevent script to start second time when it’s already running.

Here is working sample. You will need to replace “sleep 10″ string with actual backup script call:

#!/bin/bash

LOCK_NAME="/tmp/my.lock"
if [[ -e $LOCK_NAME ]] ; then
        echo "re-entry, exiting"
        exit 1
fi

### Placing lock file
touch $LOCK_NAME
echo -n "Started..."

### Performing required work
sleep 10

### Removing lock
rm -f $LOCK_NAME

echo "Done."

It works perfectly most of the times. Problem is that you could still theoretically run two …

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Difference between myisam_sort_buffer_size and sort_buffer_size

MySQL has two confusingly identical by the first look variables myisam_sort_buffer_size and sort_buffer_size. Thing is that those two confusingly similar variables has absolutely different meanings.

sort_buffer_size is a per-connection variable and do not belongs to any specific storage engine. It doesn’t matter do you use MyISAM or InnoDB – MySQL will allocate sort_buffer_size for every sort (required most of the times for ORDER BY and GROUP BY queries) so increasing it’s value might help speeding up those queries however I would not recommend to change it from the default value unless you are absolutely sure about all the drawbacks. Value for out-of-the-box MySQL-5.1.41 installation on Ubuntu is 2Mb and it’s recommended to keep it that way.

On …

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Replacing MySQL Full-text search with Sphinx

It’s very handy to have FT search out of the box, but there are several drawbacks attached. Problem is that MyISAM Full-text search is not designed to handle big amounts of text data. If you plan to index more than 1M documents you will probably need to take a look on the external search system like Lucene or Sphinx. For the usual LAMP-based service I personally would prefer to use Sphinx as it provides simple transition from MySQL FT and easy to integrate into any application (Sphinx could be queried via native APIs or via MySQL protocol).

Say we have table called <my_table> with `title` and `content` text fields. In MySQL you have to fire query like this:

SELECT * FROM <my_table> WHERE MATCH(`title`,`content`) AGAINST ('I love Sphinx');

Let’s see how could we do the same …

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Using MySQL Cluster to Protect & Scale the HDFS Namenode

The MySQL Cluster product team is always interested to see new and innovative uses of the database. Last week, a team of students at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden blogged about their use of MySQL Cluster in creating a scalable and highly available HDFS Namenode. The blog has received some pretty wide coverage, but was first picked up by Alex Popescu at the myNoSQL site

There are many established use cases of MySQL Cluster in the web, cloud/SaaS, telecoms and even flight control systems – you can see those we are allowed to talk about publicly …

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Using MySQL Cluster to Protect & Scale the HDFS Namenode

The MySQL Cluster product team is always interested to see new and innovative uses of the database. Last week, a team of students at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden blogged about their use of MySQL Cluster in creating a scalable and highly available HDFS Namenode. The blog has received some pretty wide coverage, but was first picked up by Alex Popescu at the myNoSQL site

There are many established use cases of MySQL Cluster in the web, cloud/SaaS, telecoms and even flight control systems – you can see those we are allowed to talk about publicly …

[Read more]
As license issues swirl, a new CAOS report

There has been no shortage of lively discussion on open source software licenses with recent shifts in the top licenses, perspectives on the licenses or lack of them for networked, SaaS and cloud-based software, increased prominence of a Microsoft open source license and concern over the openness (or closedness, depending on your perspedtive) of the latest devices. Amid all of it, we’re pleased to present our latest long-form report, CAOS 12 - The Myth of Open Source …

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Cluster Study Guide, Edition 2

My new edition of the MySQL 5.1 Cluster DBA Certification Study Guide arrived today. It features a bigger format, corrections, and much better graphics. And it is $10 less expensive.

The MySQL Cluster is just different enough from the 'old fashioned' server to be confusing to long time MySQL DBAs. This book points out common problems people have getting their clusters configured. So if you are curious about how clusters work and want more than the man pages as a reference, order you copy today!

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